• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the points of conversion and the points of departure between science and social science? Explain with reference to the claim that the two sciences use scientific methods and state your opinion on this point.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TMA3 Question What are the points of conversion and the points of departure between science and social science? Explain with reference to the claim that the two sciences use scientific methods and state your opinion on this point. I will write in my essay about point of conversion and departure between science and social science? I also explain with reference to the claim that the two sciences use scientific methods and state my opinion on these points. What are the point of conversion and departure between science and social science? Are the two sciences above use scientific methods? What do we mean when we say that we know some thing? There are many different sources of the knowledge such as medicine which is part of the science, it depend on many factors, for example, personal experience of our own bodies, observation of others, our families, friends. Medical knowledge of the general practitioner, we expect the doctor to have access to expert knowledge. Evidence from "X-ray" diagnosis, experiments, observations, instruments, add new knowledge to the patient and the doctor. Another source of knowledge is the language and practices that create knowledge. The specialist language of the doctor produces meaning that has medically recognized status, such language is increasingly entering into the discourses of common sense. The doctor has specialized medical knowledge that the patient lacks. The specialized knowledge is a collection of evidence and theories about how they can best be treated. ...read more.

Middle

They were excluded from other areas of public life, from higher education. Table 1.2 different theorists' approaches to knowledge. Table 1.2 Popper Kuhn Foucault Fox Keller How do we produce knowledge? Questions Skepticism Falsification Paradigms Discourse Scientific method and practice What is the status of knowledge? 'True science' knowledge which survives falsification Paradigms have status until challenged and replaced Knowledge is power Discourses create power and knowledge together Scientific knowledge is not objective Men have more power and status than women How is new knowledge produced? Through constant questioning Social change leads to revolutionary crises Discourses of resistance Challenges claims to objectivity Is this knowledge socially constructed? Knowledge is rationally constructed by human beings Scientific knowledge is influenced by social change and is social in content Heavy stress on social construction There is no 'truth' outside discourse Knowledge production is gendered and shaped by social power relations such as partiarcy There are different forms of knowledge and that some knowledge systems might be privileged in particular societies, while scientific knowledge can be seen as replacing religious knowledge, there is no evidence that, for instance, near knowledge systems are challenging the orthodoxy of traditional medical science, especially in its application though the practice of medicine, people are seeking alternative ways of knowing about health and illness, who are the experts now. Is there greater uncertainty about scientific forms of knowledge in the contemporary world? At different points in history there have been different ideas about the source of authority. ...read more.

Conclusion

They focus on the research context the power relation and structural inequalities in society. They see research as linked to struggle against oppression of workers by controllers of capital. The use same methods as positivist and interprettivists, but deploy these to contribute to the emancipation of the oppressed or to understand some form of exploitation. critical researchers raise questions about the impact of prevailing power structures on the research process and findings. Finally, is cultural perspective, they focus on language, representative and discourse. Knowledge is linked with power. Cultural approaches make two representational practice and language and how we understand and make sense of the world. The notion of discourse and the links between knowledge and power. Social science is complex science, search for reliable, try to use best means to reach for the right and truth, gave their opinion without any intervention or biases, they take their information from many resources such as narrative stand and analytical stand, the analytical stand uses the circuit of knowledge to examine the process by which we come to say that we know something. The narrative stand explores the nature of knowledge itself and how it is not constant but forever changing. In my opinion this approach is excellent and powerful, help in many fields of our life to solve complex problem, or help when the person want to write article, because it's analytical method, help to reach to what we need to understand. Social science helps and makes the ways easy to study the other parts of science. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Evaluate the Significance of Socilogy To Understand Social Work Practice.

    They must intervene and provide long term care packages to prevent the admission to residential care and to enable the client to be interdependent, rather than dependent. Some clients are state dependent on the retirement pension and income support, barely able to pay for the private services that are not

  2. Sociology is not, cannot be, and should not be a science.

    I have highlighted circumstances wherby objective facts have been quantified with the use of scientific method, such use lends sociology to the definition of science mentioned above and can therfore be defined as science. In a painfully contradictory manner, I have highlighted with Kuhn's theory how science and sociology work

  1. An investigation and analysis of the role of women in contemporary Islam in the ...

    In the 1980's the Sikh community complained that it was impossible to do so if they were wearing turbans, the government then made a clause in the law for Sikhs who wore turbans, that when riding a motorbike it wasn't compulsory for them to wear a crash helmet.

  2. A-Level Sociology Theory + Methods Revision.

    Marxism sees a conspiracy at every level of organisation in a capitalist soc. so that exploitation can continue. 2. Excessive reference to ideology may make arguments presented less acceptable + encourage a belief in the bias of the researchers. 3.

  1. Evaluation of the difference between Positivist and Interpretivist methodologies

    His data is quantitative. He will involve large numbers of people in his research and imitate the methods of the natural scientist. He strives for reliability and generalisation. The methods he employs include social surveys, questionnaires, and structured interviews. He also prefers to keep to laboratory conditions, feeling that these factors are less likely

  2. The essay will begin by looking at what normality and social construction is and ...

    In this view, the 'problem' is not the disabled person, but the lack of appropriate goods and services. This approach is most often stated as seeing the category of disability as a social construct, explained with reference to medical and political agendas and emphasising the historical development of instituitional discriminatory practice ( Finkelstein, 1981).

  1. How does the social context of scientific work affect the methods and findings of ...

    People later recognized the importance of such findings, and pressed for more information. This resulted in the continuation, even to present-day, of research in the fields of behavioral psychology and genetics. Therefore, societal and social interest in early scientific examinations provides the building blocks that support modern or more advanced research of the same fields.

  2. evaluation of methods

    Also my research is on the whole of UK, but I have only asked people in London and only from some areas. This means that this is not representive to the whole of population in UK. My results may not have been accurate because of the problems with my sampling and methods.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work