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International Baccalaureate: Drama

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  • Peer Reviewed essays 1
  1. Hamlet Act 3 scene 1

    Hamlet is a scholar and a philosopher and I was trying to portray this by making it seem as if he had discovered this notion of the 'point of existence', a key recurring theme throughout the whole of the play. Hamlet is not talking about a wish to commit suicide, in fact he does not use the words "I" or "me" throughout the whole speech, which meant that the speech was more rhetorical than personal. I tried to portray this by conducting the speech as if it were two balanced sides of an argument.

    • Word count: 1260
  2. Theme of Phoenix in Fahrenheit 451

    Montag's disillusionment with society causes him to undergo a radical and liberating transformation, much like the phoenix itself. Like the phoenix that desires a new beginning, Montag realizes the destructive nature of his old beliefs and longs to liberate himself from the narrow views society holds. Returning to his home one day after work, Montag meets Clarisse, an eccentric yet refreshingly honest girl who lives next door. She poses a simple question to Montag: "'Is it true that long ago, firemen put fires out instead of going to start them?"' (8). This seemingly innocent query unsettles Montag and forces him to reexamine who he is as a fireman and as a man.

    • Word count: 1616
  3. Sin and Ego in Crime and Punishment

    Following her murder, Raskolnikov "[takes] the keys out at once," (Dostoyevsky 95) and uses them to unlock a large box which contains "items made of gold, bracelets, chains, earrings, and hatpins" (Dostoyevsky 101). Interestingly, he feels no remorse for his two-fold crime of murder and theft; rather, it appears as though he cannot relate to his victim as a human being. In fact, when Raskolnikov commits the first murder, he is "barely conscious of what he [is] doing, and [acts] almost without effort" (Dostoyevsky 94). His sense of alienation from the rest of the population in St.

    • Word count: 1174
  4. Stanislavski Essay

    The historical context of the realism within theatre is very important. Within the 19th century a period broke out in theatre when experiments were done with realism and naturalism. Not only Konstantin Stanislavski experimented with this genre of theatre, though the truth of the matter is that Stanislavski developed the concept of realism for the new theatre. The language and style of this new theatre type portrayed a more natural and real life picture."One of the elements [of the spiritual culture of the humanity] is the theatre which is distinctly Russian, whose objective is not to entertain the audience with plays, but to affect directly the viewer's very soul with naturally created life of the human spirit."

    • Word count: 1601
  5. Lack of Self Knowledge in Mad Shadows

    Patrice had become the god of Patrice. His soul was too feeble to ask for more." (Blais 20) Experiences self-realization to an extent, but only surface, beauty (what he discovers) prevents him from further self-knowledge - cannot gain a soul 1.3 "At forty, Louise was still a frivolous doll, empty and excessively concerned with her slender body. Patrice's beauty was to her but a reflection of her own." (Blais 24) Self-absorbed Narcissist love (Patrice) Empty doll, no soul, only vanity 1.4 "He was easy-going and always accommodating.

    • Word count: 1009
  6. Oediups: An Analysis of Literary Devices

    A man I never saw." (Roche 9) No self-knowledge that he killed Laius. "Then I'll go back and drag that shadowed past to light." (Roche 11) Oedipus is in the dark, he is the one to be cursed when it's dragged to light Confidence Drag: unwanted truth Shadowed past: Oedipus' past Light: truth "For who knows, tomorrow this selfsame murderer/may turn his bloody hands on me. /The cause of Laius therefore is my own." (Roche 11) Oedipus killed Laius, ironic that he says the cause of Laius is his own.

    • Word count: 1620
  7. Ibu usman awang

    Kemiskinan juga menaksa mereka untuk meminjam wang daripada lintah darat. Stanza 3 : Golongan miskin terpaksa bekerja keras setiap hari demi mencari rezeki. Mereka juga tertinggal daripada pembangunan dan permodenan yang berlaku pada masa itu. Stanza 4 : Kemiskinan menyebabkan masyarakat ini terpinggir daripada kecanggihan teknologi. Stanza ini juga mempunyai unsur sindiran terhadap pemimpin yang tidak effisyen dalam mengani masalah mereka. Pemimpin Stanza 5 : Keadaan pada masa itu yang memaksa mereka untu kbekerja keras bagi menyara hidup mereka yang melarat hal ini diibaratkan seperti kais pagi makan pagi, kais petang makan petang.

    • Word count: 1860
  8. Comparison of A Doll's House and A Streetcar Named Desire

    Ibsen changes Nora's costume to parallel her behavioral and emotional changes in the play. The "Neapolitan fisher-girl" costume, for example, represents Nora's secrets and their restraint on her autonomy (Ibsen 29). Therefore, Nora's want to "tear [the masquerade costume] into a hundred thousand pieces" represents her will to be rid of her lies and to take off of the mask she puts on for Helmer (Ibsen 28). The costume facilitates this need throughout the second act of play. When Nora practices the Tarantella dance, she dances wildly and "her hair comes down and falls over her shoulders" (Ibsen 47).

    • Word count: 1805
  9. Escapism and power as entwined themes in Anouilhs Antigone and Ibsens A Dolls House.

    Her dislike for the world with colour suggests that she is not content with the mortal world of man, and wishes to go beyond it. This idea is perpetuated when she says 'Have you ever thought how lovely a garden is when it is not yet thinking of men?' Hence, her longing to leave the world of men is one of the motivating factors towards her decision to defy her uncle Creon, bury her brother and thus make her uncle sentence her to death.

    • Word count: 1412
  10. Free essay

    Short Story "A Decision"

    They always treat my father well and secretly hand him envelopes of money but they never look at me. They even try to keep their son, Logan, as far away from me as possible. They don't succeed most of the time though. Light poured in all around me. My shadow marked where I had been with small footprints of dry earth, crushed leaves and snapped branches. Trees were everywhere around me and light brown squirrels hurried about me, holding in their mouth the food they spent the day gathering for the long nights ahead of them.

    • Word count: 1468
  11. Themes in Macbeth

    Their initial ambition leads them to the murder of Duncan, the first step towards their downfall in the play. Lady Macbeth says of her husband, 'Thou wouldst be great, art not without ambition, but without the illness should attend it'. It is this 'illness' and corruption that accompanies ambition, that leads Macbeth to change and deteriorate as a character. He develops an ambition for security, which leads to the murder of Banquo and Macduff's wife, children and servants. The horrid actions Macbeth and Lady Macbeth commit due to this ambition for secure power, has severe repercussions of guilt and trauma.

    • Word count: 1582
  12. one woman show

    At the age of 26, she became the head of the hundreds of concubines. But her goal was to be the empress. At that time, she had birthed a baby girl, suddenly, an idea came to her. She decided to kill her own child to make it appear that someone had done it. Then she ran to the emperor and told him that the present empress Lee murdered the baby. Emperor Taizong believed Wu's story, because he thought that she would never murder her own child. He then, placed Wu as the new empress.

    • Word count: 1408
  13. Designer(TM)s Portfolio

    After a while, a master with his slave appears whose names are Pozzo and Lucky. Pozzo sits on a stool, relaxes a little and enjoys some chicken and wine. He is really rude to his servant. Eventually Lucky dozes off to sleep, but is weakened by jerks on the rope from his master. The master then tell the tramps that Lucky is pitiful and old, and he would like to get rid of him soon. On hearing all of these words, Lucky cries. Estragon tries to comfort him, but Lucky gives him a hard kick in the leg in return. Later, the master and slave leave the tramps, and they continue their wait of Godot.

    • Word count: 1729
  14. If we were to assume that Shakespeare's depiction of Gertrude and Ophelia represents Shakespeare's view of women, what strengths and weaknesses would he ascribe to women?

    This is Ophelia's first flaw, even though it was expected of women in Shakespearean times to obey the males in their lives. When Polonius orders her to stop seeing Hamlet, Ophelia replies with "I shall obey my lord" (Act I scene iii, 142) there is no fuss over how she loves Hamlet, she easily gives in without so much as an argument, showing Polonius's complete control over his daughter, with her desire to please him as a cause of this. Ophelia dependency on her father is to the point where it seems where she really can not function without him.

    • Word count: 1560
  15. Describe the state of mind of King Claudius

    This is a very vivid description of a harlot's face, which has a lot of make-up on her. Makeup is used in poetry to symbolize masks hiding a person's true intention, and their true intentions. This aside is not only the only speech that shows that Claudius did kill his brother, it also show's us that Claudius feels guilty about guilty about killing his brother, saying that all this deceit is a heavy burden. At the end of this scene Claudius suspects that Hamlet is only playing the lunatic, stating that his emotions weren't that of a man in love, and it was not like madness.

    • Word count: 1378
  16. Le panoramique assimilateur dans Windtalkers (2002)

    Film� en panoramique vertical descendant, ce plan embl�matique de l'enfant domin� par l'�tendard aux multiples �toiles donne le ton du film : la communaut� indienne, symbolis�e par l'enfant, se place sous l'embl�me le plus repr�sentatif du conqu�rant et accepte donc cette situation. Le d�sert, refuge naturel du peuple originaire du nouveau continent, est ainsi adopt� et assujetti par les repr�sentants de ce drapeau. Les plans qui suivent montrent une communaut� indienne qui fait ses adieux au p�re de l'enfant. L'image idyllique de la famille est bien pr�sente dans le long plan qui rassemble la m�re, le p�re et le fils.

    • Word count: 1109
  17. How does an actor use Stanislavskis acting principles, in order to fully prepare to play the role of Kipps in The Woman In Black?

    The actor has trained his concentration and his senses so that he may respond freely to the total stage environment. Through empathic observation of people in many different situations, he attempts to develop a wide emotional range so that his onstage actions and reactions appear as if they were a part of the real world rather than a make-believe one".[2] In order for an actor to make his role believable the actor would use a method or various methods from Stanislavski?s system to create his own flashback that would lead him to fully absorb the role that he is going

    • Word count: 1830
  18. How does an actor use Stanislavskis acting principles, in order to fully prepare to play the role of Kipps in The Women in Black?

    Drablow's funeral to pay her respects. (Kipps Analysis n.d.) Although he had good experience with the woman in black and he had experiences of his super natural activities, he still wanted to be dwelling a safer life, with Esme he was going through an un-exited part of life by living in a cottage and keeping himself busy with kids or watching football on Sundays .He never wanted to encounter ghosts which he did but he never wanted to repeat this ghost encounter again.

    • Word count: 1743
  19. Acting Styles in 'Ruby Moon'.

    In a sense we are the lost child of Ray and Sylvie. This creates tension and expectation. With the ending the audience will have learned a lesson, leaving the play not depressed or ill tempered, but uplifted and enlightened. (Lynch) The style of theater Ruby Moon is set in is Theater of the Absurd. Theatre of the absurd plays, all express views of world as a meaningless and threatening place, where only one thing is certain: The End of our existence. Innocent little girl disappears for no reason, and everyone is suspicious.

    • Word count: 1941
  20. There are a number of logistical and dramatic factors to be decided upon in a production of Philadelphia, Here I Come. Discuss the set, lighting, sound, music or any other element of the play that you feel relevant.

    Private Gar is the unseen character, the alter ego of our main hero. Although Public Gar is the only person that can hear Private talk he never looks at him, he cannot look at his alter ego. On stage two characters play Public and Private. One utters what is acceptable and the other utters what he?d really like to say if he wasn?t so inhabited. The central struggle is not between the public and private but between Gar both private and public and his father S.B. Apples don?t fall far from the tree, also outlined in the play by Madge who describes them as ?two peas? that way Gar and S.B.

    • Word count: 1154
  21. Which methods could a theatre company use when performing Jean Anouilh's "Antigone", keeping true to and supporting the style of the "Theatre of the Absurd"?

    Subsequently he poses the question if the realization and acceptance of this fact must necessarily result in suicide. You can see a clear reflection of this thought in Esslin's definition of the 'Theatre of the Absurd' as that which ?strives to express its sense of the senselessness of the human condition and the inadequacy of the rational approach by the open abandonment of rational devices and discursive thought.? The most well-know absurdist playwrights are Samuel Beckett, Eugene Ionesco, Jean Genet, Harold Pinter and Arthur Adamov. It is believed that the uprising of this philosophical movement during this specific time period was triggered by the death, grief and pure misery brought upon the people by World War II, which demonstrated the total brevity of any values and emphasized the precariousness and arbitrariness of human life.

    • Word count: 1290

IB Theatre involves all aspects of drama and theatre. You'll gain a strong appreciation of the subject through critical appraisal of the theory, culture and history of the theatre and by a wide range of practical exercises including improvisation and scripted performances. You'll develop your own performance skills and learn how to work as part of an ensemble and youll gain organisational and technical abilities. There are three core subjects in the syllabus: theatre in the making, which looks at the skills required to create a piece of theatre; theatre in performance, which will involve you in performance and production; and theatre in the world which allows you to study the theory of theatre and its origins and traditions in a variety of global contexts. At higher level you will complete an Independent Project on either

Devising Practice or Exploring Practice. Assessment is both internal and external and the latter requires you to express yourself in a clear and concisemanner in two major pieces of written work. Marked by teachers has a good range of examples of IB Drama written work which you can access to appreciate how such work is planned and achieved.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • There are a number of logistical and dramatic factors to be decided upon in a production of Philadelphia, Here I Come. Discuss the set, lighting, sound, music or any other element of the play that you feel relevant.

    "In conclusion, Friel uses many stage directions to connect the audience with the characters. He presents us with Private Gar, alter ego that raises many concerns about his inner feelings, which we wouldn’t know about if Friel was to use just Public Gar. Flashback is presented to show previous events from the past in order to get deeper understanding of Gar. Music is outlined in the play to show Gar’s current emotions and their change for example we can tell his mood changes as he decides to play a much faster song. The entire play happens within twenty-four and we are reminded of it by the highlighted clock in the kitchen and clamorous sounds of it in between the scenes. Issue of the lack of communication between Gar and S.B. never gets resolved; we can tell that both of the characters suffer, as they’d like to express themselves. In the end with an open ending and not much gets resolved. It’s up to the reader to put the events in order and make personal judgement on the possible outcomes that may have resulted in the play."

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