• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Employment Discrimination- An Introduction

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Employment Discrimination Discrimination in the workplace- An introduction According to the International labor organization, employment discrimination is said to be ?any distinction, exclusion or preference made on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin which has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity and treatment in employment or occupation.? Employment discrimination is a problem faced by nearly every country in the world, and has been since time immemorial. It occurs frequently when employers influence their hiring, promotion or wage allotments with their own personal opinions or prejudices against a certain homogenous group, race, gender or aspects of an individual?s views on various topics that have no impact on his or her ability to perform his job such as political affiliation or standing on sexual orientation. Though extensive progress has been made against many of the most commonly known and accepted prejudices such as racism and sexism, many of the newer forms of discrimination and even some of the old ones including transgender issues, religious scruples as well as age and medical health remain commonly practiced to some extent in most countries, including first world western countries such as the United States where issues pertaining to sexual orientation and transvestites remain strongly entrenched in the employment and promotion system. ...read more.


Laws against employment discrimination were enacted in Article 15, which prohibits discrimination on the grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, or any of them. This right can be enforced against the State as well as private individuals, with regard to free access to places of public entertainment or places of public resort maintained partly or wholly out of State funds and Article 16, which guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment and prevents the State from discriminating against anyone in matters of employment on the grounds, but once again only on account of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, and place of residence. However, it is worthy of note that there are no precedents in the Indian constitution for many of the newer forms of discrimination such as sexual orientation (homosexuality was banned in India until recently), transvestitism and age as well as medical health or physical appearance (disabilities). It may be beneficial for the constitution to be amended to include articles pertaining to these newer forms of workplace discrimination that have pervaded not only India, but the majority of civilized nations in the world. ...read more.


General secretary Brendan Barber said employers should fully use older staff, while the government should give older workers a choice about how and when they retire. Ageist practices may also adversely affect youngsters, where younger applicants are passed over due to their employers prejudice against youth, who are unfairly deemed to be unreliable and inexperienced despite their oftentimes impressive mental faculties. Many nations have laws against ageism such as the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which prohibits employment discrimination against individuals who are 40 years of age or older in the USA, but no laws against ageism currently exist in India. Conclusion It is evident that forms of discrimination in workplaces throughout the world have always existed, and old discriminatory ideas are morphing into newer issues such as transgender and sexual orientation controversies, ageist practices and medical health based discrimination. Possible solutions include the passing of new laws and edicts, however a fundamental aspect of education needs to be changed or preserved to make sure every individual and future company ?boss? or managing staff member is provided with an extremely open minded and universal education without any traditional forms of bigotry. This issue can only end with the mending of cultural, social or other kinds of dislike for specific homogenous groups, genders or other kinds of people. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Business Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Business Studies essays

  1. Project Management - planning an all inclusive carnival concert in the North Western end ...

    To obtain all relevant permits and licence for the event such as Bar License and Noise Permits Environmental Factors: The regulations and policies of the country should be adhered to such as not littering and the music should be over a certain level.

  2. Analysing Job sectors in Canada. Identify trends in employment and occupational demand patterns for ...

    From 1990 to 2003, employment in manufacturing decreased by 29% in the United Kingdom, 24% in Japan, 20% in Belgium and Sweden, and 14% in France. Ireland was the only country to experience impressive growth (25%). However, this growth was in the specific context of an influx of foreign investment

  1. Corruption in India. This study focuses only on the corruption experienced by the ...

    Computerization and issue of tickets for rail journeys and competition in the Telecom Sector have ensured that the common citizen does not have to offer bribes for rail tickets and telephone connections. (This not to suggest that there is no corruption in the procurement processes of either the Railway or Telecommunication Department).

  2. Orgnizationl, Theory, Change & Culture

    In a "cross functional team", like an executive committee, the boss has to be a non-expert, because so many kinds of expertise are required. Organization: Cyclical structure A theory put forth by renowned scholar Stephen John has asserted that throughout the cyclical nature of one's life organizational patterns are key to success.

  1. Accounting terms Revision notes.

    A person who enjoys starting a new business and is willing to take risks. Favourable variance. When the variance between actual and budgeted figures results in higher profits. Financial accounting. Gathering and publishing information to do with the finances of a company.

  2. What non financial motivations can Ocean Exim India Pvt. Ltd. use to increase labor ...

    Being a part of this export business from almost two decade, this was the first time that Ocean Exim, reportedly got complains from its customers. The possible reason for this problem could be decrease in the firm's labor productivity and increase in its labor turnover.

  1. The Career of Sheryl Sandberg - Chief Operating Officer of Facebook, A voice for ...

    She was briefly married to Washington businessman Brian Kraff after her MBA but they divorced very soon. Sheryl married her longtime best friend David Goldberg on April 17, 2004 when she was 34 years old in Carefree, Arizona.

  2. Questions on Globalisation and International Trade

    This improved technology will not only make it easier for individuals and companies in different countries to conduct business with one another, but will also further decrease the cost of communications. These improvements will undoubtedly hasten the already rapid pace of globalization.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work