• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which methods could a theatre company use when performing Jean Anouilh's "Antigone", keeping true to and supporting the style of the "Theatre of the Absurd"?

Extracts from this document...


Theatre HL Theatre Arts Research Investigation Sophie Karbjinski David Vaux 23. April, 2012 Word count: 1004 Research Question: Which methods could a theatre company use while performing Jean Anouilh's 'Antigone', keeping true to and supporting the style of the Theatre of the Absurd? Theatre of the Absurd is a term that was coined by Hungarian-born theatre critic Martin Esslin, who made it the title of his 1962 book on the subject. It is refers to a particular style of theatre and the work of a number of mainly European playwrights, mostly written in the 1950s and 1960s. These plays are all related through the theme of the Absurd, first presented in this way by the French philosopher Albert Camus in his 1942 essay, ?The Myth of Sisyphus? in which he deals with the meaninglessness and absurdity of the human existence and states the belief that life has no purpose. Subsequently he poses the question if the realization and acceptance of this fact must necessarily result in suicide. ...read more.


The Absurdist plays share many of these most important characteristics: extensive comedy, mixed with horrific or tragic images; unconventional dialogue full of clichés, wordplay, and nonsense; characters caught in hopeless and illogical situations forced to do repetitive or meaningless actions; plots that are cyclical or absurdly expansive and either a parody or dismissal of realism, in attempt to reflect the absurdity of human existence. The aim of absurd plays is to startle, confuse and shock the viewer, waking him up from his boring and conventional life of everyday concerns. The Theatre of the Absurd was something completely new and rebellious to the viewers and was indeed, like some of the playwrights liked to call it, ' anti-theatre'. It was surreal, illogical, conflictless and plotless. The dialogue was total baloney and seemingly without meaning. Unsurprisingly, it was first received with disapproval and lack of understanding. Jean Anouilh's play 'Antigone', originally produced in Paris in 1942, is a tragedy inspired by and adapted from the ancient greek classic 'Antigone' by Sophocles which was first performed in Athens in the 5th century B.C. ...read more.


Especially aspects from the play that already seem slightly absurd should be promoted, such as Queen Eurydice knitting until she goes to her room and dies or the three guards that play cards, completely oblivious to the tragedy enrolling before them. On that point, the director would have to decide if he wants to stay true to Anouilh's original text or if he wants to change the dialogues, in which case one could take the meaning out of conversations or insert nonsensical sentences, make the characters talk past each other, without completely losing the plot. The stage setting could be either overly surrealistic, further contributing to the audiences confusion or completely simplistic going as far as not having a setting at all, further emphasizing the anti-theatrical aspects and adding to the alienation of the viewer. Sources: Carlson, Marvin. 1993. Theories of the Theatre: A Historical and Critical Survey from the Greeks to the Present. Expanded ed. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press Ince, Walter. 1968. Forum for Modern Language Studies: 'Prologue and Chorus in Anouilh's Antigone' IV, pp. 277 ? 84 Freeman, Ted. 2000. Antigone: Commentary, Anouilh's Antigone. Methuen Drama Student Edition, London, Methuen Publishing ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Drama section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Drama essays

  1. Research Investigation: commedia dell'arte masks. It is believed that the use of mask ...

    [7] Also as these performances were mainly on the streets or by the road, there would not really be a stage nor seating for the audience this made it difficult for everyone to see everything from the same angle or height.

  2. Oediups: An Analysis of Literary Devices

    "Me or any man who lives in light." (Roche 22) Oedipus lives in darkness. Light vs. dark imagery. "A ruin that saved the State." (Roche 25) He is the ruin, ruined the state with murder. "You the murderer so self-proved"(Roche 29) Oedipus is the murderer Serious, unwilling to hear anything else "The sinner but a single day to bare his crime."

  1. Free essay

    How does Globalisation affect theatre?

    (Alonso de Santos Jos�, L., 2009. L'ABC del teatro vol.1: teoria dell'arte teatrale. Rome: Audino) Globalisation is the integration of economic, social, technical and cultural issues of the world's economies. This has taken place largely due to the expansion of multinational companies and governments advocating freer international trade.

  2. Escapism and power as entwined themes in Anouilhs Antigone and Ibsens A Dolls House. ...

    This is her form of escapism, which contrasts to Antigone's, as hers is grey, dull and empty. Nevertheless, both these forms of escapism serve to drive the play forward, although in different ways. Antigone's escapist nature propels her power, while Nora's escapism hampers her power.

  1. In this portfolio I will take you on the journey which I myself have ...

    Whilst researching I stumbled across the book pictured below and I was struck with the words "most people do not speak of theater and Iran in the same breath" By Willem Floor Because of this we decided to change tact and opt to symbolise the juxtaposition instead through lighting and staging.

  2. The Merchant of Venice. The audience would have more sympathy for Shylock in the ...

    This also creates dramatic irony because only the audience is aware of his intention. Shylock's speech about Jewish people's identities is an expression of his anger, that he is right to do whatever he is doing. He uses repetition in his speech, almost shouts it out loud at others in the movie.

  1. Stanislavski Essay

    Stanislavski took this into consideration and created a technique called 'the method of physical actions'4. This method eliminated the possibility of spontaneous reactions. Stanislavski composed this technique to help actors and actresses create the desired emotive responses. This is done by composing a physical movement to trigger the emotive emotion which would cause for instance crying.

  2. Augusto Boal and Jacques LeCoq have both had significant impact on theatre, and their ...

    By being told ?no? to inappropriate solutions, it allowed us to come up with more believable, real performances.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work