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What are the points of conversion and the points of departure between science and social science? Explain with reference to the claim that the two sciences use scientific methods and state your opinion on this point.

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Introduction

TMA3 Question What are the points of conversion and the points of departure between science and social science? Explain with reference to the claim that the two sciences use scientific methods and state your opinion on this point. I will write in my essay about point of conversion and departure between science and social science? I also explain with reference to the claim that the two sciences use scientific methods and state my opinion on these points. What are the point of conversion and departure between science and social science? Are the two sciences above use scientific methods? What do we mean when we say that we know some thing? There are many different sources of the knowledge such as medicine which is part of the science, it depend on many factors, for example, personal experience of our own bodies, observation of others, our families, friends. Medical knowledge of the general practitioner, we expect the doctor to have access to expert knowledge. Evidence from "X-ray" diagnosis, experiments, observations, instruments, add new knowledge to the patient and the doctor. Another source of knowledge is the language and practices that create knowledge. The specialist language of the doctor produces meaning that has medically recognized status, such language is increasingly entering into the discourses of common sense. The doctor has specialized medical knowledge that the patient lacks. The specialized knowledge is a collection of evidence and theories about how they can best be treated. ...read more.

Middle

They were excluded from other areas of public life, from higher education. Table 1.2 different theorists' approaches to knowledge. Table 1.2 Popper Kuhn Foucault Fox Keller How do we produce knowledge? Questions Skepticism Falsification Paradigms Discourse Scientific method and practice What is the status of knowledge? 'True science' knowledge which survives falsification Paradigms have status until challenged and replaced Knowledge is power Discourses create power and knowledge together Scientific knowledge is not objective Men have more power and status than women How is new knowledge produced? Through constant questioning Social change leads to revolutionary crises Discourses of resistance Challenges claims to objectivity Is this knowledge socially constructed? Knowledge is rationally constructed by human beings Scientific knowledge is influenced by social change and is social in content Heavy stress on social construction There is no 'truth' outside discourse Knowledge production is gendered and shaped by social power relations such as partiarcy There are different forms of knowledge and that some knowledge systems might be privileged in particular societies, while scientific knowledge can be seen as replacing religious knowledge, there is no evidence that, for instance, near knowledge systems are challenging the orthodoxy of traditional medical science, especially in its application though the practice of medicine, people are seeking alternative ways of knowing about health and illness, who are the experts now. Is there greater uncertainty about scientific forms of knowledge in the contemporary world? At different points in history there have been different ideas about the source of authority. ...read more.

Conclusion

They focus on the research context the power relation and structural inequalities in society. They see research as linked to struggle against oppression of workers by controllers of capital. The use same methods as positivist and interprettivists, but deploy these to contribute to the emancipation of the oppressed or to understand some form of exploitation. critical researchers raise questions about the impact of prevailing power structures on the research process and findings. Finally, is cultural perspective, they focus on language, representative and discourse. Knowledge is linked with power. Cultural approaches make two representational practice and language and how we understand and make sense of the world. The notion of discourse and the links between knowledge and power. Social science is complex science, search for reliable, try to use best means to reach for the right and truth, gave their opinion without any intervention or biases, they take their information from many resources such as narrative stand and analytical stand, the analytical stand uses the circuit of knowledge to examine the process by which we come to say that we know something. The narrative stand explores the nature of knowledge itself and how it is not constant but forever changing. In my opinion this approach is excellent and powerful, help in many fields of our life to solve complex problem, or help when the person want to write article, because it's analytical method, help to reach to what we need to understand. Social science helps and makes the ways easy to study the other parts of science. ...read more.

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