• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Employment Discrimination- An Introduction

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Employment Discrimination Discrimination in the workplace- An introduction According to the International labor organization, employment discrimination is said to be ?any distinction, exclusion or preference made on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin which has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity and treatment in employment or occupation.? Employment discrimination is a problem faced by nearly every country in the world, and has been since time immemorial. It occurs frequently when employers influence their hiring, promotion or wage allotments with their own personal opinions or prejudices against a certain homogenous group, race, gender or aspects of an individual?s views on various topics that have no impact on his or her ability to perform his job such as political affiliation or standing on sexual orientation. Though extensive progress has been made against many of the most commonly known and accepted prejudices such as racism and sexism, many of the newer forms of discrimination and even some of the old ones including transgender issues, religious scruples as well as age and medical health remain commonly practiced to some extent in most countries, including first world western countries such as the United States where issues pertaining to sexual orientation and transvestites remain strongly entrenched in the employment and promotion system. ...read more.

Middle

Laws against employment discrimination were enacted in Article 15, which prohibits discrimination on the grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, or any of them. This right can be enforced against the State as well as private individuals, with regard to free access to places of public entertainment or places of public resort maintained partly or wholly out of State funds and Article 16, which guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment and prevents the State from discriminating against anyone in matters of employment on the grounds, but once again only on account of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, and place of residence. However, it is worthy of note that there are no precedents in the Indian constitution for many of the newer forms of discrimination such as sexual orientation (homosexuality was banned in India until recently), transvestitism and age as well as medical health or physical appearance (disabilities). It may be beneficial for the constitution to be amended to include articles pertaining to these newer forms of workplace discrimination that have pervaded not only India, but the majority of civilized nations in the world. ...read more.

Conclusion

General secretary Brendan Barber said employers should fully use older staff, while the government should give older workers a choice about how and when they retire. Ageist practices may also adversely affect youngsters, where younger applicants are passed over due to their employers prejudice against youth, who are unfairly deemed to be unreliable and inexperienced despite their oftentimes impressive mental faculties. Many nations have laws against ageism such as the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which prohibits employment discrimination against individuals who are 40 years of age or older in the USA, but no laws against ageism currently exist in India. Conclusion It is evident that forms of discrimination in workplaces throughout the world have always existed, and old discriminatory ideas are morphing into newer issues such as transgender and sexual orientation controversies, ageist practices and medical health based discrimination. Possible solutions include the passing of new laws and edicts, however a fundamental aspect of education needs to be changed or preserved to make sure every individual and future company ?boss? or managing staff member is provided with an extremely open minded and universal education without any traditional forms of bigotry. This issue can only end with the mending of cultural, social or other kinds of dislike for specific homogenous groups, genders or other kinds of people. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Business Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Business Studies essays

  1. Difference in working culture of Malaysia & Singapore

    In 1990 GohChok Tong succeeded Lee as prime minister. During his tenure the country faced the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, the 2003 SARS outbreak and terrorist threats posed by Jemaah Islamiyah. In 2004, Lee HsienLoong, the eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew, became the country's third prime minister.

  2. Accounting terms Revision notes.

    the borrower putting up land or property as a guarantee against failure to pay back loan. Stock exchange. The market for trading securities (stocks and shares). Variable costs. Costs which vary with output e.g. raw materials. Venture capital. This is used for a medium sized business when they need extra

  1. Analysing Job sectors in Canada. Identify trends in employment and occupational demand patterns for ...

    This represented an employment rate of 45%, down from 48% in 2007/2008, just before the economic downturn. Nevertheless, these rates were well above those during the 1970s when 25% of students were employed. Almost all students employed during the 2009/2010 school year worked in the service sector (96%), with 36% in retail trade and 18% in food services.

  2. Project Management - planning an all inclusive carnival concert in the North Western end ...

    For any project there are typically four stages, these are Initiating, Planning, Executing and Closure which is known as the Project life Cycle. Stage 1- Initiation Stage. The principles of Project Management states that you should make sure that your business is viable.

  1. Working With Leading People British Airways

    Work experience is a bonus, but could also be seen as a necessity, especially when hiring applicants for jobs more higher responsibility. Steady employment show responsibility and reliability, but if the applicant has been in the same job for a long period of time with no evidence of development within

  2. Questions on Globalisation and International Trade

    products, develop better advertising campaigns, invent new products, etc., all in the hopes of accumulating additional personal capital and wealth. In turn, the constant search on the part of individuals and corporation to accumulate wealth enriches the entire economy and creates economic growth.

  1. The Career of Sheryl Sandberg - Chief Operating Officer of Facebook, A voice for ...

    beginning of the day, there would be thirty check marks at the end of the day. If I was making a mistake, she told me. She was totally loyal, but totally in my face? (Auletta, 2011). When the Democratic party lost in 2000, Sheryl decided to move to Silicon Valley

  2. Case Study of IKEA with Indian Rugs and Child Labour

    However, these developing countries such as India, Pakistan and Nepal are facing a lot of social issues about human rights. When IKEA set its foot in these countries, it could not avoid these problems. For example in India, estimates of child labor in India vary from the government?s 1991 census

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work