• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Calculating the specific heat of a metal

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Specific Heat of a Metal I. Purpose: to determine the specific heat of a substance. II. Materials: > 50-mL beaker > 250-mL beaker > 400-mL beaker > 100-mL graduated cylinder > Large test tube > Glass stirring rod > Utility clamp > Ring stand > Ring support > Hot plate > Electric balance > Plastic foam cup > Thermometer > Lead shot > Distilled water III. Procedure: 1. 250 mL of water was heated in a 400-mL beaker until it was boiling gently. 2. While the water was heating, the mass of a clean, dry 50-mL beaker was determined and recorded. ...read more.

Middle

6. The test tube was removed from the boiling water and quickly poured into the water-filled plastic foam cup. A thermometer and a glass stirring rod were placed into the cup. The stirring rod was used to gently stir the lead shot. The temperature was then frequently noted and recorded. IV. Data Collection: General Data The data above corresponds to the values and measurements that were recorded throughout the experiment at the appropriate instances mentioned in the procedure. This data will be used to determine the specific heat of the lead shot with the following approach: Density of water = 1 g/mL --> Mass of water in foam cup = 100 g If no heat was lost by the surroundings, the ...read more.

Conclusion

Due to a large hole in the foam cup, perhaps too much heat was lost to the surroundings, the thermometer, the stirring rod, and the foam cup. This temperature inaccuracy would lead to an inaccurate calculation of the metal's specific heat. The specific heat of lead is 0.13; however, the value that was found is 0.40. This, clearly, indicates a large difference present between the values. Perhaps the temperatures were calculated inaccurately; if the maximum temperature reached was lower, the value of the specific heat would be more precise. An overall improvement to the experiment would be, simply, to repeat it with greater accuracy and double-checking measurement. Also, a lid with a smaller hole could be used to minimise heat lost. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 2 of 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

This essay is very neatly laid out, enabling the reader to easily pick up the information in it. The divisions are that of a professional report, allowing the candidate to address the calculation of a metal’s specific heat effectively. The ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This essay is very neatly laid out, enabling the reader to easily pick up the information in it. The divisions are that of a professional report, allowing the candidate to address the calculation of a metal’s specific heat effectively. The procedure is set out well – however it is vague in parts; the candidate merely says “the temperature was measured frequently”. This should really have a set increment to it allowing more accurate data analysis and sounding more professional.

Level of analysis

Analysis in general is good. Some values could be more precise – the density of water can be written more accurately than 1 g/mL. In the conclusion, some good points are addressed but these need to be expanded; it is insufficient to merely say what happened, the candidate must say why. The conclusion should be split into the conclusion drawn from the results (the specific heat of lead) and the evaluation – how the experiment could be improved. Analysis could be further improved by calculating the percentage error on the result obtained, lending more evidence to the report rather than just saying that there is a “large difference present”.

Quality of writing

Quality of writing is good. There are on or two formatting mistakes eg “measured I na”, which should have been picked up on proofreading. The candidate uses precise language that accurately communicates their results and other points, although the points could be elaborated upon a little more, as said above. Overall, this is a good essay, which, if expanded a little could do very well.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by davo11 25/06/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Chemistry essays

  1. Preparation and Composition of Tin (IV) Iodide

    of SnCl2 reacted with the 3.2950g of iodine to give SnCl2I2. Equation 1: SnCl2 + I2 ------------> SnCl2I2 Number of moles of SnCl2 = = 1.306 x 10 -2 moles of SnCl2 From equation (1) ; 1 mole of SnCl2 produces 1 mole of SnCl2I2 Therefore, 1.306 x 10 -2

  2. Disappearing cross experiment

    These liquids are highly dangerous as they can damage skin and eyes. To carry out the investigation in a safe way goggles and an apron were on all the time. The area where the experiment took place was cleaned before the experiment.

  1. Investigating the effect of ion concentration in electrolytes on the potential difference in a ...

    0.08 0.288 1.070 0.758 0.04 0.279 1.060 0.749 Table 5: Literature value on percentage change of voltage under different electrolyte concentrations/ % Electrodes combinations Concentration/ mol dm-3 � 0.01 Zinc and Iron Copper and Zinc Iron and Copper 0.20 0 0 0 0.16 -1.00 0 -0.390 0.12 -2.00 -0.926 -0.780

  2. To Investigate the Effectiveness of Antacid products you can buy

    It prevents heartburn as the stomach acid is neutralised as it rises up to the oesophagus. Antacids are also mixed with anti-foaming agents to prevent flatulence. An acid is a proton donor and a base is a proton acceptor. The substances used in the experiment have the following pH: CaCO3

  1. Experiment Plan. Chemistry IA: Electrolysis of Metal Sulphate solutions (NiSO4)

    the Nickel electrodes using sandpaper to remove any impurities Place each electrode pair into the beaker with nickel sulphate Attach the electrodes to opposite sites of the beaker (measure with a ruler the distance between, it should be around 4cm)

  2. Period 3 Chlorides. Aim: To study the chlorides of period 3 elements and ...

    First of all, I examined the provided chloride samples and noted their physical state (solid, liquid, or gas) and their colour (if they had any). 2) Next, I took 4 test tubes, washed them and filled them each with 5 cm3 of distilled water, and placed them side by side in a test tube rack.

  1. The aim of this experiment is to examine the enthalpy of combustion of the ...

    = Heat energy transformed to the waterAmount of methanol burnt = 8.40kJ0.301mol ?Hc (CH3OH) = - 279.06kJ mol-1 Combustion of butanol C4H9OH + 6O2 ? 4CO2 + 5H2O + heat The same formulas have to be used for these calculations.

  2. To determine the molecular mass of an unknown alkali metal carbonate, X2CO3.

    4. The solution was poured into the 250cm3 volumetric flask making sure no solid or solution was left behind in the 50cm3 beaker. 5. Enough distilled water was added to make a 250cm3 solution in the 250cm3 volumetric flask. 6. The 250cm3 of substance Z solution was kept aside.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work