• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Negative external impacts of women's oppression on the economic and environmental welfare of Pakistan

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Austin Lazar 11/12/12 Dr. Vidovic Ecological Economics Pakistan Case Study Research Paper The subordination of women is a prevalent issue in many middle-eastern cultures today. The absence of women in the labor force, community and decision making positions in these middle eastern societies is a detrimental drag on their economic and environmental welfare. Longstanding beliefs and traditions in the muslim culture are geared toward oppression of women and minimal civil rights. Such traditions have held these countries back from keeping up with progressive countries around the globe. Saima Muhammad, a young woman featured in Half the Sky lives in the outskirts of Lahore, Pakistan, a country which epitomizes this previously mentioned gender disparity. Gender disparity was a formidable obstacle for Saima in her goal to pay off her husband?s three thousand dollar debt. When Saima would simply take the public bus to a local marketplace in order to sell goods for her family, she was scorned by her neighbors as a loose woman. Loose women contradicted these middle-eastern values, also making life much harder for them. Saima?s house was falling apart to the point where she was forced to send her daughter to her aunt?s house just for safety. Amidst these changes, Saima was constantly beaten by her husband out of pure frustration. Following the birth of Saima?s second girl, Saima?s mother-in-law suggested her husband find somebody else to marry because she wasn?t going to have a boy. ...read more.

Middle

The dominance of men in all decision-making positions includes the allocation of natural resources. Women have shown through their agricultural work that they are capable of caring for crops and the environment in a sustainable fashion but they aren?t given the opportunity. The methods of which the men of pakistan have decided are appropriate for their country include overgrazing. With a cow population that is higher than that of its people, resources are diminished through this exploitation. When there is drought along with over-exploitation, it results in poverty. Poverty in turn leads to overexploitation which worsens the problem of desertification, It is a vicious cycle. (Voice of America News) This environmental exploitation is arguably a result of the dominance of men throughout decision-making positions, and the lack of interactive opportunities given to women. Women?s roles in the awareness and education of environmental dangers throughout Pakistan are rare. This is partially a result of an enormous lack of women?s education investments. Increasing women in the workforce is a challenge as well as an opportunity for Pakistan to develop as a country. Clearly Pakistan?s low rate of female literacy is an obstacle to increasing female workforce participation. As education levels rise, labor force participation must also rise for Pakistan to capture fully its return on investment in girls education. (Coleman Pg.1) How can a Pakistani Woman teach her country about their environment, when their country doesn?t teach them how to read? ...read more.

Conclusion

Paying them the same wages as men and giving them the same responsibilities as men, there was an opportunity for comparison. The women?s agricultural output was greater than that of men?s, women also had an advantage in Mowing, Grasses for mulch, collecting farm leaves etc. Essentially, the policy instrument of which is being implemented in this situation can be seen as charity or gender equality. Charity is what the Sindh Rural Women?s Uplift Group is doing by giving these women an opportunity to be involved . Gender Equality is shown in the allocation of resources towards women for once instead of being put under the control of Pakistani men. The policy instrument of gender equality could be implemented towards economic development whether they sound related or not. In pakistan?s case, gender equality would result in an efficient allocation of resources through the implementation of females in authoritative environmental positions. The allocation of resources is better left in the hands of women for the good of the economy. Gender equity can be a determinant of just distribution of resources and income by allowing the female population of pakistan to rise to autonomy level, for once in history evenly distributing resources and income among women and men. An ecologically sustainable scale of the economy would come in time with the progression of women?s authoritative roles in not only agricultural or environmentally based occupancies, but half of Pakistan?s economy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Economics essays

  1. Allocation of Resources

    The mechanism for this, Smith saw as being the free price system.[1] The concept of the Invisible Hand is nearly always generalized beyond Smith's original discussion of domestic versus foreign trade. Smith himself participated in such generalization, as is already evident in his allusion to "many other cases", quoted above.

  2. An Investigation of Vietnam's Barriers of Economic Growth and Development

    However, at the moment the government budget is not enough to solve the electricity supply problem. First of all, if fewer goods are produced due to lack of electricity to operate machinery efficiently, economic growth will decrease. Furthermore, power surges disrupt the everyday lives of citizens, transportation, etc.

  1. What is the impact of the Notional Interest Tax Deduction system on investments in ...

    The opinion of the conclusion provided above, is also shared by the Belgian Government.

  2. Why do political questions so often boil down to economic issues? Is ...

    large corporations, because they pay minimum prices for production, while the profits from sales are huge, which makes corporations richer, larger and more powerful. Branded product with a visible logo has always been an object of our desires. While buying a pair of Nike shoes we are glad, because we buy an expensive product, with a logo of this corporation.

  1. The role of MNC headquarter

    Formalization When using formalization, the headquarter are for bureaucratic mechanisms in decision-making situations. This is exemplified by formal systems, established rules and prescribed procedures. As with the centralization, this form for integration is heavily based on headquarter involvement. But opposite of the centralization, the headquarter are involvement due to the

  2. commentary on environment

    If the US government accept to open up the area for oil exportation, obviously the companies and the US state profit would increase, but on the other hand, one of the prime habitat for the polar bears would disappear and it won't came back soon.

  1. 15 Historical Economic Questions on Mercatilism and the Development of European Countries.

    Raw materials would be shipped out of the Americas for the cheapest possible prices. Upon arrival in the mother colony, these raw materials were manufactured into ?manufactured goods?. These goods would then be shipped backed to the Americas and sold for expensive prices.

  2. Is there possibilities of war for resources?

    tropical rainforests, changes in the proportion of non-food crops to food crops may have even greater impacts on the available cropland for food production. The scarcity of other resources may prove serious as well. For example, today one in four people on the planet do not have access to safe

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work