• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of two different types of organizational structure.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Title: Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of two different types of organizational structure. Whether small or large, formal or informal, each organization has a structure. Throughout history, the issue of how to establish an effective structure or whether the structure is good or not for an organization has been discussed and researched by managers and theorists in many fields. Organizational structure, defined by Mintzberg (1980) as an aggregation of ways that divide its labor into different tasks and achieve coordination in these tasks, determines the form and function of organizational activities (Moorhead & Griffin, 1995) and establishes a set of relationships among activities regularly (Ficham & Rhodes 2005). It has also been noted that traditional structures, like bureaucratic and divisionalized structure (Mintzberg, 1980), tend to be steady, while modern ones, such as matrix and network structure (Kates & Galbraith, 2007), tend to be flexible. However, no one has seemed to affirm one structure could totally exceed another, as it was stated by Donaldson (1985:155) that ?no one best way?. On this basis, this essay is going to assess both merits and demerits of two most typical organizational structures selected from classical types and modern types, which is known as bureaucratic structure and matrix structure. ...read more.

Middle

and Mintzberg (1993), it still exists in a number of industrial companies in modern society (Fincham and Rhodes, 2005), because it has brought many benefits to business and employees. The most significant advantage is that tasks tend to be accomplished more efficiently and effectively in a bureaucratic structure. On the basis of highly developed division of labor and specialization of tasks, according to Mintzberg(1980), each member thus could know clearly what exactly they should do. Meanwhile, offering detailed and precise rules of the responsibility and duties of each position could also reduce the cost of transaction between staff and managers, mentioned by Jones (2001). This is because ways of rewarding, punishing or how they work are all regulated in the rules (ibid), which means that employees just need to follow the direction set by the authority and are unnecessary to further question about the work or identify their roles repeatedly. Furthermore, bureaucratic organizational structure could also provide a stable environment for staff. In a description of Mintzberg (1993), all functions are defined in a settled place of activity. Thus, roles in bureaucratic organization are less likely to move, which could ensure the stability of organization and might also help the staff improve a skill and be competitive in the area in which they have expertise on a long-term basis. ...read more.

Conclusion

________________ Reference: Burns, T. & Stalker, G.M. (1961) The Management of Innovation. London: Tavistock Publications. Davis, S.M. & Lawrence, P.R. (1978) ?Problem of Matrix Organizations?. Harvard Business Review, 68: 131-142. Donaldson,L.(1985) In Defence of Organization Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Fincham, R. & Rhodes, P. S. (2005) Principles of Organizational Behaviour (4th edn). New York, US: Oxford University Press. Jones, G. R. (2001) Organizational Theory (3rd edn.) New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Kates, A. & Galbraith, J. R. (2007) Designing Your Organization: Using the Star Model to Solve 5 Critical Design Challenges. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Lawrence, P.R., Kolodny, H.F. & Davis, S.M. (1977) ?The Human Side of the Matrix'. Organizational Dynamics, 6(1): 43-61. Merton, R.K. (1940) ?Bureaucratic Structure and Personality?, Social Forces, 18: 560-8. Mintzberg, H. (1980). ?Structure in 5's: a Synthesis of the Research on Organization Design?. Management Science, 26(3): 322-341. Mintzberg, H. (1993) Structure in Fives: Designing Effective Organizations, Englewood, US: Prentice-Hall. Moorhead, G. & Griffin, R.W. (1995) Organizational Behavior: Managing people and organizations (4th edn). Boston, U.S.A: Houghton Mifflin Company. Offe, C. (1976) Industry and Inequality. London: Edward Arnold. Weber, M. (1947) The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. translated from German by A.R. Henderson and T. Parsons. New York: Free Press. ________________ Appendices Appendix 1: Bureaucratic organizational structure ________________ Appendix 2: Matrix organizational structure ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Business Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Business Studies essays

  1. Advance Professional Development

    Self review is an important step towards personal development, with person taking responsibility for their own learning and for choosing the means to achieve this; it increases capacity of your thinking and willingness towards your judgment and taking responsibility for yourself.

  2. Identify and describe all the types of information and communication technology (ICT) from pages ...

    The advantage over normal notice boards is that it can be kept up to date. Their main disadvantages are that they are limited to particular locations in the business and the information may not be relevant to everyone. Fax Machines Faxes are similar to emails but information is already printed on paper in the form of text or image.

  1. Leadership styles and analysis of my leadership skills.

    while below 60 is bottom quartile. This analysis indicated that there are five development behaviors, namely: Diagnosing team development, managing the forming stage, managing the confirming stage, managing the storming stage and finally, managing the performing stage (How Good Am I at Building and Leading a Team -Working with Others- Leadership and Team Skills Assessment: WEB LINK, February, 2010).

  2. Business Project

    And built in power-management features like Energy Saver can save British school even more money. * Mac can run both Windows and Mac 0SX; you can have two operating systems on a single computer. Mac also comes with many innovative learning services built in to help students chat, blog and podcast.

  1. The Main advantages and disadvantages of mixed economy system

    Methods used and structure of the paper Main methods used in this course paper: * Graphical method * Analysis of comparison * Method of classification In the theoretical basis main economic systems were described. Also main advantages and disadvantages of each system were distinguished.

  2. How Does Google's Organisational Structure Contribute to its Innovative Nature?

    on individual projects can be compared to a matrix structure, where you also have small groups of people specializing in different areas contributing to a single product. What is unique to Google though is that most companies will use a matrix structure for specific projects while keeping most of the

  1. Marketing. In my project, I am going to be looking at how Nestls Smarties ...

    The sales growth slows then stabilises. There is a lot of competition and products aim to differentiate themselves. The pricing becomes more competitive and the market becomes saturated. Decline - this happens when a more advanced product is introduced or consumers' tastes change. The focus is on cutting costs and reducing marketing spending.

  2. Ford Company Analysis - corporate structure and financial analysis

    Non-employee directors have full and complete access to the senior managers of the company. 1.8.7 Meetings The Board of Directors have usually 7 meetings a year. Directors ordinarily are expected to attend all the meetings and to review the materials given to them in advance of each meeting.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work