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The national income and the GDP

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Introduction

The national income is the total net value of all goods and services produced within a nation over a specified period of time, representing the sum of wages, profits, rents, interest, and pension payments to residents of the nation. Standard of Living: The per capita GNP allows the economists to compare the standard of living of different nations. In general, a nation has a higher standard of living if its per capita GNP is greater than that of another nation. This also indicates whether the government of an economy has or has not been able to achieve its macroeconomic objective of economic growth. ...read more.

Middle

It helps to show the rate of growth or development of different nations. It used by businesses to make forecasts about future demand. This enables wide range of products. It will also make it easier for the businesses to compete overseas and entering new markets for wider customer bases. This will help economists decide whether the government is or isn?t being able to achieve its macroeconomic objective of balance of payment. b) The Gross Domestic Product measures the value of economic activity within a country. The GDP figures are usually in US dollars ($).GDP is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced domestically in a single year and is the single most important measure of macroeconomic performance. ...read more.

Conclusion

The expenditure approach is to add up the market value of all domestic expenditures made on final goods and services in a single year. Final goods and services are goods and services that have been purchased for final use or goods and services that will not be resold or used in production within the year. Intermediate goods and services, which are used in the production of final goods and services, are not included in the expenditure approach to GDP because expenditures on intermediate goods and services are included in the market value of expenditures made on final goods and services. Including expenditures on both intermediate and final goods and services would lead to double counting and an exaggeration of the true market value of GDP. ...read more.

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