• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Employment Discrimination- An Introduction

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Employment Discrimination Discrimination in the workplace- An introduction According to the International labor organization, employment discrimination is said to be ?any distinction, exclusion or preference made on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin which has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity and treatment in employment or occupation.? Employment discrimination is a problem faced by nearly every country in the world, and has been since time immemorial. It occurs frequently when employers influence their hiring, promotion or wage allotments with their own personal opinions or prejudices against a certain homogenous group, race, gender or aspects of an individual?s views on various topics that have no impact on his or her ability to perform his job such as political affiliation or standing on sexual orientation. Though extensive progress has been made against many of the most commonly known and accepted prejudices such as racism and sexism, many of the newer forms of discrimination and even some of the old ones including transgender issues, religious scruples as well as age and medical health remain commonly practiced to some extent in most countries, including first world western countries such as the United States where issues pertaining to sexual orientation and transvestites remain strongly entrenched in the employment and promotion system. ...read more.

Middle

Laws against employment discrimination were enacted in Article 15, which prohibits discrimination on the grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, or any of them. This right can be enforced against the State as well as private individuals, with regard to free access to places of public entertainment or places of public resort maintained partly or wholly out of State funds and Article 16, which guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment and prevents the State from discriminating against anyone in matters of employment on the grounds, but once again only on account of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, and place of residence. However, it is worthy of note that there are no precedents in the Indian constitution for many of the newer forms of discrimination such as sexual orientation (homosexuality was banned in India until recently), transvestitism and age as well as medical health or physical appearance (disabilities). It may be beneficial for the constitution to be amended to include articles pertaining to these newer forms of workplace discrimination that have pervaded not only India, but the majority of civilized nations in the world. ...read more.

Conclusion

General secretary Brendan Barber said employers should fully use older staff, while the government should give older workers a choice about how and when they retire. Ageist practices may also adversely affect youngsters, where younger applicants are passed over due to their employers prejudice against youth, who are unfairly deemed to be unreliable and inexperienced despite their oftentimes impressive mental faculties. Many nations have laws against ageism such as the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which prohibits employment discrimination against individuals who are 40 years of age or older in the USA, but no laws against ageism currently exist in India. Conclusion It is evident that forms of discrimination in workplaces throughout the world have always existed, and old discriminatory ideas are morphing into newer issues such as transgender and sexual orientation controversies, ageist practices and medical health based discrimination. Possible solutions include the passing of new laws and edicts, however a fundamental aspect of education needs to be changed or preserved to make sure every individual and future company ?boss? or managing staff member is provided with an extremely open minded and universal education without any traditional forms of bigotry. This issue can only end with the mending of cultural, social or other kinds of dislike for specific homogenous groups, genders or other kinds of people. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Business Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Business Studies essays

  1. Project Management - planning an all inclusive carnival concert in the North Western end ...

    the tickets will be electronic so they just have to swipe the card to gain entry and exit Legal Factors: In organising the event, the Health and Safety rules and regulations should be followed Ensure that contracts and documents are drawn up for all artistes, entertainers, security and caters.

  2. Analysing Job sectors in Canada. Identify trends in employment and occupational demand patterns for ...

    Mexico, Spain, and, to a lesser extent, Canada and New Zealand were the only other countries to increase manufacturing jobs from 1990 to 2003. The last available year for purposes of international comparisons being 2003, the result for Canada does reflect the significant job losses since 2004.

  1. What non financial motivations can Ocean Exim India Pvt. Ltd. use to increase labor ...

    Ltd. - Interview the HR manager. - Survey among the labors and interview with few of them to find out what they actually want. Secondary Research: - Review of the problems faced by Ocean Exim India Pvt.

  2. Corruption in India. This study focuses only on the corruption experienced by the ...

    We also believe that as the common citizens take a stand to combat petty corruption, the large corruption will automatically reduce. In our 2002 study we had covered ten departments. Two of these i.e Railways and Telecom, have been left out in our new study.

  1. Orgnizationl, Theory, Change & Culture

    Furthermore, the individual's overall organizational skills are pre-determined by the processes undertaken.: Matrix organization This organizational type assigns each worker two bosses in two different hierarchies. One hierarchy is "functional" and assures that each type of expert in the organization is well-trained, and measured by a boss who is super-expert in the same field.

  2. MG 309 Strategic Management

    Business Strategy is part of Business Exchange,... moreA good business strategy defines the direction and scope of an organization over the long-term, and will advance the company's resources and meet market needs. According to Kathryn: Business level strategy is difficult to measure construct that can differ from competitor to compete within the same industry.

  1. Accounting terms Revision notes.

    A person who enjoys starting a new business and is willing to take risks. Favourable variance. When the variance between actual and budgeted figures results in higher profits. Financial accounting. Gathering and publishing information to do with the finances of a company.

  2. Questions on Globalisation and International Trade

    an international business must find ways to work within the limits imposed by government intervention in the international trade and investment system; and (4) international transactions involve converting money into different currencies. As a result of these differences, there are ample reasons for studying international business as a specific field of study or discipline.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work