• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ions important to human health - Iron is one of the most important ions in the maintaining of homeostasis in the human body.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

IRON Iron is one of the most important ions in the maintaining of homeostasis in the human body. Iron is essential for the transport of oxygen in the blood and it's also a part of the enzyme needed for respiration. In humans, a male body would have approximately 3.45 g of iron and women, 2.45 g. 60%-70% in hemoglobin 10%-12% in myoglobin & enzymes and as ferritin 29% in women & 10 % in men stored & deliver in spleen & bone marrow. Iron is stored in human tissues mostly as ferron. It is absorbed from the food we eat in the small intestine and passes into the blood to the bone marrow. There, it is used in making hemoglobin, which is is what makes the color of blood red. After circulating in the blood for 120 days, it is destroyed, and the iron is used over again. Men require about 0.5 to 1.0 mg. of iron daily. Women require twice this amount. During pregnancy and lactation, from 2-4 mg of iron per day is required. Before puberty and after menopause, women require the same amount of iron as men. Because only a small amount of iron present in food is absorbed, it is necessary to provide from 15 to 30 mg of iron in the diet to be certain than 1-4 mg is absorbed. ...read more.

Middle

Interestingly enough in an article on the internet a woman asked what the best source of natural potassium was. The typical response to this question is bananas, but in doing some research they found that a single potato contains 800 mg. This is about 350mg more than would be found in any banana. ZINC Zinc is an essential ion for the maintenance of homeostasis in the human body. Our bodies contain about 2-3 grams of zinc. About 90% of zinc is found in the muscles and bones. It's also found in the prostate gland and semen in men. Zinc is necessary division and body growth and plays an important role during pregnancy. A growing fetus needs Zinc in order for the cells to rapidly divide. Zinc also helps to avoid pre-term pregnancies and fetus abnormalities. Zinc again stimulates growth for infants, kids, and teens. In men, zinc helps protect the prostate gland from all kinds of infections and prostatic hypertrophy (enlargement). It helps maintain sperm count and testosterone levels. In women, zinc can help with menstruation such as alleviating the symptoms connected to PMS. In the immune system it plays a role in fighting off infections like pneumonia, diarrhea, and even the common cold. It helps in the sense of taste and smell by activating our taste and smell sensors. ...read more.

Conclusion

Osteoporosis affects one in four women and one in eight men over the age of 50. As we age, we all lose some bone mass. Whether or not you get osteoporosis later in life depends on how big and dense your bones become during your developing years, and how much bone mass you lose after that. If you start off with bigger and denser bones and if you lose bone mass as you get older, you will have more left in later years. Dairy products are the major source of calcium. Eggs, green leafy vegetables, broccoli, legumes, nuts, and whole grains provide calcium but in smaller amounts than dairy products.Only about 10-30% of the calcium in food is absorbed into the body. Calcium must be broken down by the digestive system before the body can use it. Calcium is absorbed into the body in the small intestine. The absorption of calcium is influenced by such factors as the amount of vitamin D hormone in the body and the level of calcium already present in the bloodstream. The "fizz" in fizzy drinks like soda and Champagne inhibits the absorption of calcium and takes calcium out of the bones.About 99% of the body's calcium is stored in bone tissue. The remaining 1% of the body's calcium circulates in the blood and other body fluids.Calcium in the bloodstream plays an important role in blood clotting, transmission of nerve impulses, muscle contraction, and other metabolic activities. In the bloodstream, calcium maintains a constant balance with phosphate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Chemistry essays

  1. A comparison of various proprieary antacids

    So even though we can generally conclude that one antacid is better than the other, this may not necessarily be the case when we take all other variables in consideration. 6. The antacids all tended to have different chemical compositions.

  2. How duration affects the rate of electrolysis in a Voltaic Cell

    If the duration is longer, then more electrons flow from the zinc electrode to the copper electrode (anode to cathode) through the electrical wires, while ions flow through the salt bridge to complete. As we know, in a voltaic cell/ galvanic cell, oxidation occurs at the anode (negative electrode)

  1. Investigating Glue. We expect the result the casein in milk and textured soy ...

    The precipitated curd is then drained, washed, press to remove water, milled, drill, and ground. Solutions of casein in alkalis (with enough of the protein to give a suitable viscosity) can be used as glue. Such glue compares favorably in strength with animal glue on drying the protein forms numerous

  2. Chemistry Extended Essay - Viscosity of Xanthan Gum solutions

    In the context of the experiment that will be performed to measure the effect of viscosity on these reactions, the solution in the reaction will be replaced with solutions containing varying concentration gradients of xanthan gum. The salt solution is maintained at the same concentration, but the water that would

  1. Effect of Current on The Quantity of Products in Copper Purification Through Electrolysis

    1,6300 0,055 3 0,50 1,4750 1,5450 0,070 4 0,50 1,5350 1,5900 0,055 5 0,50 1,5350 1,5800 0,045 6 1,50 1,5750 1,5900 0,015 0,033 7 1,50 1,5750 1,6150 0,040 8 1,50 1,5250 1,5700 0,045 9 1,50 1,6250 1,6520 0,027 10 1,50 1,5050 1,5450 0,040 11 2,50 1,4750 1,5250 0,050 0,063 12

  2. Are you consuming too much fuel?

    by 81 to be equal to my family's. Although my family lives in a first world country, it shows that my family needs to reduce the amount of electricity we consume. So, overall, my family consumes less electricity than what is normal in both national and international perspectives when regarding first world countries, but more electricity when regarding third world countries.

  1. Which fruit juice (Orange, Apple, Peach, Pineapple, and Apricot) has the highest concentration of ...

    Calculate the concentration of ascorbic acid in the juices. RAW RESULTS: Volume of DCPIP used to neutralize each juice: APPLE (±0.05) ORANGE (±0.05) PEACH (±0.05) PINEAPPLE (±0.05) APRICOT (±0.05) 5.3 9.3 5.3 11.0 5.0 4.2 8.0 5.9 9.5 5.4 4.2 7.0 5.0 11.0 6.7 TABLE ANALYSIS: The table above shows the amount of DCPIP used to neutralize the juices.

  2. Measuring the fatty acid percentage of the reused sunflower oil after numerous times of ...

    4 ASLAN Özge Cemre D129077 Many restaurants and fast-food outlets use trans-fats to deep-fry foods because oils with trans fats can also be used many times in commercial fryers. Trans means that H-atoms are on the opposite side of the carbon chain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work