• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Alternative Fuels

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Alternative Fuels For decades, since modern transportation had been in existence vehicles engines have required fuel that has always been created with fossil fuels. The use of fossil fuels to create fuel has not been a major problem until recently. Recently the price of fuels created by fossil fuels has sprung and we are now just beginning to notice the effect it has on the environment. In fact, studies have shown that 1/4 of energy- related green house gasses are a direct result of transportation pollution1. In this essay, I will look into alternative fuels, which are not created using fossil fuels. Our dependence on fossil fuels had caused a global problem. Over the years, our environment had suffered in areas such as global warming, air quality deterioration and acid rain. Over the past 150 years, our use of fossil fuels has resulted in an increase of carbon dioxide of over twenty-five percent2. When combustion takes place, harmful gases are released into the air, which cause our air quality to worsen in condition. ...read more.

Middle

I will start by outlining some of the positives and negatives aspects of Hydrogen. Hydrogen is a gas, recently it has been discovered to have a second purpose, which is a fuel. However, Hydrogen is not easily available in its uncombined state, it can only be found un- disturbed in our earth's exosphere. Therefore, hydrogen must be manmade. Hydrogen is a very expensive fuel and is roughly ten times as much as petrol. Although this it is more environmentally friendly as its only byproduct is water, it is more efficient then petrol and over time the price will decrease with feature research4. Studies have been conducted on how it would be easier to transport and one main suggestion was to bond hydrogen with nitrogen to make ammonia, which could simply be transformed into a liquid for easy transport5. The second fuel that I will look into is ethanol. Ethanol is in the Bio- Fuels family and is made from very common materials such as corn6. ...read more.

Conclusion

An air car offers inexpensive prices and releases zero emissions into the air. In fact, a gallon of gas will likely be more expensive than a complete refill of air for your car as it will cost around $2.50 to refill the car with air9. The air will have to be stored in 300-liter tank that attaches to the bottom of your car. This option is the most eco- friendly alternant fuel that I have looked into in this essay. The fuels that I have looked into in this essay all look very promising, it is now just a matter of time before we begin to implement these alternative fuels into our various types of transportation. When I look over all these the one that stand out the most to me is hydrogen, when I look at it I am also able to see all the other uses as well and see the very little impact that it has on the environment. How I do believe that any of the three mentioned fuels would be a satisfactory answer to the fuel crisis we are facing today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Chemistry essays

  1. A comparison of various proprieary antacids

    This could have been a large source of error especially for the Eno powder and the Zolicid gel. The Eno powder formed a transparent green solution when it was initially added to the acid. Addition of base was stopped when the solution just turned brown.

  2. Properties of Hydrocarbons

    However, human error was still part of the experiment as clearly seen through the density test for cyclohexene. The other two density values were very accurate but the cyclohexene was slightly off the actual value. However, this was the only inaccuracy throughout the experiment as all the other results were proved using reliable sources on the internet.

  1. Analysis of the Nitrogen Content of Lawn Fertiliser

    rinsing the apparatus used to transfer, weigh and grind the fertiliser sample ? the funnel, weighing bottle, spatula and mortar and pestle ? so that all sample weighed is transferred into the volumetric flask. Another possible error is that the meniscus of solutions measured was not sitting exactly on the

  2. Determining the effect of carbon chain length of an alcohol on its fuel efficiency

    Finally enthalpy of combustion is determined by using the formula ?H=mc?T Quantitative Data: Combustion of Alcohols Alcohol Type Mass of Copper Calorimeter �0.01g Mass of Copper Calorimeter + Water �0.01g Initial Mass of Spirit Burner +Alcohol �0.01g Final Mass of Spirit Burner + Alcohol �0.01g Initial Temperature of the Water

  1. Properties of different alcohols used as fuels.

    Apparatus required: 1. 100cm� beaker. 2. Copper calorimeter and stirrer. 3. Digital balance. 4. Thermometer. 5. Clamp Stand to hold the calorimeter. 6. Scale to measure distance between tip of wick and base of calorimeter. 7. Matches to ignite the wick of the spirit lamps.

  2. Chemical monitoring and management - composition of the atmosphere and the problems of pollution.

    hence in 1987 the Montreal protocol was signed by nations to alleviate the use of CFCs. The protocol has been extremely affective and all developed countries have ceased used of CFCs, although 3rd world countries still use them. New alternative chemicals have been introduced such as the hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs)

  1. Acid Rain

    This makes the buildings more fragile to water, frost and other things that the stone would normally be able to withstand. The acid rain has destroyed many precious memorials that were made out of natural stone. The acid rain destroys the whole outer layer of the stone, which will make the fine carvings into the stone vanish.

  2. The chemistry of atmospheric and water pollution.

    This ozone depletion is due to complex air motions. Air enters the stratosphere near the equator, where solar heating is highest. Then the air moves slowly towards both poles where it sinks. Over Antarctica, cloud ice particles exist that are not present at warmer latitudes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work