• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bionics and Prosthetics - the future possibilities.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Bionics and Prosthetics - The Human Machine By Arjun Kalburgi Bionics and Prosthetics - The Human Machine By Arjun Kalburgi Introduction The most significant part of our world is that all of the world?s fields and areas of knowledge can relate to each other even in the most farfetched ways. By connecting these different faculties together, one can create new fields that can greatly help our world and the human population. One of the most successful collaborations of two different fields is technology and human biology, namely bionics. Another name for bionics is biomimicry; this name better illustrates the purpose of the subject as machine replacing or amplifying human biological movements. Long has this subject been limited to sticks and hooks; however, recent technological advancements have allowed for prosthetics controlled by thought. This is what this essay will revolve around: the neurobiology of the human body, bionics and prosthetics/neuroprosthetics and the future of bionics. Part One - The Neurobiology of the Human Body The human body is a brilliant machine on its own. ...read more.

Middle

Prosthetics historically were called upon generally for war amputations, ?The first recorded instance of amputations and prosthetic replacement appears in the book of the Vedas, written in Sanskrit in India ... believed to have been compiled between 3,500 and 1,800 B.C. It records that the leg of Queen Vishpla was amputated in battle. After healing of the repaired wound, an iron leg was fitted to enable Queen Vishpla to walk and to return to the battlefield.? [Vanderwerker] Since then, amputations and prosthetics have become more comfortable. As well, the technology of the art has become more advanced and more varied as different situations occurred like the introduction to gun powder. Today Neuroprosthetics allows the prosthetics to read the impulses the brain sends to the amputated limbs and cause corresponding effectors to react. The human impulse can be connected to the prosthetic in several ways, the two most common is to place highly precise sensors on the body so that when the signal comes it can be detected and a new signal sent through the machine and to connect each individual neuron via artificial synapses to send the message through. ...read more.

Conclusion

?The technology is based on electroencephalography (EEG), the study of how brain activity ... excites neurons to emit brain waves. This electrical activity originates in the brain but is transported along the central nervous system. [Wearing the BodyWave anywhere on the skin will send signals where] the sensors register the electrical charges that occur in your brain when you concentrate hard. That synchrony produces a unique electrical signature that can be measured. When you stop concentrating, the synchrony breaks and the signature changes. The BodyWave then transmits this change through a simple receiver plugged into a USB port.?[Cloud] Through this technology, a computer will be able to carry out any task you wish. Like with any aspiring technology, the potential for that technology to grow, with any tweaks and innovations, is unlimited. Conclusion Biology and technology are two growing, changing and relevant fields that are always thought to be two completely different fields. However, it is important to remember how mechanical our own bodies are and how advances in mechanical technology can mimic biological mechanics. From one field of science, we can advance the other. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Biology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Biology essays

  1. Biology Extended Essay 2009

    replacing the lost in thermal processing to prevent microbial spoilage of juice. From consuming processed orange juice, there are two causes of impacts on human health, the addition of preservatives and artificial sweetener. The major one is artificial sweeteners, in this case refers to fructose.

  2. extended essay

    At this point one might ask how it is possible to form a human life without uniting the sperm with the egg. In a standard process of fertilization and embryo formation, the egg and sperm cells have less than one copy of the DNA essential for the formation of a entirely functional human being.

  1. DNA; Past, Present, and Future

    This error was only rectified in 1937, when William Astbury brought forth the first X-ray diffraction patterns showing DNA's regular structure. Additionally, in 1928: Frederick Griffith discovered that traits of the "smooth" form of the Pneumococcus could be transferred to the "rough" form of the same bacteria by mixing killed "smooth" bacteria with the live "rough" form.

  2. Phantom Limb Syndrome

    It may seem basic; however, not until recently have scientists figured out the real cause. Before 1990s, scientists believed that the nervous system was fixed, meaning that certain parts of the brain receive signals from certain nerves and vice versa.

  1. Activated sludge wastewater treatment system and method

    With an increased awareness of problems with water quality, particularly those caused by the discharge of wastewater from industrial sources, has come a demand for improved equipment and methods to treat wastewater prior to discharging it into a sewer, as surface water, or to other destination for effluent discharge.

  2. Ecosystem Field Walk

    I did not see many spider webs, but the one I found was in between two bushes. The spider may have adapted to form a small web such as the one I found due to having its bigger webs destroyed by students walking through campus.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work