• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Economics - Philippines Development

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Economics Research Paper Done by: Anisha Charan (B6) Discuss 3 factors that may hinder the economic growth/ development of the country that you have visited. The Republic of The Philippines has a GDP per capita of only US$2,132 (2010) and a population size of 93,616,853, of which, 26.5% of the population live under the poverty line. Accounting for 20% of the gross national product, agriculture is the main source of livelihood for its inhabitants. Previously one of the richest countries in Asia, Philippines is now one of the poorest, but is slowly making its way back up. There are however, some factors hindering its economic growth, specifically in the areas of education, infrastructure and agriculture, which I will discuss in the following report. Primary and secondary education in the Philippines is free, and quantity-wise, schools are provided with sufficient basic necessities. The problem hence lies in the drastic amount of dropout rates from school (*Refer to pie chart above); only 63% of pupils graduate from elementary, 34% continue to high school and 3% move on to college. ...read more.

Middle

Hence, the large number of dropouts proves to be an immense hindrance in economic growth in Philippines. The next major hindrance in the Philippines? economic growth is infrastructure with regards to health. In the city area, the government spends on concrete-made government buildings and public facilities, while in rural areas, houses are made with bamboo and rattan, depicting lack of expenditure for houses. 66% of all households in rural areas are not supplied with clean water, relying on potable water supply from wells, and due to the lack of sewage treatment facility, wastewater from households directly drains into canals and rivers. Contamination to the surface and underground water sources and in the wells can impose serious health risks to people such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and typhoid. To add on, 14% of houses do not have sanitary toilets, while 4% do not have toilets at all, resulting in similar health problems. Due to these diseases, people would either be unable to go to work or would be less productive at the workplace, both resulting in slow or negative rate of production. ...read more.

Conclusion

As rice is the staple food in Philippines, it is important to promote agricultural development in order to alleviate poverty. Furthermore, landlords are converting agricultural farmland into golf courses and agro-industrial parks, reducing space area for cultivation. If this is prevented, rice can be cultivated, without stopping the cultivation of non-rice products for exportation. This also helps reduce the unemployment rate. Moreover, if rice is cultivated, Philippines would not have to rely so much on imports, and can invest their money in other industries, where it is needed such as housing and sanitation in rural areas. In conclusion, I believe that the government lacks where it should be rightfully spending money; instead of quantity-wise for education where it is adequate, the government should spend more on incentives to bringing children to school such as providing breakfast or free transport of school buses. It should spend on housing and sanitation instead of urban developments and should secure the problem of poverty in its own country by cultivating rice before exporting non-rice products to other countries. By doing this, I feel Philippines will have a higher chance of achieving development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Anthropology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Anthropology essays

  1. Apply Functionalism and Structuralism to the Trobriander Islanders Economy

    had functions Matrilineality and the role of women had a significant role in the Trobrianders society (e.g. women can choose their husbands). It defines the corporate descent system of the dala's, so you inherit through your mother's side, not your father's.

  2. More adoption, less abortion.

    There have also been documented cases of heart attacks and even deaths? (Trupin). Usually, the gynecologists who perform the abortions tone down these effects by stating the pain feels like a woman on a heavy menstrual cycle but it is much more painful.

  1. Discuss Free Speech in China Compared to the UK

    in the media will either be happy to watch the Chinese networks and read the Chinese papers, or will circumvent the censorship to find external news. Therefore, there is only a breakdown of freedom of speech for a small segment of society.

  2. Outline the stages involved in research, development and testing of new pharmaceutical products

    Further study takes place 3. Finishes the study of the medicine From about 20years since the study begun the patent will expire and the medicine will now be in the market by other pharmacies as well. 2. Brand name drugs provide a huge income for pharmaceutical companies.

  1. Using "Ebonics" in American Schools. Schools should use only standard English. Ebonics will ...

    The problem lies not necessarily in the way they speak per se, but rather in what is done to alter such language patterns. The main preoccupation has to be the alteration of study habits and the frequency and duration of dialogues taking place in AAVE, as, if not, one is

  2. Discuss the relationship between poverty and fertility rates.

    Statistics show that every 1 in 3 new born child in Sierra Leone does not live past the age of three.

  1. Investigating the Folklore of the Oregon Country Fair

    you work, it?s a good way to get yourself to try new things. Wandering through the fair on its own seems to be a shared favorite experience; there is something to treat the eye everywhere you look. There are several different areas that are themed, such as mushroom forest in

  2. Family Life in India, The Nuclear Family and the Effects of Divorce on ...

    e-newsletters online for parents to view, or even exchange emails or text messages throughout the day. The technology provides parents and providers with another tool for staying "in touch" and bonding with activities and events planned for youngsters. Some families may use a nanny for an infant, an in-home provider

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work