• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Liberal Government place such emphasis on attacking the problem of poverty in the years between 1906-1911?

Extracts from this document...


Lizzie Godsill 31 October 2003 Why did the Liberal Government place such emphasis on attacking the problem of poverty in the years between 1906-1911? The Liberal government came into power in 1906 after 10 years of Conservative rule. The Conservative Government, lead by Balfour, was dominated by the upper class and they held a large majority of upper class votes across Britain. Not until very late in to the Conservative's rule did they try to do much for poverty in Britain. Chamberlain's Tariff Reform programme was set on improving the national economy which would have directly improved the life style of the working class if it had worked. Balfour was extremely indecisive about this issue and the only work done was by the Royal Commission. The lack of work and support by the Conservatives left the working class in a state of abject poverty and it was the Liberals' job to conquer this problem before it got out of hand. There were several different pressures that drove the Liberals into attacking the problem of poverty and one of them was the pressure from other parties and groups. ...read more.


Until the beginning of the 20th Century the House of Commons largely consisted of the middle and upper classes. At the turn of the century more and more working class people became involved in politics. The main reason for this was the introduction of payment for MPs. Before 1911 MP s were not paid which made it hard for the working class members to support their families as well. With the increase in working class males in parliament, publicity of their concerns was enhanced, making it easier for the Liberals to attack the problems as they knew the specific issues. It was not only the Government that changed in 1906, but also the identity of the Liberal Party. With a new batch of Liberal MP's developing, like Churchill and Lloyd-George, came new ideas and New Liberalism. The change of attitude by the Liberals came from the idea of National Efficiency. The discussion over national efficiency presented new ideas from the Liberals. At the heart of new Liberalism was their new attitude towards the state. ...read more.


Europe was on the brink of war and Britain was lacking in strong and efficient troops. During the Boer War one third of the working class volunteers were turned away from their medical for ill health and the fact they were not physically able to participate in a war. To defeat countries like Germany, British troops needed to be fit and healthy, but the army was having problems recruiting infantry soldiers, of which the majority would have been working class, because of poor health. For Britain to stand on its own in a war the Liberals needed to improve the health and living conditions of males so they could perform the tasks expected of them, in the work place and on the battle field. These points suggest that action would have to have been taken by the government if such people were to make a positive contribution. The debate over National Efficiency made a huge impact on Liberal thinking and ideas both before the 1906 general election, and particularly after it. Many of these ideas and facts drawn out of surveys sparked the new developments of the Liberal regime which directly attacked the problem of poverty between 1906 and 1911. * * * * * ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. is domestic violence a purely private problem or a national social problem? Discuss

    a crucial role in the offence, and may have directly or indirectly brought about or precipitated their own victimisation." (Schultz 1960, cited in Dobash & Dobash 1992:235). These women were to blame and could expect to be disciplined. The family was, and for the most part still is, assumed to

  2. The cannabis debate

    Legalisation would reduce the enormous amount of money spent on enforcement and reduce the amount of police time spent on cautioning small time users, whilst at the same time increasing the country's revenue. This would enable police to spend more time and money on hard drugs and violent crimes and

  1. crime and poverty

    because they have been living in Newham either all their life or for a few years. People will feel more comfortable talking about their experiences as all information will be in confidence so when people answer my questions they don't feel uncomfortable.

  2. Is domestic violence a purely private problem or a national social problem?

    Women were reluctant to report abuse; a spell in prison for their partners could have severe financial repercussions for the family. It was also considered shameful to publicly air private family matters. "Disgrace seemed to stem from public knowledge rather than the act itself."

  1. In this assignment I intend to show an awareness of the concepts, definitions and ...

    The elderly can been seen as being "in the way" are isolated due to less contact with family members or the community. Disabled people are denied access to employment, education and resources, are made feel useless. Coloured people even if they are wealthy are still looked upon as inferior by society (inbred discrimination).

  2. Who Voted Nazi and Why?

    While this may be mainly true you have to take into account the fact that in the elections of 1930 and 1932 there was a record turnout. So it could be the case that the communists simply benefited from millions of new voters choosing them and that the SPD lost votes to the Nazis only.

  1. All societies and cultures place a great emphasis on the differences between males and ...

    Anthropologists use the term socialisation as a concept to mean the teaching that prepares the young to be competent members of their society. Training children to fit gender roles and to internalise the benefits and values appropriate to performing their roles in all situations and social instructions is a primary job of socialisers the world over.

  2. Changing attitudes to poverty, by Government and Society between 1834 and 1942

    The Act contained four main parts to achieve the radical reform needed as suggested by Chadwick and Senior. These were the establishment of a central authority (Central Commission), the grouping together of Parishes to form new Poor Law Unions. Under the old Poor Law the poor were responsible to their

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work