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# Fractioanl Distillation

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Introduction

FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION Seren SAPMAZ 582 ATC Fractional distillation: Is the separation of a mixture into its component parts, or fractions, such as in separating chemical compounds by their boiling point by heating them to a temperature at which several fractions of the compound will evaporate. Aim: To show the use of fractional distillation for the separation of liquid - liquid mixtures in which the boiling points of the components are similar. Materials: * * Heater * Thermometer * Water inlet-outlet * Distilling Flask, * Beaker * 4 Test Tube * Tripod * Acetone-Water-Alcohol mixture Procedure: * Start heating the homogenous mixture of acetone, alcohol and water. (at 30 degree) * Every 30 seconds take the temp. ...read more.

Middle

Write your observations. -In the first tube we saw acetone collected. Because acetone has the smallest boiling point. So it evaporates first. When we put some on our hand we feel very cold. Because it evaporates very quickly. It could be use instead of cologne if it didn't faint and when we approach flame it takes fire very quickly but it goes out fast too. -In the second tube we saw alcohol and acetone mixture. -In the third tube we saw alcohol mixture. The alcohol's boiling point is less than water but more than acetone. So it evaporates before water and after acetone. When we put some on our hand we feel cold less than when we put acetone. ...read more.

Conclusion

42 360 = 43 390 = 46 420 = 48 450 = 51 480 = 54 510 = 57 540 = 59 ==>First liquid 570 = 61 600 = 63 630 = 65 660 = 69 690 = 74 720 = 78 750 = 79 780 = 80 810 = 81 ==>Second Liquid 840 = 82 870 = 83 900 = 84 930 = 85 960 = 86 990 = 88 1020 = 90 1050 = 92 ==>Third liquid 1080 = 94 1110 = 92 1140 = 95 1170 = 100 1200 = 100 1230 = 101 1260 = 101 ==>Fourth liquid OUR'S BATU'S BENSU'S BEGUM'S KATYA'S MERVE'S CLASSAVR. 1. 59 60 70 60 60 50 59 2. 81 78 79 80 81 82 80 3. 101 100 96 100 100 92 99 ...read more.

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