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Genetic engineering has been a controversial topic

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Introduction

´╗┐Chris Yim 11.6 Biology 1/4/201 Ms. Leggett Genetic engineering has been an controversial topic due to the many sides that it has an impact on. Some say that genetic engineering can aid the environment, since genes could be manipulated in trees to absorb more CO2 to reduce the threat of global warming[1]- while others ( also in some religious beliefs) ) think that the humans should not have the right to manipulate the laws and course of nature. In this essay, I will contrast the overall impact it has brought upon society and come to a conclusion. The definition of genetic engineering ( also known as genetic modification ) is ?the alteration of genetic code by artificial means, which is different compared to from traditional selective breeding? [2]. Genetic engineering as the direct manipulation of DNA by humans outside breeding and mutations has only existed since the 1970s. The key event to modern genetic engineering began in the 1970s when(1972) Paul Berg created the first recombinant DNA molecules, and when (1973) Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen created the first transgenic organism by inserting antibiotic resistance genes into the plasmid of an E. coli bacterium. Genetic engineering is a complicated procedure which is divided into 7 steps; Isolation the gene, Construction, Gene targeting, Transformation, Selection, Regeneration and Confirmation. The gene to be inserted into the genetically modified organism must be chosen and isolated for identification. ...read more.

Middle

surrounding availability of genetic information, which basically answers the Social Concerns Arising from the New Genetics.[4] Genetic modified foods?s effect on the economy is also notable. Genetic modified foods include crops, vegetables and fruit that have been created using genetic engineering methods. They are more productive and have a larger yield while also offering more nutritional value and better flavor[5], which means it has an advantage over natural foods.The fact that they are more productive means that it is more quantitative compared to natural foods, meaning it would lower the food prices ( for countries that has genetically modified foods), which ( in the long term) would indefinitely balance the wealth spread between the rich and the poor. As of 2006, 252 million acres of genetically modified crops are planted in 22 countries by 10.3 million farmers, which indicates the influence of genetic engineering.[6] Some have even suggested that genetically modified foods is a possible solution for world hunger ( though this theory is not entirely correct since statistics show that it is the political system which disarrays the distribution of food in the world ).The drawback of Genetic modified foods is that it requires high maintenance and regulation from the government to ensure the safety of the foods. Another main concern is that genetically modified foods has unknown effects on human health[7], since the processing of introducing a gene to plants may cause unexpected results- which means that genetically modified foods are still not completely reliable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/genetically-modified-foods-advantages-and-dangers.html -Baxamusa, B. N. (n.d.). Genetic Engineering in Humans. Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/genetic-engineering-in-humans.html -7 Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?. (n.d.). ProQuest. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php ________________ [1] Genetic Engineering Advantages & Disadvantages - Biology Online. (n.d.). Life Science Reference - Biology Online. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://www.biology-online.org/2/13_genetic_engineering.htm [2] Genetic Engineering: What Is Genetic Engineering?. (n.d.). globalchange.com. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://www.globalchange.com/geneticengin.htm [3] What is gene therapy? - Genetics Home Reference. (n.d.). Genetics Home Reference - Your guide to understanding genetic conditions. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/therapy/genetherapy [4] Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues --Genome Research. (n.d.). Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/elsi.shtml [5] Panse, . (n.d.). The Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Food: A Look at the Pros and Cons of GM Food. Find Health, Education, Science & Technology Articles, Reviews, How-To and Tech Tips At Bright Hub - Apply To Be A Writer Today!. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://www.brighthub.com/science/genetics/articles/23358.aspx [6] -K, M. (n.d.). Genetically Modified Foods: Advantages and Dangers. Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/genetically-modified-foods-advantages-and-dangers.html [7] Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?. (n.d.). ProQuest. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php [8] -Baxamusa, B. N. (n.d.). Genetic Engineering in Humans. Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/genetic-engineering-in-humans.html [9] Effects of Genetic Engineering. (n.d.). Disabled World. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from www.disabled-world.com/artman/publish/genetic-engineering.shtml ...read more.

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