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Case Study of Urbanization in an LEDC final

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Case Study of Urbanization in an LEDC: Mexico City ***** IB Geography Year 1 Mr. ****** October 20 2008 Background: Mexico Mexico, officially known as the United Mexican States, is a federal constitutional republic in the North American Continent. As the world's 15th largest country, Mexico covers nearly two million square kilometers of land. It is boarder by the United States to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west, Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea to the South, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east. With a population of 100 million according to the 2008 state-estimate, Mexico is the world's 11th largest nation by population and is the world's largest Spanish-speaking nation. Mexico City is the one of the world's most populous metropolitan area, and PricewaterhouseCoopers estimates that over 19.2 million people are living in Metropolitan Mexico. It is located in the Valley of An�huac at coordinates 19�03 north and 99�22 west and is bounded by the state of Hidalgo to the north, Mexico state to the west, Tlaxacala and Puebla to the east, and Morelos to the south. Physically, it is surrounded by mountains on all four sides with only one small opening at the north. ...read more.


The number of annual IMECA shut downs since the 1990's have dropped dramatically over the past decade from more than five times to less than one Indicators of growth of Mexico City (Figure 4) (d) Reasons for growth The population growth of Mexico City is caused by multiple factors. Economically, Mexico City is the financial hub of Mexico and is responsible for about 21.8% of Mexico's Gross Domestic Product alone. Many Mexican's living in other parts of the country feel that they cannot survive in the country side because of a lack of work, basic services, and education and choose to move to Mexico City in hopes of a better future. According to Lee's model of migration, people tend to migrate from an origin of less desirable circumstances to a destination of higher living quality. In the documentary "Mexico City: Migration & Urbanization", we se this from the eyes of a Mexico City cab driver. He says that there is no work in the country, food is hard to find, roads are unpaved, a third his town lacks health care, and 80% of his town does not have running water; he moved to Mexico City because situations are better over there. ...read more.


In addition, the city council also have some very big plans they would like to initiate such as forcing gas stations to sell only unleaded fuel, providing vapour capturing systems for office buildings, and introducing alternative fuels for government vehicles. Over the years, the city has also considered some drastic measures to control air pollutants including a proposal to blow-up surrounding hills to allow for stronger ventilation and placing gigantic fans to increase air circulation. Many of these programs have worked miracles in Mexico City and have encouraged its citizens not only to care for the environment but also to carry out initiatives on their own. Nobody wishes to live in a polluted and congest city, and the citizens of Mexico City are no different. Independent organizers have planted over ten million trees in the Mexico City Metropolitan area, and have introduced the organic, inorganic, and 100% plastic trash cans to encourage citizens to improve the city's air quality and garbage system. The government and the general population of Mexico City are aware of the detrimental effects of urbanization and several programs have been implemented to reduce carbon emission, street garbage, and traffic congestion. Although there are still many social and economic obstacles in Mexico City, the government and its citizens are working hard to fight these problems one-step at a time. ...read more.

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