• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What did Hoggart and other British cultural critics see the "juke box boys" (Hoggart, 1958, 247) as a portent of, and how was it represented in the British films of the 1950s?

Extracts from this document...


What did Hoggart and other British cultural critics see the "juke box boys" (Hoggart, 1958, 247) as a portent of, and how was it represented in the British films of the 1950s? Dan Bednar The essay will introduce the notion of consensus - the agreement reached between political parties as well as in the society as a whole. However, due to the limitation of this paper, this is a rather an abbreviated description of the whole situation. As a result the British foreign affairs, as well as the importance of immigrant waves on forming the new British culture, will be ignored. Furthermore, the youth phenomenon did not appear overnight as it might seem from reading the following lines. In fact as the teenagers gained more and more attention from the marketplace and the popular press, they also gained more confidence and their voice was heard. The focus here will be on the Teddy Boys youths; the nation's young generation, however, was much more diverse, ranging from middle and upper class youth (with their specific culture) to youngsters organised in clubs and societies. Consensus Since 1951 the Conservative Party won three subsequent elections. The political consensus between the parties "reflected a consensus in the nation. ...read more.


Similarly to Hitchcock's Psycho, Powell and Pressburger cast the main character with a good-looking young man - instead of a villain looking character. As Lowenstein argues, the social realism of Peeping Tom shows that these shifting social currents are shot through with anxieties that include viewers 'like you and me' as agonized participants in 'life here today'. (2000 p.229) Powell's and Presburger's interest in products of the mass culture is of the same sort as Warhol's interest in advertising, Kubrick's interest in popular genres in The Shining as well as Tarantino's obsession with pulp novels. Angry Young Men Hoggart's appeal was to preserve and enforce original 'working class' culture. This appeal came about at the same time as the new breed of writers, first just called Movement and later on called the Angry Young Men. They were often of working class origin, and wrote novels about working class youth or about young men fighting bureaucracy and the current social order (Kingsley Amis - Lucky Jim). These 'angry young men' represented the part of society that was slowly waking up from the consensus dream. The British Empire was facing internal and external crisis (racial upheavals, Suez War). ...read more.


The Pop art (art for everyone) made no distinctions between popular and highbrow culture and freed art from all preconceptions. Furthermore, the open dealing with sexual matters in some of the films and novels, opened up the censorship and gave way to artistic freedom. The youth shook the power of the "highbrow minority" that dictated the shaping of the whole culture and helped the existence of working class bands like the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. The youth also gained more attention from advertisers and this resulted in strictly teenage products - fashion, such as jeans and short skirts. The youth changed the whole nature of cinema production. From then on film producers became more aware of their audiences and the films targeted increasingly younger audiences. Also the age of the media planners, directors and producers decreased and the young filmmakers gained more power both in Britain (Anderson, Reizs) and Hollywood (Beatty, Hopper), only to loose it later on due to further commercialism of cinema during the 70s and 80s (Biskind,1998: Introduction). The strength of the youth influence is also in its diversity: it inspired Marxists, trash artists, nihilists, hedonists, feminists and the list could go on. Its main strength is that it enabled wide cultural and political discussions. Arthur was a portent of complex socio-cultural changes that started during the sixties and carry on until today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Mateship has long been a major aspect of the national image as projected by ...

    The value of bush mateship, on the other hand, is controversial. The traditional picture of bushmen as a noble male who stayed only with his mates for accomplishing great jobs is conflicted with another picture. This alternative picture describes so-called noble bushmen as a group who lived in their monotonous

  2. Assess the view that there has been an increase in the diversity of family ...

    They do less well at school. Moreover, if the divorced people or these from single-parent family with their children from the previous marriage have made up a new family, this type of family is called the reconstituted or

  1. Discuss the major changes to have taken place in family life in Britain since ...

    (Allan, 1985) A major change that has taken place in family life in Britain is the issue of divorce. Since the 1950's divorce has become legally easier and therefore socially acceptable causing increased divorce rates. According to Allan: 'The increase has been most rapid since the passing of the 1969

  2. A comparison of how gender is represented in Bond films - Goldeneye and Goldfinger

    This shows how representation of gender has changed from the earlier film. Bond now sees Natalia as an equal and wants to ensure that she is safe before himself. Another example of how in the earlier films women were seen to be sex objects is when Bond is talking to

  1. Is George Murdock's 'Nuclear Family' still, the norm in British society?

    By 1987 14% of families with dependent children were lone parents 5. In 1989, 664,000 lone parents received state benefit to provide for over a million children 6. By 1989 27% of all births took place outside marriage 7. In 1989 75% of all births to teenage girls took place

  2. What Impact did the War Have on the Role of Women in British Society ...

    This can also be seen as a reason for the increase of women working in transport and mining industries as the government would need to transport the goods to the war and also power the factories with coal from the mines.

  1. John Hill, "Working Class Realism",sex, class and realism: British Cinema 1956-1963

    It is known that many of the great Directors of the time will have grown up in Working class positions and have personal experiences that they'd have wished to portray through the use of film. We can see that a characteristic of many New Wave films are poetic shots and

  2. "Compare the presentation of the exploitation of women in "Memoirs of a Geisha" by ...

    Leaving familiarity creates uncertainty in her mind she is unable to cope with the total abandonment of her father even though their bond was relatively weak. "I hoped he would reply, but he only made a gesture with his hand that meant for me to leave".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work