• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the Labour Party formed in the first part of the 20th Century?

Extracts from this document...


Why was the Labour Party formed in the first part of the 20th Century? The Labour Party has its origins in the social and economic changes of the nineteenth century. By the second half of the century Britain had a large and growing industrial working class. Skilled workers enjoyed a rising standard of living during the nineteenth century, but social surveys showed that around 30 per cent of the working class were living in poverty. Awareness of these inequalities fuelled a demand among both the working classes and the middle-class intellectuals for social reform. At the same time socialist ideas, such as those of Karl Marx, who spent half of his life in London, had their impact. From the 1850s to the 1880s, most trade unionists supported the Liberal Party and ideas of meritocracy. In 1874, two Liberal/Labour working-class MPs were elected: Thomas Burt and Alexander McDonald. By the 1890s, Britain had become even more industrialised and large numbers of people lived in towns and worked in manufacturing. ...read more.


These groups grew in popularity due to the common frustration with the Conservatives. There was much anger at this government, which was lead by Lord Salisbury, as it still remained an aristocratic leadership. The LRC was formed in 1900 as a result of trade union action prompted by a number of other factors. One of these factors is the Liberal decline. The Liberal Party split in two after the introduction of the First Home Rule Bill. A traditional Liberal support of workers' interests had waned to the extent that the belief that it would choose working-class parliamentary candidates had virtually disappeared. Another factor was the employers' hostility. In the 1890s, trade unions faced a major attack from employers who were supported by court judgements that underlined the lack of working-class political influence. Moreover, this lead to a demand from the working classes for representation. A further factor was the Trades Union Congress of 1899. ...read more.


The technological advances formed as a result of the industrial revolution helped to split the middle and working classes. The managers and owners formed the middle-class, whilst the labourers formed the working-class. Another reason was political change. Many working-class men had the vote after 1884. This meant that a working-class Party would have a lot of support. The working-class electors wanted to vote for a Party that would represent them and their needs, and so this left the way for a party to emerge. The Labour Party was formed at the beginning of the 20th century because it had the support and the demand. The demand had formed from the industrial revolution and the support came from middle-class radicals as well as the working classes. The Labouring classes had formed the majority of the electorate following the social reforms of the nineteenth century. The majority of the working classes were unhappy with the present economic and social situation, they wanted to use their votes to solve fight for their cause and with the newly formed Labour Party they could do exactly that. Amy Knighting 12JB 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. How Would You Define the Working Class in Nineteenth Century Britain? When and why ...

    the higher classes developed different opinions due to production becoming more fundamental. Marxists argue that this helped form a vital structure in society. However the working classes were also identified through their surroundings in which they lived and by their style of life, this helped develop certain class-consciousness among the lower classes.

  2. How useful is the Jewish museum to the historian studying the living and working ...

    The museum opened in 1984. In the museum, there were two floors; the ground floor was set up like a synagogue with the torahs behind the altar, and the upstairs part, where the women and children would sit for the Jewish services was turned into a museum.

  1. What did working-class men and women read during the Industrial Revolution?

    They were also found in churches and chapels were they consisted of religious novels; in 1809, Thomas Kelly printed huge editions from The Bible and sold 230,000 copies, largely to servants and better-paid artisans. The Religious Tract Society issued 5,411 libraries between 1832 and 1849; these were largely used by the working-class public.

  2. What part did the development of mechanical means of contraception play in the late ...

    Working class people could not afford them. In 1843 when the Goodyear Rubber Company vulcanised rubber in the USA and Hancock did the same in Britain it became possible to mass produce them and they therefore became widely available by the 1880s.

  1. As the nineteenth century opened, life presented few opportunities for women to experience personal ...

    Why would she rather be like other women? He asks, "Dost thou deem it misery to be endowed with marvelous gifts against which no power nor strength could avail1/4Wouldst thou, then, have preferred the condition of a weak woman, exposed to all evil and capable of none?"

  2. My first fight.

    Meanwhile, David decided to smell a mixture of pens, which to this day I think is very peculiar. Nathan had written down the title "My First Fight", but then started to doodle on a spotless new table. David brought his sniffing to a standstill and began a conversation with Nathan about football.

  1. The poet William Blake refers to ‘the mind-forg’d manacles of man’. To what extent ...

    You are my king, my idol!" (Flaubert, 1995, p147) "How could it occur to her to examine the [love] letter, to look at it critically...her whole soul was possessed" (Eliot, 1985, p67) Love is seen as a psychological restriction in that it restricts our ability to think rationally and forces us to act without considering consequences.

  2. Disucss the conention that weak leadership, rather than any economic or political factor was ...

    Though the five out of six points were eventually passed in the late 1880's, Chartism short term was seen as a failure. Despite the fact that Leadership was crucial to the Chartists, many Historians such as Mark Hovell saw the main motive for the failure of Chartism weak leadership.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work