• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Case study on Aid and Famine in the Darfur Region

Extracts from this document...


Case Study aid famine Sudan Darfur region Introduction It is estimated that there are 600 million who do not have enough to eat. 400 million that are actually starving. And even more (2000 million) suffer from malnutrition. Famine is occurring in various parts of Africa. North of the equator the whole Sahel region is at risk but actual famine is taking place in Liberia, Sudan and Somalia. There are three main causes: war, failure of rain, a malfunction of traditional agricultural plantings and the use of land in order to export crops instead of food for the country. The consequences on Darfur due to the Darfur Crisis, the violence and the mass migrations are also many and varied. The majority of the effects are, however, social. Over 1 million people are suffering from starvation, disease and malnutrition. The restrictions determined by the Sudanese government on movement within Darfur, combined with the violence, are making it difficult for aid agencies to gain access to victims and villages. During a typical raid of a village in Darfur, attacking militia will murder and execute all the men in the village. ...read more.


With an extraordinary annual budget, and almost four years of large scale presence, the Darfur relief operation will enter the coming rainy season witnessing many numbers of malnourished civilians, particularly children. Much of the evidence showing that this was going to happen has been available for some time, but the brutal regime in Khartoum has used its bureaucratic powers and threats of humanitarian expulsion to intimidate both UN and international nongovernmental relief organizations (INGO's). The most culpable silence is that of the UN children's agency, UNICEF, lead agency for reporting on malnutrition in Darfur. This is the organization that has calculated it is better to allow critical humanitarian truths to be concealed than to risk offending a genocidal regime that has the perverse power to control humanitarian access. Malnutrition rates, especially for children under five, already exceed emergency thresholds in much of Darfur, as they did more than half a year ago when UNICEF last oversaw a published malnutrition study. This is not surprising, given a range of reports and anecdotal evidence going back to the beginning of the year. ...read more.


Even so, at any one time there may be hundreds of thousands of people beyond the reach of WFP. More than 3 million people are dependent to varying degrees on food assistance. The gains in addressing malnutrition achieved since major humanitarian efforts began in 2004 are all being lost. Causes of famine Most famines are caused by a combination of political, economic, and biological factors. In some modern cases, it is political strife, poverty, and violence that disrupt the agricultural and food distribution processes. Modern famines have often occurred in nations that, as a whole, were not initially suffering a shortage of food. The failure of a harvest or the change in conditions, such as drought, can create a situation whereby large numbers of people live where the carrying capacity of the land has temporarily dropped radically. Famine is often associated with subsistence agriculture, that is, where most farming is aimed at producing enough food energy to survive. The total absence of agriculture in an economically strong area does not cause famine; Arizona and other wealthy regions import the vast majority of their food, since such regions produce sufficient economic goods for trade. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Case study on Aral Sea

    is able to spread the pollutants around the world, this also gives us reason in why pesticides from the Aral region are found out in blood of penguins in the Antarctic Continent. The Aral dust is also falling on glaciers of Greenland, on forests of Norway, and on fields of Belorussia, which are far-off from Central Asia by thousands kilometres.

  2. Food aid: case study

    rate of 3.4 percent (or about 400,000 additional people per year to feed). Niger is reaching the limits of the quantity of food it can produce and in the future, even in a good rainfall year, it will not be able to produce enough to feed its population.

  1. Geography HCMC Fieldwork Report

    Tourist will pay high charges but many of them prefer to stay near Dong Khoi Street because of these reasons. In conclusion, they may satisfy with their trip. See Fig 1.14, you can realize people who stayed at DK Street; they graded HCMC higher than people who stayed at PNL when we take error into consideration.

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    are called up for reservist training, there is broad recognition of the importance of national service. 65. Perhaps there is no better way to express the pride we feel about being Singaporean than the joy and jubilation at the annual National Day Parade.

  1. Gentrification Case Study

    It is the most dense collection of skyscrapers in Africa, however due to white flight and urban blight, many of the buildings are unoccupied as tenants have left for more secure locations in the Northern Suburbs. There are significant movements to revive the area for gentrification.

  2. Geography FiledWork: Study of CBD

    DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS Hypothesis I - The height of buildings Hypothesis II - The environmental quality Hypothesis Confirmed? The cleanliness should decrease No The street furniture should decrease No The noise should increase No The quality of buildings should decrease No The environment / surroundings should get worse No

  1. Geography Field Study - Delineating the CBD Antwerp

    For the southern transect (7.2), this was less apparent. To the west (7.3), on the left-hand side there is a decrease in heights, but for the right-hand side, the heights remain similar with the exception of the anomaly of the tall KBC building (one of the first skyscrapers in Europe - Figure 7.5).

  2. Caribbean Studies. Essay on Caribbean Region

    From the vast information presented in the first two paragraphs we can move to other concepts in geography. Let us consider geographical locations. The terms location and place in geography are used to identify a point or an area on the Earth's surface or elsewhere.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work