• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An Essay Examining the Genetic Modification of Crops

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Alessandro Marazzani MYP Assignment: An Essay Examining the Genetic Modification of Crops Since developments in genetically modifying crop plants are driven by purely economic considerations, they are of little benefit and pose a threat to us and the environment. Discuss. Genetic modification ?is the use of modern biotechnology techniques to change the genes of an organism, such as a plant or animal?[1]. A genetically modified organism is an animal, plant or other living thing that has been changed through genetic modification. For example, a Genetic Modified crop is a plant that has a variety of genetic material achieved through modern biotechnology. GM crops contain genes artificially inserted, instead of acquiring it through pollination. In addition, Traditional breeding aims to adjust the animal or plant for a specific application. The process includes the crossing of advantageous traits, among individuals, with each other. The aim is that the breed of the cross will have right traits from both parents. However, the breed will have a combination of traits both negative and positive from their parents, so, numerous breeding cycles are needed to cancel the bad traits and construct the positive ones. ...read more.

Middle

In addition, genetic modified crops have a variety of positive factors not only under the economical point. These ?first generation? crops have confirmed the ability to lower farm-level production costs. Now, research aims attention on ?second-generation? GM crops that will include the increase of nutritional and industrial characteristics, therefore it will enrich the food in term of properties. Also, These crops will have more direct benefits to consumers. For example, because of this technology rice can be added with iron, vitamins E and A and with lysine. This will benefit the human health. In addition, potatoes will contain higher inulin content and starch. There is the possibility to enrich edible vaccines in maize, banana and potatoes, in order to improve the quality of the food. Phytic acid in maize can be swapped with amino acids, which are very positive for the body. Besides, healthier oils can be inserted in soybean and canola. There is the possibility for the creation of allergen-free nuts. All of these benefits can consequently bring to social benefits of the population. In fact, if the prices are lower and the quality of the food is improved, it will bring to more competition between food companies, therefore more products will be available on the market. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is the responsibility of the scientists, producers, and the government to make certain that the public safety of the novel foods that they offer. In addition, they will also need to control its effect on the environment. There is also the existence of risks that cannot be caused or able to be averted by the technology itself. ?An example of this sort of risk is the further opening up of the economic gap between developed countries, which utilise the technology, and developing countries, which are nonusers?[4]. These risks, however, can be controlled by establishing technologies adjusts made for the needs of the less developed countries and by establishing laws so that the less fortunate will have access to these new technologies. In conclusion, Genetic modified crops have both negative and positive factors. In my opinion, I believe that the factors of this technology are very good in all the campus of social, economical and environmental campus. However, the main problem is that this technology is new therefore we don?t know the risks. So, I believe that this technology will be very useful in the future, when first scientist will have studied better Genetic Modified crops. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Biology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Biology essays

  1. Isotonic Point of Potatoes

    Graph 1 indicating change in mass, shows that the least change is for the 0.25M solution while the solutions with least change from the 0.25 M solution in the 0.30 M solution.

  2. Environmental Factors affecting plant growth

    Phosphorus plays an important role in plant growth. Phosphorus classified as a component of macronutrient such as ribonucleic acids (RNA), deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), is very essential for plants as it plays an important role in energy storage and transfer reactions during the process of photosynthesis.

  1. IB Genetic Lab

    Although one of the controlled variable was to ensure that all people who were surveyed removed their shoes so that no extra height could be recorded, there was no method of controlling the indicator for the top of an individual's head.

  2. extended essay

    Therapeutic technique "The term "therapeutic cloning", is used to deceive the general public into believing that human cloning is acceptable and beneficial"5, whether "Therapeutic" or not, it is done in the following manner: First of all, scientists obtain DNA from any cell in the body that is not a germ cell, "sperm" or "egg".

  1. Lung Capacity Fitness Level

    spirometer and it can be said that the air is 'collected' by the spirometer so therefore the value will be a positive number. Vital lung capacity = | negative value | + positive value Diagram 1.2: Pasco Spirometer and mouthpiece [5] As human beings are needed for this experiment, there

  2. IB Genetic Unit Notes

    Karyotyping, chromosomes are arranged in pairs according to their size and structure. 4.2.6: State that karyotyping is performed using cells collected by chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis, for pre-natal diagnosis of chromosome abnormalities. Karyotyping is performed using cells collected by chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis, for pre-natal diagnosis of chromosome abnormalities.

  1. gmf. positive and negative drawbacks.

    Therefore until we clarify this question mark we should make sure that the population does not take the risk derived from the consumption of these products. On the other side there are critics who state that the EU want to avoid the farther growth in crops that GM seeds will

  2. Biology SL Lab Report - Genetically Modified Crops and Health

    In a paddy field I will plant 500 seedlings. Through previous research, I have learned that it takes 3 months for a rice plant to reach maturity and be ready for its harvest. My experiment will last a year and two months, meaning I will have 4 harvests.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work