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Bionics and Prosthetics - the future possibilities.

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Introduction

´╗┐Bionics and Prosthetics - The Human Machine By Arjun Kalburgi Bionics and Prosthetics - The Human Machine By Arjun Kalburgi Introduction The most significant part of our world is that all of the world?s fields and areas of knowledge can relate to each other even in the most farfetched ways. By connecting these different faculties together, one can create new fields that can greatly help our world and the human population. One of the most successful collaborations of two different fields is technology and human biology, namely bionics. Another name for bionics is biomimicry; this name better illustrates the purpose of the subject as machine replacing or amplifying human biological movements. Long has this subject been limited to sticks and hooks; however, recent technological advancements have allowed for prosthetics controlled by thought. This is what this essay will revolve around: the neurobiology of the human body, bionics and prosthetics/neuroprosthetics and the future of bionics. Part One - The Neurobiology of the Human Body The human body is a brilliant machine on its own. ...read more.

Middle

Prosthetics historically were called upon generally for war amputations, ?The first recorded instance of amputations and prosthetic replacement appears in the book of the Vedas, written in Sanskrit in India ... believed to have been compiled between 3,500 and 1,800 B.C. It records that the leg of Queen Vishpla was amputated in battle. After healing of the repaired wound, an iron leg was fitted to enable Queen Vishpla to walk and to return to the battlefield.? [Vanderwerker] Since then, amputations and prosthetics have become more comfortable. As well, the technology of the art has become more advanced and more varied as different situations occurred like the introduction to gun powder. Today Neuroprosthetics allows the prosthetics to read the impulses the brain sends to the amputated limbs and cause corresponding effectors to react. The human impulse can be connected to the prosthetic in several ways, the two most common is to place highly precise sensors on the body so that when the signal comes it can be detected and a new signal sent through the machine and to connect each individual neuron via artificial synapses to send the message through. ...read more.

Conclusion

?The technology is based on electroencephalography (EEG), the study of how brain activity ... excites neurons to emit brain waves. This electrical activity originates in the brain but is transported along the central nervous system. [Wearing the BodyWave anywhere on the skin will send signals where] the sensors register the electrical charges that occur in your brain when you concentrate hard. That synchrony produces a unique electrical signature that can be measured. When you stop concentrating, the synchrony breaks and the signature changes. The BodyWave then transmits this change through a simple receiver plugged into a USB port.?[Cloud] Through this technology, a computer will be able to carry out any task you wish. Like with any aspiring technology, the potential for that technology to grow, with any tweaks and innovations, is unlimited. Conclusion Biology and technology are two growing, changing and relevant fields that are always thought to be two completely different fields. However, it is important to remember how mechanical our own bodies are and how advances in mechanical technology can mimic biological mechanics. From one field of science, we can advance the other. ...read more.

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