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Why is understanding human behaviour a problem for sociologists?

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Introduction

Why is understanding human behaviour a problem for sociologists? In order to answer this question I will have to look into what factors promote change in human behavior and what sociologists have to say about understanding human behavior. What affects human behavior? First of all human behavior is affected by culture. When we think of the word Culture in ordinary daily conversation, we often see it as equivalent to 'higher thing of the mind - arts, literature, music and painting. As sociologist use the term, it includes such activities, but far more. Culture refers to the way of life of the members of a society, or of groups within a society. It includes how they dress their marriage customs and family life, their patterns of work, religious ceremonies and leisure pursuitsi. Second, humans are also affected by social interactions. This is the process by which we act and react in relation to those around us. Third, human behaviour is also affected by one's 'Race'. Race can be understood as a set of social relationships which allow individuals and groups to be located and various attributes or competencies assigned, on the basis of biologically grounded featuresii. ...read more.

Middle

One of the main things that he studied was suicide rates in groups. Through these types of studies, Durkheim was able to see how different groups were integrated. Integration shows that some groups have strong control over it's members and others allow their members to have more control over their own actions. He spent most of his academic career in Germany; he was an individual of wide learning. His writings covered the fields of economics, law, philosophy and comparative history as well as sociology. He argued that human motivation and ideas were the forces behind change - ideas, values and beliefs had the power to bring about transformations. According to Weber, individuals have the ability to act freely and to shape the future. He did not believe, as Durkheim and Marx did, that structures existed external to or independent of individuals. Rather, structures in society were formed by a complex interplay of actions. It was the job of sociology to understand the meanings behind those actions. He studied the religions of China, India and the Near East, and in the course of these researches made major contributions to the sociology of religion. Comparing the leading religious systems in china and India with those of the west, Weber concluded that certain aspects of Christian beliefs strongly influenced the rise of capitalism. ...read more.

Conclusion

populations background, but they will look at the population from their own background as they will have developed an 'auto-bias', in that they will have a certain perception on religion, they will have certain perception on politics, they will have certain perception on how society should go about their everyday life, or how weddings should be conducted, how a school should be run, how a welfare system should be managed, these are to name a few. When one looks at society they will be critical at different levels, for example someone who is used to going to a funeral in black suit, they will find it unusual seeing a society wearing black suit on a joyous occasion. Where as in some society white is worn on a joyous occasion, such as a wedding, would find it astonishing that other people are grieving in white, such as in funerals. The background, beliefs, political and cultural orientation of sociologists makes them biased. A sociologist would never be able to understand the behaviour of a human being as not everyone in this world is the same and in the time it took for me to write this essay many changes have occurred throughout the worlds different societies which will intern change the behaviour of a human being. ...read more.

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