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International Baccalaureate: Geography

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  1. Population Density Comparism

    This has also attracted both tourist and many people from rural areas. So the increase in population adds to the increase of population density in that area. In Jalandhar we see that as it's a rural district the population stays low therefore this plays one major role in leading to the low population density. Another point that I feel is correlated is that the people per household is proportionate to the number of population. This is because as the area of the district is limited when there is an increase in the population the average space per person will decrease, this will lead to a rise in the people per household and therefore cause a higher population density.

    • Word count: 1109
  2. Kobe Earthquakes

    The earthquake did not just destroy the big city but also the nation's confidence. Kobe is an important route centre. It has motorway (Hanshin Expressway) and intercity railway lines passing through it and a large modern port which handles millions of tones of trade each year. It is the world's sixth largest port. The earthquake caused a lot of damage to all the transport facilities. Port buildings and their contents were also badly damaged.

    • Word count: 517
  3. The contributors to the declining water quality

    The issues we are dealing with today regarding the share and need for water quality will definitely increase if we don't do anything. It is projected that in 2030 the world's overall population will increase with 2.1 billion people, 2 billion of these will be an expansion concentrated in cities and towns.

    • Word count: 532
  4. There are a variety of causes and constraints affecting peoples decisions to migrate permanently

    A third group of factors called barriers or intervening obstacles also play a role in migration. These include levels of literacy, bureaucracy, immigration laws, religion, family ties, lack of capital and travel costs. 3. The Selective Nature of Migration Selection can be the result of policies of the countries or regions involved in migration or it can be self-selection by the immigrants themselves. Both internal and external migrations are often selective. Selection can be linked to both opportunities and constraints that vary according to people's age, sex, level of wealth, skills and country of origin: � Immigration Quotas - Countries like New Zealand are seeking immigrants with specific skills and a (points system" is used to select would-be immigrants.

    • Word count: 2505
  5. HIV/AIDs in the UK

    The fact that there are so many people in the United Kingdom living with the virus has put a great strain on the NHS (National Health Service) in the UK. Although people see an MEDC such as The United Kingdom being able to cope well with a disease such as this, the truth is that it is extremely difficult - however, this is for different reasons than in an LEDC. One of the main problems is that people do not like to come forward for testing.

    • Word count: 1169
  6. Essay on Atmospheric Circulation

    This particular quote shows us that the atmosphere actually makes up at least one part of the climate. If we look at the way the atmosphere circulates around the earth, we can link climate and biomes to atmospheric circulation, and its influence on it. The trade winds north of the equator blow from the northeast and the trade winds south of the equator from the southeast. When they meet at the equator, the air rises, and as it rises it cools, forming rain clouds.

    • Word count: 898
  7. Free essay

    An investigation into the underlying factors affecting infiltration rates and their impacts in a green space in Brussels, Belgium

    The movement of water in the basin is part of the hydrological cycle. In the drainage basin, rain falls down to the surface and is either intercepted by foliage (interception storage), runs off into the river, or infiltrates through the soil and down into the underlying geology of the catchment area, where the water seeps through as throughflow (or groundwater flow, which is water that flows under the water table). Eventually, after this input of throughflow and groundwater flow as it seeps into the ocean, water evaporates into the atmosphere. Other outputs include evaporation, dependant on the temperature of the climate, and transpiration, if vegetation is abundant in the area.

    • Word count: 5459
  8. Impacts of AIDS

    Since the beginning of the epidemic, the number of heterosexual infections has increased dramatically. According to CDC estimates, heterosexual contact led to about one third of new AIDS diagnoses and one third of new HIV diagnoses in 2005.Around 19% of all adults and adolescents diagnosed with AIDS have been female. Among new AIDS diagnoses in 2005, this proportion was 27%. In Argentina the HIV hasn't already spread as in Africa or Europe. In 2005 there where 4300 deaths due to AIDS, but there are no children (ages 0-15)

    • Word count: 1796
  9. People live where it is easier to make a living

    There living is easier, since they are situated where it is easier to build houses and grow farms (in some cases). Also they have a good water supply and available resources, which is necessary to live in good conditions. Countries which now are densely populated where attractive for early settlement because they have physical factors that enabled contructors to build buildings (flat land and lowland plains). The climate also attracted them, since in those areas rainfall is reliable and evenly distributed throughout the year, there are no extreme temperatures and have a lengthly growing season.

    • Word count: 788
  10. The contrast of 2 cities of one million inhabitants: Oakland and Vienna

    I think that everybody knows that Vienna is famous for it's ancient and fascinating architecture. Well I can tell you that even after the destruction of some historic areas, the Viennese still managed to keep some monuments. I would conclude that this is the result of hard work and good organization. During the 1980's and the 1990's the city's population increased with the ending of communist regimes. People immigrated to Vienna and the population reached more than 1'600'000. So this is how Vienna grew: By renovating and building new things smartly and well organized.

    • Word count: 2194
  11. Raconte-moi New York

    Ce n'est qu'apr�s avoir v�ritablement dress� la t�te, qu'il se d�voile l�, le gardien de cette contr�e. New York ne se trouve jamais dans l'�tat de sommeil, car de nuit, elle s'illumine comme si elle s'�tait converti, d�guis�, mu� ou m�tamorphos� en un miroir, qui reflete des milliers d'�toiles d'un ciel Perseid.

    • Word count: 278
  12. The influence of a park in a CBD

    Although towe blocks cast more shadow, normal building material tend to be non-reflective and so absorb heat durind the day-time. Dark-coloured roofs, all have a high thermal capacity which means that they are capable of storing heat during the day and releasing is slowly during the night. Further heat is obtained from car fumes, factories, power stations, cetral heating, and people themselves. The term urban heat island acknowledges that, under calm conditions, temperatures are warmest in the more built-up city centre and decrease towards the suburbs and open countryside.2 The "Parque da Luz" is located in the center of S�o Paulo's city3.

    • Word count: 2002
  13. Fieldwork Urban Heat Islands

    It is estimated that only 3% of the territory are covered by vegetation. "Parque da Luz" was chosen because its location provides us a great example of urban heat island in S�o Paulo. We can see through the map 1 (page 3), that this park is located in the middle of S�o Paulo's CBD. As UHI can be diminished by reforestation, we can analyze if "Parque da Luz" is helping to diminish the urban heat island in S�o Paulo's CBD.

    • Word count: 1606
  14. Water conflict

    In Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas, the aquifer is depleted. As a result of this, irrigated areas are shrinking in these regions. Annually, 10% of world water withdrawal is used for domestic uses, 20% for industrial uses, and 70% for irrigated agriculture. Agriculture is heavily dependent on water withdrawal, and water deficit will bring disastrous impact to irrigated agriculture. Needless to say, the next step of water shortage will be food shortage. It is already a serious problem at present. It has been estimated that water shortage in terms of aquifer over pumping is 160 billion tons annually in India, China, the United States, North Africa, and Saudi Arabia.

    • Word count: 989
  15. Global Dimming

    Post 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centers in New York created the ideal opportunity to find out whether contour trails from aircrafts have an affect on the national temperature of America. Dr. David Travis of Wisconsin University took full use of this opportunity. Contrails cover over seventy-five percent of the skies over western America. After the 9/11 attack the entire American commercial fleet was grounded. Aviation transport came to a complete stand still. This was the optimum opportunity to discover whether contour lines from aircraft actually have an affect on the national temperature range.

    • Word count: 2299
  16. Mount Aso Essay

    Geologists have been able to determine what the internal structure of the earth looks like by studying wavelengths. When an earthquake occurs three different types of waves are formed, pressure, transverse and surface waves. These waves travel through solid and dense material very quickly. Observing the velocity of these waves result or determine the state of matter of the material, which they travel through. The study of these waves show that they reach a very high velocity at the most northern part of the earth where the crust and outer most part of the mantle is very solid and dense but further south towards the equator the waves slow down drastically and stop because they have reached the earth's core.

    • Word count: 1425
  17. global warming

    trap energy from the sun. Without these gases, heat would escape back into space and Earth's average temperature would be about 60�F colder. Because of how they warm our world, these gases are referred to as greenhouse gases. The Earth's atmosphere is all around us. It is the air that we breathe. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere behave much like the glass panes in a greenhouse. Sunlight enters the Earth's atmosphere, passing through the blanket of greenhouse gases. As it reaches the Earth's surface, land, water, and biosphere absorb the sunlight's energy.

    • Word count: 2157
  18. Dara todo por un sueo

    Adem�s la persecuci�n pol�tica hacia ciertas personas que tienen estrecha relaci�n con miembros del gobierno ha aumentado el deseo de los latinoamericanos a abandonar su pa�s en busca de una mejor vida, mas segura tanto econ�mica como pol�ticamente. Los sufrimientos f�sicos pueden variar si es que el mojado, como se les conoce a los migrantes indocumentados, paga una fuerte cantidad de dinero a un coyote o traficante de personas a trav�s de la frontera porque ellos los dirigen hacia los lugares mas seguros y les ofrecen mayores comodidades que el resto.

    • Word count: 639
  19. Geography - Tropical Rainforest Biome

    Orangutans move in specialized hand-over-hand motions called brachiation, and utilizes their body weight for movement within the upper levels of the rainforest. Furthermore, orangutans are recognizes as the most intelligent mammals next to humans, evidenced by their creation of feeding tools as well as construction of nests from branches and leaves each night, and construction of umbrellas from leaves. Additionally, the orangutan's throat sac enables it to perform the "long call", a mating call as well as a locational call.

    • Word count: 1723
  20. Global Warming

    The temperatures are increasing, the ice caps are melting and the sea level is increasing. All those things are caused by global warming which is caused by human beings. The cars, the fabrics and the oil platforms in the sea are producing so much CO2 that the atmosphere layers are getting more dense so the solar radiations reflected by the sea or the earth are reflected back from the atmosphere layers. These things cause the rise in temperature year after year, the rising temperatures cause the ice caps to melt and because of this the sea level rises.

    • Word count: 695
  21. Sao Paolo

    3. Density DENSITY Sao Paolo Similar to Population per Square Mile 21700 Singapore, Population per Square Kilometer 8400 Rio de Janeiro Sao Paulo's 18 million people live in a compact city. At an estimated 21,000 people per square mile, it is more than double the density of Paris, and nearly three times that of Los Angeles. 4. Birth/death rates The consistent reduction of the infant mortality rate (Figure 4), is in a reducing way, is an indication of the demographic transition in the city of Sao Paulo.

    • Word count: 2521
  22. Continued spending on hard engineering coastal defences cannot be justified in geomorphological, economic or environmental terms.

    This can be seen in the Estoril Coast in Portugal, which was being eroded by the sea. As this spot was attracting a lot of tourists it would have been a disadvantage for the businesses to lose the area to the sea, thus a lot of money was invested into engineering protection for that area around 3.2million Euros. There are a lot of solutions and they can be all classified under two headings Hard and Soft engineering. Soft Engineering is quite a recent event, where the engineers work with the environment.

    • Word count: 2078
  23. "One of the major problems facing the world in this the 21st century will not be overpopulation but over consumption" How far do you agree with this statement?

    However the issue of over consumption is mostly related to developed nations. However some developing nations pose a serious threat to the world's resources as they become more and more developed. This is of course China. Development One of the major pessimists to date is Lester Brown, who talks about the problems China will create when it comes out of poverty. The fact that almost all pessimists put forward is that all developing nations want to become like developed nations. The people of developing nations want to earn as much money as the developed nations.

    • Word count: 1654
  24. Economy of Congo

    The 40 square km mine belongs to the state diamond company Miniere du Bakwanga (MIBA) and produces diamonds worth between $6m and $8m every month thanks to the many mechanical shovels and the company's two washing plants. Little has been invested in education or other social services But all together, this region of Congo exports diamonds worth $30m every month. Investment With its history of wars and violence, DR Congo is considered a high-risk country and banks have in the past been reluctant to loan money to Congo's private companies, let alone those that are state owned.

    • Word count: 867
  25. Rice Production Case study

    Flooded areas are called paddies, not only can one grow rice fish can also be grown without effecting crop yields. This must be done in advance to accept sprouted seed from the seedbeds. In LEDC's this is all done by hand and is a back breaking job, done mostly by females, and if needed males would help out. In order to flooded fields and create paddies, one must construct "Bunds" and dams, to control the water for the paddies to ensure that it stays flooded, in Sungai Petani they rely on the Petani river to provide their fields with water.

    • Word count: 799

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