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Therapeutic Uses of Stem Cells

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Introduction

´╗┐Nepomuceno Kayla-kae Nepomuceno Ms. Stallings IB Biology Period 1 13 September 2012 The Therapeutic Uses of Stem Cells in Humans The human body structure is exceedingly complex and is composed of various types of cells. Amongst the numerous cells is the stem cell, which is an unspecialized cell that is able to give rise to one or more specialized cells. A more specific type of stem cell is the embryonic stem cell, which can be developed in a laboratory and can perpetuate themselves if contained in suitable conditions. ...read more.

Middle

Two of the therapeutic uses for stem cells are for treating Parkinson?s disease by replacing the deteriorating cells and for growing new heart cells to repair damaged heart cells from heart attacks. Stem cells are utilized to effectively replace the degenerating and lost neurons in the brain of Parkinson?s disease patients. Patients diagnosed with Parkinson?s disease continually lose neurons accountable for producing dopamine. It has a direct effect on the patient?s motor skills and they lose control of their limbs, and possibly may lead to immobilization. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is to be said that this type of treatment would be a long-term treatment, but is more effective than any current medications (White). In addition to that, stem cells are capable of repairing damaged heart cells harmed from heart attacks. In this cardiac disease, it is not possible to replace the lost muscle, which can prominently lead to a heart failure or eventually death. Stem cells effectively restore these lost heart muscle cells. The stem cell?s differentiation is enhanced in the damage heart, and efficiently reduces heart failure and endorses muscle formation in the heart. ...read more.

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