• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Presentation on Leslie White. In his new quest to understand why peoples behave the way they do he later enrolled in Louisiana State University as a student of psychology and sociology

Extracts from this document...


Leslie White: Presentation Background Info: * 1900-1975 * Born in Salida, Colorado * After his parents divorced when he was 5, he and his two siblings moved with his father into a farm near Greeley, Kansas o There, they had no indoor plumbing, running water or electricity o But, they had a fine view of the advent Halley's comet * then White developed an interest for astronomy * He intended to major in physics in Louisiana State * HOWEVER, when the US entered WWI, White joined the Navy o it was here that his primary focus turned to issues of human behaviour * In his new quest to understand "why peoples behave the way they do" he later enrolled in Louisiana State University as a student of psychology and sociology o he moved on to Columbia university where he received his M.A. a year later * He never took a single course under Boas, even though they were there at the same time. ...read more.


o The process of life can be described in terms of energy, also. A living organism is a structure through which energy flows, entering the system at higher potentials and leaving it at lower potentials. * Much like the water wheel, a living organism is a mechanism that is operated by the downward flow of energy. * As energy is transformed, it loses its value. Thus what is taken from the environment decreases as it is transformed. * Living things are means of stopping, or even reversing the cosmic drift toward maximum entropy (death) o Maintenance of life is achieved by offsetting the entropy produced by the very process of living with negative entropy obtained from the environment, by "sucking orderliness out of the environment" o Obtaining more negative entropy from the environment than positive entropy allows us to evolve. * we're utilizing increasing amounts of energy as it flows through living systems to build more complicated structures, rather than merely trying to MAINTAIN the vital process * IE. ...read more.


He references Simpson (The Meaning of Evolution) "a change that seems often to be involved in [biological evolution] is increase in general energy or maintained level of vital processes...the metabolic system of reptiles has a low vital minimum..." . He finishes with comparing the energy levels between mammals, animals and birds. Extension of the Life Form * The life process extends itself two ways o the multiplication of numbers through reproduction (qualitative) o development of higher forms of life (quantitative) * The lower the form of life, the greater tendency towards self-expansion in a quantitative manner (fruit flies) * The highly developed the life form, the less tendency toward numerous offspring (dolphins) * Man is always occupied with adjustment to and control over his environment, and with competition with other species for means of existence, survival and expansion. To do all of this requires energy. The organs of the body is used in process of survival, but ultimately, man alone possesses an elaborate extra-somatic mechanism, which involves the traditional organization of tools, customs, languages, beliefs, called culture. * Q#2: Why is culture a thermodynamic system? o Culture is an organization of things in motion, a process of energy transformations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Anthropology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Anthropology essays

  1. Teenage Suicide in the United States

    History is such a big part of the world, even if it's bad or good, it is still important and affects the future as well. Sadly, there have been many increases and decreases in the U.S. regarding teenage suicide for many years from 1950 and 2006.

  2. In his movie Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond argues that geography gives certain ...

    Cultural and religious differences in certain parts of the world make compromise and political stability very difficult to maintain because of the far-reaching effects culture can have on a region's power. Additionally, instead of relying solely on geography and military power, economic interests are increasingly essential.

  1. How is the theme of death portrayed in Antigone and The Outsider?

    Meursault found himself "open for the first time to the benign indifference of the world"22.

  2. While each Greek meal is fresh and inviting, it is also a trip back ...

    It is not uncommon for them to spend an entire day in the kitchen just to cook all the dishes that they want. My grandma will let something simmer all day at a very low level instead of cooking it real fast.

  1. For my research I interviewed a person from Costa Rica. I found that Costa ...

    Food made from flour and salt are avoided on the day of the fast and only fruits and milk are consumed on certain fast days. As my grandmother has said Indians consume more dairy products specially ghee (Indian butter) to improve strength.

  2. Investigating food and culture in Costa Rica

    As to the food habits differ from her family norms, she said, "if only me and my husband at home, we dish out whatever the portion we need into our plate and sit usually in the couch so we can watch TV while we are having food or wherever the place we want.

  1. My Own Culture - growing up in Malay culture.

    All good acts, such as holding a copy of the Holy Quran, touching someone, giving or receiving something, are to be done using the right hand. In fact if someone gives or receives something using the left hand this is considered rude.

  2. Outline the stages involved in research, development and testing of new pharmaceutical products

    State one patented drug and the company that developed it. Include an advertisement or product statement for this drug - if possible. Also state the major effect of the drug and side effects of the drug. What is a generic drug? Does a generic equivalent of your chosen drug exist?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work