• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of two different types of organizational structure.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Title: Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of two different types of organizational structure. Whether small or large, formal or informal, each organization has a structure. Throughout history, the issue of how to establish an effective structure or whether the structure is good or not for an organization has been discussed and researched by managers and theorists in many fields. Organizational structure, defined by Mintzberg (1980) as an aggregation of ways that divide its labor into different tasks and achieve coordination in these tasks, determines the form and function of organizational activities (Moorhead & Griffin, 1995) and establishes a set of relationships among activities regularly (Ficham & Rhodes 2005). It has also been noted that traditional structures, like bureaucratic and divisionalized structure (Mintzberg, 1980), tend to be steady, while modern ones, such as matrix and network structure (Kates & Galbraith, 2007), tend to be flexible. However, no one has seemed to affirm one structure could totally exceed another, as it was stated by Donaldson (1985:155) that ?no one best way?. On this basis, this essay is going to assess both merits and demerits of two most typical organizational structures selected from classical types and modern types, which is known as bureaucratic structure and matrix structure. ...read more.


and Mintzberg (1993), it still exists in a number of industrial companies in modern society (Fincham and Rhodes, 2005), because it has brought many benefits to business and employees. The most significant advantage is that tasks tend to be accomplished more efficiently and effectively in a bureaucratic structure. On the basis of highly developed division of labor and specialization of tasks, according to Mintzberg(1980), each member thus could know clearly what exactly they should do. Meanwhile, offering detailed and precise rules of the responsibility and duties of each position could also reduce the cost of transaction between staff and managers, mentioned by Jones (2001). This is because ways of rewarding, punishing or how they work are all regulated in the rules (ibid), which means that employees just need to follow the direction set by the authority and are unnecessary to further question about the work or identify their roles repeatedly. Furthermore, bureaucratic organizational structure could also provide a stable environment for staff. In a description of Mintzberg (1993), all functions are defined in a settled place of activity. Thus, roles in bureaucratic organization are less likely to move, which could ensure the stability of organization and might also help the staff improve a skill and be competitive in the area in which they have expertise on a long-term basis. ...read more.


________________ Reference: Burns, T. & Stalker, G.M. (1961) The Management of Innovation. London: Tavistock Publications. Davis, S.M. & Lawrence, P.R. (1978) ?Problem of Matrix Organizations?. Harvard Business Review, 68: 131-142. Donaldson,L.(1985) In Defence of Organization Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Fincham, R. & Rhodes, P. S. (2005) Principles of Organizational Behaviour (4th edn). New York, US: Oxford University Press. Jones, G. R. (2001) Organizational Theory (3rd edn.) New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Kates, A. & Galbraith, J. R. (2007) Designing Your Organization: Using the Star Model to Solve 5 Critical Design Challenges. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Lawrence, P.R., Kolodny, H.F. & Davis, S.M. (1977) ?The Human Side of the Matrix'. Organizational Dynamics, 6(1): 43-61. Merton, R.K. (1940) ?Bureaucratic Structure and Personality?, Social Forces, 18: 560-8. Mintzberg, H. (1980). ?Structure in 5's: a Synthesis of the Research on Organization Design?. Management Science, 26(3): 322-341. Mintzberg, H. (1993) Structure in Fives: Designing Effective Organizations, Englewood, US: Prentice-Hall. Moorhead, G. & Griffin, R.W. (1995) Organizational Behavior: Managing people and organizations (4th edn). Boston, U.S.A: Houghton Mifflin Company. Offe, C. (1976) Industry and Inequality. London: Edward Arnold. Weber, M. (1947) The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. translated from German by A.R. Henderson and T. Parsons. New York: Free Press. ________________ Appendices Appendix 1: Bureaucratic organizational structure ________________ Appendix 2: Matrix organizational structure ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Business Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Business Studies essays

  1. Summary of "Leadership & Organizational Behavior" Chapter 10 Power and Influence in the Workplace ...

    Competency Perspective Limitations First, it assumes that all effective leaders have the same personal characteristics that are equally important in all situations. This is probably a false assumption; leadership is far too complex to have a universal list of traits that apply to every condition.

  2. Advance Professional Development

    Self review is an important step towards personal development, with person taking responsibility for their own learning and for choosing the means to achieve this; it increases capacity of your thinking and willingness towards your judgment and taking responsibility for yourself.

  1. Leadership styles and analysis of my leadership skills.

    making decision gave his leadership style a very unique one but he is ultimately responsible for the final decision and the outcome of those decisions. He seems to be in control of situation most time, understood his followers' need and perceptions.

  2. Analysing Job sectors in Canada. Identify trends in employment and occupational demand patterns for ...

    Other studies show that workers who use advanced technologies, or are employed in firms that have advanced technologies, are paid higher wages. This labour market preference for workers with general competencies in handling codified knowledge is having negative effects on the demand for less-skilled workers; there are concerns that these

  1. Google & Organizational Effectiveness. The purpose of this paper is, through review of ...

    to operate at an optimal size in order to maintain a specific organizational culture - if that is the primary goal. The larger an organization gets, the more difficult it would become for its employees to look beyond their own areas of responsibility because the company would essentially begin to rely more on bureaucracy to get things done.

  2. The Main advantages and disadvantages of mixed economy system

    Methods used and structure of the paper Main methods used in this course paper: * Graphical method * Analysis of comparison * Method of classification In the theoretical basis main economic systems were described. Also main advantages and disadvantages of each system were distinguished.

  1. Marketing. In my project, I am going to be looking at how Nestls Smarties ...

    The sample I chose was children because I wanted to find out what the target market thought of the product and how well the marketing is reaching the target market. I did a trial questionnaire to find out if there were any errors or misinterpreted questions.

  2. How does an international chain hotel and individual hotel operate differently ?

    And the franchisee has to pay royalty fee, one-time franchisee fee, training and equipments that they required from them. Franchise hotels are usually the chains with the greatest name recognition such as Hilton, Sheraton, Hyatt hotel sells certain right to a franchisee, for example: to use the name to connect

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work