• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Multicivilizational World: Reaffirmation of Cultural Identities

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐The Multicivilizational World: Reaffirmation of Cultural Identities Historical accounts and contemporary events underscore that either as individuals or in groups, people are continually on the move. Individuals' movements between countries may be voluntary or forced, sojourns may last 1 week or a lifetime, and rationale may be economic, political, or pleasure seeking. The outcomes may influence present or future careers, marriage partners, relationships with extended families, and leisure pursuits. Regardless of outcome, all who participate in cultural transitions are subject to a dizzying array of experiences collectively labeled as culture shock, adjustment, cross-cultural adaptation, or acculturation. Although these concepts are used frequently, they differ both structurally and temporally face the transition process. ...read more.


If we look back in history we can see, that there were examples of all culture to be destroyed, but this is long term process. All cultures are somehow related in between. In my personal opinion I find 4 concepts can be defined summarily as follows: 1. Culture shock is an intense, negative affective response, both psychological and physiological, experienced by new expatriates when faced with unfamiliar symbols, roles, relationships, social cognitions, and behavior; 2. Adjustment is the motivational process whereby sojourners attempt to modify behaviors to decrease negatively interactions and experiences and increase positive ones; 3. Cross-cultural adaptation is the positive consequence of the adjustment process in which behavioral modifications produce neutral or positive affect and successful social interactions; 4. ...read more.


Thus, when I speak of entering a new country or a new culture, I refer to the majority culture of that country. Substantial sociological and anthropological methods exists exploring the long-term adaptation of individuals to a new culture under the framework of immigration and migration. For hundreds of years, movement to a new culture was more permanent than transitory. The long trek across borders seldom was followed by much contact or visits to the "old country." The late 20th century, in contrast, has witnessed an explosion of shorter term cultural transitions of individuals for study, business, government, economic and humanitarian aid, or temporary refuge. Investigations of adjustment to short-term cultural transitions, known as sojourner studies, have been viewed primary through the lens of intercultural communication. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Anthropology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Anthropology essays

  1. My Own Culture - growing up in Malay culture.

    They will have the ceremony by their own ritual. For myself, i also had gone through all the traditional rituals to the wedding process. 10 years back, when my husband (groom) families get the agreement by the my (bride) family, the adat 'bertunang' (engagement custom)

  2. While each Greek meal is fresh and inviting, it is also a trip back ...

    Greeks are warm hospitable people. When meeting someone for the first time, you are to shake their hands firmly, smile and maintain direct eye contact with the other person. This goes for children too. If you are good friends, embraces and kisses on the cheek are more common.

  1. Discuss Free Speech in China Compared to the UK

    However, once again, in order to assess how far the media really impacts freedom of speech, a wider perspective must be taken. Firstly, as my above points mention, the restrictions in the media only affect a small minority: journalists and media outlets.

  2. How do Biblical teachings affect Christians behavior and attitudes?

    Christian Churches encourage congregates to approach a priest/minister for help. The motive is always to repair the marriage and not move away from it. Through the vow of marriage, the Exclusiveness of marriage is highlighted when the couple recites, ?to have and to hold from this day forward.? This statement

  1. I will argue that Canada should continue to develop some regulations to protect its ...

    The Canadian government should regulate cultural industries so we do not lose interest in our own content. Most of our culture in Canada is from foreign sources: ?More than 80% of English-language magazines available in Canada are imported. 88% of new record releases are foreign content.


    College of the Bahamas, access to higher education was limited to few people. However, since its establishment, thousands of Bahamians have improved their status in life through attainment of Associate?s, Bachelor?s and even a Master?s Degree from this institute. Persons are empowered to take control of the future of their families and participate in the up building of society.

  1. A history of Socialism

    Another utopian socialist, Robert Owen, believed that cooperative living could solve the problems of unemployment and poverty. He established New Harmony in 1825 as a utopian community based on the principles of shared work, complete equality, and communal property without a religious basis.

  2. Outline and evaluate cross-cultural studies of gender role.

    the data would have been gathered through participant observation, interviews and questionnaires, all methods whereby the results are easily subject to observer bias. Mead would have had to speculate on what the data potentially meant and acknowledge that her own cultural biases will have affected the interpretation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work