WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH ANALYSIS? ILLUSTRATE WITH SUITABLE EXAMPLES
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WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH ANALYSIS? ILLUSTRATE WITH SUITABLE EXAMPLES Every sociologist before starting to do a research has first to decide what methodological research is most suitable. That is they have do decide if they are going to adopt a qualitative (Interpretive Social Science) or quantitative (Positivism) research process (writing science). Research process is described as writing science, were one is going to see what he is going to observe and then see how this problem can be solved. Here variables play an important part, were first collection of data takes place and then construction of theory. Questioners are a quantitative research process. Emile Durkheim is one of the leading sociologists who used this type of research method. Infact he done a famous research on suicide and wrote a book regarding this aspect. In addition, Ronald G. Sultana made use of questioners in his study of child labour practices in the Maltese Islands. There are various advantages of questioners.
Even if they want to tell the truth, they may be unable to do so because they forget or lack the relevant information. 5. There is a great distance between the researcher and the subject of research. To positivist, -this encourages objectivity, but to an Interpretive sociologist, it prevents the possibility of understanding the meanings and motives of the subjects of the research. Unlike participant observation, the researcher does not undergo similar experiences to the subjects of the research, and so cannot draw so easily on experience to understand the behaviour of those being studied. It is not possible to see how people act and react towards each other, nor is it possible to examine the way in which self-concepts change during the course of interaction. 6. In addition, in this quantitative research method the researcher imposes his own order on the grouping of data. Interviews are a compromise between qualitative and quantitative method and so they are more flexible. They have many of the advantages of questioners.
Since he/she must be present this results to danger to the researcher's personal safety, especially when dealing with criminals, and the researcher may dislike the activities performed. Infact a researcher who called himself 'James Patrick' had to keep even his name a secret when studying violent Glasgow gangs. In addition higher classes tend usually to exclude participant observers, since these do not like the idea that that there is someone who is continually watching them. Also since participant observation is made up of small samples, results cannot be checked or compared. The researcher may impose his own framework of what to record and what is unimportant, and so results produced are specific to that small group of people and is a personal opinion of the researcher (personal perspective). This makes it extremely difficult for the researchers to compare results even if they are studying the same group of people. One has to bare in mind what type of research method to choose, either qualitative or quantitative, or ideally a mixture of both as in interviews, called Triangulation. Therefore, the researcher has to see the validity and the reliability of data, since the collected data will give light on the research process.
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