• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Xenon: The noble gas Xenon, as it may be found only in small amounts is a very unique element because of its physical properties.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Noble Gas: Xenon Xenon, Xe, is one of the six noble gases. Xenon is located in the 18th group, or the noble gases, on the periodic table and is the 54th element. Sir William Ramsay was the lead chemist and Morris William Travers was his assistant in the detection and naming of Xenon in 1898. When Ramsay named Xenon in 1898, he based its name on xenos a Greek word meaning "the strange one". Xenon, like all the other noble gases, has a level of oxidation at zero. This property prevents it from easily forming compounds; however Xenon holds all its feasible electrons making it highly stable. Sir William Ramsay and Morris William Travers took a sample of the air and cooled it until all the elements within the air reached their melting points. ...read more.

Middle

It is odorless, has no color, and is tasteless like other monatomic molecules. Xenon's melting point is -111.80o C and has a boiling point of -108.13o C. Because of certain properties, it cannot react well with other compounds. Until scientists experimented on Xenon recently, along with other nobles gases, scientists thought that the noble gases were inert gases. Chemist Neil Bartlett discovered that Xenon could combine with Platinum hexafluoride to form Xenon hexafluoroplatinate, a yellowish orange solid compound. Because of Bartlett's discovery, many scientists have been interested in finding new compounds that Xenon could combine with. Some of these compounds include Xenon Trioxide, Xenon Hexafluoride, Xenon Tertafluoride, Xenon Oxytetrafluoride, and Xenon Difluoride. Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory reported that, if heated about 300- 400o C and at room temperature, Xenon reacts unequivocally with Fluoride. ...read more.

Conclusion

When the Xenon was ended the patients awoke after about two minutes. It may also be use in x-rays to produce the hydrocarbon more clearly by injecting it into the skull before taking an x-ray. In addition, when air is used for a skull x-ray the patient may awake with long term headaches but when Xenon is used the patient awakes with little to no discomfort. The stream of necessary liquids like blood and air in the brain and in the lungs can be tracked and studied using the radioactive isotopes of Xenon. The noble gas Xenon, as it may be found only in small amounts is a very unique element because of its physical properties. Many scientists today continue to study it because there is so much more to learn about it. Xenon is a very useful element to us today although it may be a very STRANGE element. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Chemistry essays

  1. Aim To investigate the chemical properties of alcohol

    The presence of hydrogen gas is corroborated by the burning splint, extinguishing with a pop sound when inserted in Beaker 1. The reaction is given below: 2Na (s) + 2C2H5OH (aq) --> 2C2H5ONa (aq) + H2 (g) The fact that ethanol reacts with sodium liberating hydrogen indicates that the alcohol

  2. IB questions and answers on Atomic Theory

    How do scientists use bright line spectra to identify unknown elements in far off stars or other samples of matter? Known samples of elements are studied and the bright line spectrum is recorded. These known spectra can be compared to the unknown spectra seen when looking at the light from a far away star through a spectroscope.

  1. Determining the position of unknown element X in the Reactivity Series

    Repeat Steps 3 & 4 for FeSO4; MgSO4; PbNO3; KSO4; AgNO3 & ZnSO4 Diagrams Results Compound Reaction Initial Temperature (�C) Final Temperature (�C) ?H (�C) KSO4 No 21 21 0� MgSO4 No 21 21 0� ZnSO4 No 22 22 0� FeSO4 No 21 21 0� PbNO3 Yes 21 22 2�

  2. Fractional distillation of crude oil

    The more carbon atoms an alkane possesses, the more energy is needed to break it apart. This explains the increasing boiling points, and is also one of the main reasons why hydrocarbons are used as fuels. Kerosene was the only one of the four hydrocarbons which could not be heated

  1. Physical Properties of Organic Compounds

    What is the functional group in a carboxylic acid? A carboxylic acid consists of a carboxyl group, C(=O)OH 10) Compare the boiling points of similar masses carboxylic acids with alcohols and aldehydes. Carboxylic acids have much higher boiling points than alcohols and aldehydes. This is due to a more extensive association of carboxylic acids through intermolecular hydrogen bonding.

  2. Investigation 4 PERIODIC PROPERTIES (...)-THE PROPERTIES CHANGES OF ELEMENTS IN THE SAME ...

    1) Test the solubility of Iodine: 1. A very small amount of iodine was put into water, cyclohexane and KI(aq) respectively 2. The color changes of the solutions and the solubility in each solvent were recorded 2) Test iodine reacts with starch: 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work