• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

China's One Child Policy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sasha Zouev Geography 09/11/05 China's One Child Policy China is the 3rd biggest country in the world in terms of land area. However in terms of population, China is by far the leading nation with a population of roughly 1,306,313,000 people (2005 est). Brief History of China's Population 1905 - 1978 China was founded in 1949 at a time when the country had a population of about 540 million. Within three decades the population was above 800 million. This record population boost from the 1950s to the 1970s fashioned a strong population momentum that is motivating China's population expansion in spite of already low levels of fertility. It is hypothesized that China's population will grow to some 1.48 billion. Nonetheless, all of this growth will take place during the next 25 years. In its most recent medium variant projection, the UN Population Division estimates that China's population will rise by 260 million between 1995 and 2025. This certainly causes a major crisis for China's food supply: within only three decades the nation will have to feed an additional 260 million people (equivalent to the total population of the USA). ...read more.

Middle

Mao aimed to hand control oveer to the peasants trhough industrialisation in rurul places and set high targets for agruculture. These plans ended with disorganised production and famine, causing the population to drop by 14 million between 59' and 62'. Infant mortality reached around 284 per 1000, compared to 38 per 1000 in the late 1990's. The government introduced a family planing programme, that acted as a national policy of one child to urban couples, while couples in the countryside are "allowed" two children and cannot have three. How was it necessary? The one-child policy was established to limit communist China's population growth. It limits couples to one child. Fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization accompanied second or subsequent pregnancies. The sheer size of the Chinese population puts increased demands on services such as food, housing, education and employment. Moreover, during the 1970's, the Chinese government feared that further population growth would cause a mass starvation by the end of the century. ...read more.

Conclusion

But it is considered that this is the effect of widespread underreporting of female births, in addition to the prohibited practice of sex-selective abortions which is possible due to the extensive availability of ultrasound. Whilst the reported proportion between male and female births in China does fluctuate considerably from the natural baseline, it is similar to the ratios in Taiwan, South Korea, and India, who do not have a firm family planning policy. Conclusion / How does this throw light onto the Malthus v. Boserup debate? In relation to the Malthus and Boserup theories, it becomes quiet apparent that what Malthus hypothesized has indeed lead to some truth in China. There are indeed famines in many areas of China, where there simply is not enough food to feed the hungry mouths of rural children. However it must also be kept in mind, that China is arguably the world's fastest growing and still thriving economies, with many financial possibilities, supporting Boserup's argument that a vast population leads to great technological advances. Initially, the reason that China has such overpopulation problems is because the government believed Boserup's theories to extreme depths, and there were simply too many people to handle - depicting Malthus's hypothesis. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

A mixed review of the one child policy in China. It does not give much detail on the policy itself (i.e. the incentives and punishments) but does give some background as to why the policy was brought in.
3 stars

Marked by teacher Eleanor Wilson 08/01/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the causes and the effects of biodiversity loss in the Tropical Rainforests

    4 star(s)

    the case since at least the 1970s: government figures attributed 38 percent of deforestation from 1966-1975 to large-scale cattle ranching. According to the CIFOR, between 1990 and 2001 the percentage of Europe's meat imports that came from Brazil rose from 40-74%.

  2. Free essay

    China One Child Policy

    4 star(s)

    The policy had some modifications in the past years. The government relaxed the policy in the countryside for couples that their first child was a girl. Mechanism There are numerous methods used by the policy to insure that the population is controlled.

  1. Crude oil essay. In this paper I shall talk about crude oil being ...

    they must be having machines to take out impurities. In these machines, compounds are changed into other compounds. E.G * C2H4+H2 C2H6 * C5H10+(catalyst) C4H10+C * C5H10+(catalyst) C3H6+C2H4 These equations show the breakdown of hydrocarbons into smaller safer hydrocarbons. It can be seen in the second equation how Pentene gets broken down (with the help of a catalyst)

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    This will add a cosmopolitan flavour to Singapore and enable us to compete in the big league. 10. Singapore is a small country with no natural resources and a small population. In welcoming foreign talent, we benefit from global education and training resources and use it to supplement and complement our own.

  1. Development vs. Conservation - A Debate

    However, of this 3%, around two thirds of this are in the forms of glaciers and permanent snow, and thus can't be used. This leaves one third, or approximately 1%. However, of this remaining third, 30% is stored as ground water, which is pure, but very expensive and hard to extract.

  2. Is China poised to become the world's number 1 superpower?

    It would appear that China has the economic strength that is by definition required to become a superpower. However, other statistics make it more difficult to draw conclusions regarding China's economic strength, and its potential as a superpower. In 2003, China's GDP ranked 6th in the world, as well as 9th in terms of its share of world trade.

  1. Fieldwork Urban Heat Islands

    "Parque da Luz" is the oldest public park in the city; it was inaugurated in 1825 when it was called "Jardim Bot�nico da Luz". For this Fieldwork the following Research Question was elaborated: To what extent does "Parque da Luz" influences the heat islands within S�o Paulo's CBD?

  2. Why do China and Hong Kong have an ageing population? What influence have political ...

    The one child policy in China is the main reason why it has an ageing population and this is also why the problem in Hong Kong is not as serious as China.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work