• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Biology experiment. Investigating the effect of temperature on the surface tension of water

Extracts from this document...


BIOLOGY HIGHER LEVEL Internal Assessment Investigating the effect of temperature on the surface tension of water November 2010 Research Question Will increasing the temperature affect the surface tension of water? Hypothesis If the temperature of the water is increased, then it will reduce the capacity of the surface tension as increasing temperature increases the kinetic energy of the water molecules, causing them to move faster, thus having less cohesive forces and surface tension. Safety Figure I: Risk assessment of possible hazards Hazard Reason Precaution Hot water Water at higher temperatures can burn Handle hot water with care and avoid touching Hot plate At high temperatures the hot plate can burn Handle hot plate with care and avoid touching surface Variables Figure II: Independent, dependent and controlled variables in the experiment Type of Variable Variable Range of Values or Method of Control Independent Temperature of the water From 10.0oC to 50.0oC Dependent Number of drops coin can hold Taken from number of drops that coin holds before it overflows and breaks (excludes the drop that made it overflow) Controlled Temperature When a specific temperature is needed for the water and coin, it will be controlled by the water bath. ...read more.


(� 0.6oC) Trial Number of drops coin can hold (� 1 drop) 10.0 1 55 2 54 3 56 4 55 5 55 20.0 1 51 2 48 3 49 4 50 5 50 30.0 1 39 2 40 3 40 4 42 5 39 40.0 1 34 2 32 3 32 4 31 5 33 50.0 1 27 2 29 3 28 4 27 5 28 Figure IV: Qualitative data collected from experiment Temperature of water (oC) (� 0.6oC) Trial Qualitative observations 10.0 1 Shape: water approximately 70mm in height, quite angular at top edge 2 3 4 5 20.0 1 Shape: water approximately 65mm in height, quite angular at top edge 2 3 4 5 30.0 1 Shape: water approximately 58mm in height, slightly rounded at top edge 2 3 4 5 40.0 1 Shape: water approximately 48mm in height, rounded at top edge 2 3 4 5 50.0 1 Shape: water approximately 40mm in height, more flat than round at top edge 2 3 4 5 Data Processing Figure VI: Calculated values obtained from experiment Temperature of water (oC) (� 0.6oC) Average number of drops the coin could hold (2 sig. ...read more.


The result values were also quite similar. There was no great deviation and the results fell within acceptable differences. The advantage in this experiment was the counting of the droplets, which had clear distinctions. However, there were a few limitations in this experiment. There were possible sources of random error. One possible source of error was an inconsistent experimental technique. As this experiment requires precision of individual technique, especially with the dropping of droplets, this could possibly be the largest source of random error. However, this was minimised through the repeated trials. Temperature fluctuation is also another source of possible error. While the water bath and hot plate can control the temperature, the water in the pipette could fluctuate. But this can be reduced by quickly performing the experiment for each trial. Also, there were possible systematic errors in this experiment. If the equipment was calibrated incorrectly, it would affect the values. Further improvements could also be proposed for this experiment. A trial run for each temperature can be performed in order to gauge an approximation for the surface tension which would ensure that the first result does have a great difference between the others. More repeats, such as 10 trials, would be also beneficial to the nature of this experiment. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 2 of 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Biology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Biology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Osmosis Internal Assessment (Biology)

    4 star(s)

    Using a cylindrical borer, bore 5 cylindrical strips (1cm in diameter) out of a Potato. 4. Using the ruler, measure each strip and cut into pieces that are 4 cm long. 5. Place each potato strip on a fresh paper towel to drain off excess juices.

  2. Biology- Extended essay. For this research, I investigated the effects of DDT and ...

    76 75 71 72 72.8 73.6 2.59 2.92 C 76 70 78 70 74 73.6 3.58 D 79 71 73 74 78 75 3.39 E 72 76 76 71 70 73 2.83 0.12 A 76 72 72 72 72 72.8 1.79 B 69 72 74 70 70 71 70.96 2.00

  1. Penicillin - its discovery, properties and uses.

    The result were dramatic, for the mice treated with penicillin survived in good health and those not treated died. They were confirmed when the experiment was repeated the next day. After two month of the mouse experiment, Howard and his colleague published an article entitled "Penicillin as a Chemotherapeutic Agent"21.

  2. Body Temperature Experiment

    Let the water heat up until it begins to bubble. 5. Record the room temperature with a thermometer. 6. Using the tongs, take the beaker off the wire gauze and carefully pour water in the measuring cylinder. Fill the measuring cylinder up to 100ml.

  1. The effect of pvc piping on the breathing/heart rates of male year 12 students

    rest for 1 minute 6- Subject is required to inhale through 25cm pipe for 30 seconds 7-Heart rate is recorded for 1 minute 8- Repeat steps 5, 6 and 7 for pipe lengths 50cm, 75cm and 100cm. Breathing rate 1-Subject is asked to sit down and breathe normally 2- Time

  2. Lung Capacity Fitness Level

    - scores 23 to 24 * Extremely high - scores 25 to 32 The five fitness level groups are the independent variables for this experiment and the respective vital lung capacity is the dependent variable. Each participant's vital lung capacity will be tested three times.

  1. Allelopathy. Open Investigation Will increasing the number of allelopathic sunflower plants effect the ...

    - 25 � Grower's Pride Dwarf Bean Tender Green seeds - 50 � D.T Brown Sunflower seeds - 25 � REKO 6006 100mm STD Black plastic Pots - 1 � Plastic box (L600mm � W400mm �D200mm)

  2. The effect of toliet cleaning products on E-coli ...

    (A Olsen, pg 1, 1995) Hence the effectiveness of toilet cleaning products at removing e coli bacteria can be examined; additionally the effectiveness of the individual brands can be examined. In the Bauer test diameters affected by the substance shall have a lighter complexion to its surroundings.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work