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What are "one-world theory"and "two-world theory"?

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Introduction

1. What are "one-world theory" and "two-world theory"? Before one can compare and contrast the one-world theory and the two-world theory, one needs to be fully acquainted with what each theory is, what it states, and to which respective social sphere each theory is a constituent. The "two-world theory" will be explained first, and an annotation of the "one-world theory" will follow. The two theories will then be compared, to discern each's singularity. The western philosophy shares the "two-world theory". The theory's most fundamental founding is the fact that something divine has created the world we live in, relating itself closely to the Judas-Christianism. It is literally a linear way of looking at the world. They utilize words such as comprehending, but if a given concept is too vast and seemingly beyond the comprehension, the idea is then referred to God. In other words, the linear hierarchy of the world gives the western world a pretext to explain the metaphysics, or the ultimate constituents of reality and grounds for our knowledge of them. Plato(427-347 BCE) arguably notes in the "Allegory of the Cave" the representation of ordinary human existence. We, like the people brought up in a cave, are trapped in a world of impermanence and partiality, the realm of sensible objects that are actually shadows of ideas on heaven. ...read more.

Middle

Christian Wolff (1679-1754) and Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) initially evaluated Confucianism as a culture that is administered by an autonomous natural reason and communal morality. To Montesquieu(1689-1755), the Chinese emphasis on natural law and order seemingly hampered the spirit of progress and threatened the fulfillment of a truly egalitarian society which was the socio-political ideal of French Revolution. As we can see from above, the analysis between the two cultures shows that they are inherently different cultures; of which varied evaluation can follow. However, despite the discrepancies, the global world will, without doubt, increasingly attempt to understand the "one-world theory", and incorporate it to their daily lives. Confucian code of ethics First son Priority Most people in the Confucian ethics class have pointed out that they have not yet experienced the first son priority within their families. It is possible that the Korean society is evolving to some extent, and parents who only decades ago would have held dear their first sons have changed their attitudes. It is also possible that the poll was somewhat disillusioned from the fact that many students in the class are either foreigners or exchange students, whose parents are more likely to have more liberal, open-minded parents who have not expressed them bias in their treatment of their elder siblings. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is rather close to the Western views about democracy. However, contrary to Western absorption in individual rights, the Confucian view feels it necessary to keep under control the demoralizing factors related to excessive individualism that undermines the benefit of the society. The guideline for the boundaries of grass-root action, in this sense, is essentially that if the communitarian actions will render the society good on the whole, it can be permitted. The method with which the people should handle social participation is through deliberation rather than coercive power. The emergence of people as the grass root of a state, signifies that the people now have the power to handle or mishandle the state, especially in the modern democratic society that we have today, in which a monarch who can balance the people's influence does not exist. If the success and growing influence of civil societies persist, people should really start acting in a conscious way in which they look, in the longest perspective attainable. The participatory and deliberative nature of the grass roots should be attributed to seeking a common ground for all of the people, even if it does not necessarily represent the majority. The decisions should be flexible, and accommodate contrasting views as well. The conditions currently in Korea do not seem to reflect such a pattern, but people are more acting as a herd, where the voice of the minority, or even the unspeaking mean, is unheard; despite the shrieks that can be overheard. ...read more.

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