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Small vs Large Organizations. Economies of scale might not always benefit the customers.

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Introduction

Question 1.7.1 Small versus large a) Economies of scale might not always benefit the customers. One way in which "economies of scale" is a disadvantage to customers would be economies of scale leading to less "personalized services". Less personalized services is a result of "economies of scale" because the large firms that usually take advantage of economies usually have a large customer base. This large customer base would prevent the firm from completely knowing the needs of individual customers. On the other hand, a smaller firm would have fewer customers and they would get to know their customers a lot better. Another disadvantage that "economies of scale" have on customers would be it leading to "barriers to entry". Barriers to entry are a disadvantage because it leads to less firms joining a market and therefore lead to less "competition" in a market. Less "competition" in a market would usually mean higher prices for customers. ...read more.

Middle

Small businesses continue to thrive and survive without "economies of scale" for multiple reasons. To begin with, small businesses may sometime be businesses in a small niche market. A small niche market would usually be overlooked by larger firms that are after larger markets. This would prevent the "competition" for the business in general and allow it to have local monopoly power. By having local monopoly power, the business would be able to control the prices completely and would not need "economies of scale" to help it earn more profit. Second of all, small businesses can also receive government aids/subsidies. These just like economies of scale would help drive down the average production cost but without the costs involved with expanding a business to take advantage of economies of scale. Lastly, small businesses can thrive and survive without "economies of scale" because they have better "cost control" and less "financial risk". These are advantages because larger firms that take advantage of "economies of scale" usually have less "cost control" and can encounter diseconomies of scale which could put them in financial risk. ...read more.

Conclusion

A monopoly over a market is against the best interest of the public since it allows firms with a monopoly to fully control the prices in a market. This is bad because this would allow a firm to make as much of a profit as it wants without much opposition. On top of that, a large business may also use "economies of scale" to operate against the interest of the public. It can use "economies of scale" to operate against the interest of the public by using it to create "barriers to entry" and prevent competition. which again leads to higher prices for the public. Lastly, large businesses can also operate against the public by it caring more about the profits and the "efficiency" of production than the quality. This is against the best interest of the public because this could mean products that are of a lower quality. All in all, large businesses pose both an advantage and a disadvantage to the general public. ...read more.

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