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Contrast and compare the causes and effects of internal and international migration

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Introduction

Contrast and compare the causes and effects of internal and international migration Internal migration Internal migration is migration within a given country, such as the movement from rural areas to urban areas (mainly in MEDCs), the urbanisation. The causes for include all three types of causes, which are macro-level, meso-level and micro-level ones. Internal migration divides into voluntary internal migration, such as the moving to another working place (e.g. London to Manchester) and into the forced internal migration, such as migration forced by a natural disaster (e.g. in Japan, moving from Sendai to Tokyo because of the radioactivity). International migration International migration occurs when people cross the borders of countries to live and work in a different country. ...read more.

Middle

The meso-level causes also include individual choices of the migrants. The micro-level causes for voluntary international migration are specific circumstances of individual people. A good example for voluntary international migration is the moving from Germany to England for school. Many young German people migrate every year to England to go to school and are voluntary international migrants. Forced international migration occurs when people are forced to move to a different country. A very common example for the forced international migration is the migration during and after war, when a lot of people move away from the war-zone and immigrate to more peaceful countries. For example are there three million afghan people who had to immigrate to other countries, such as Germany, the UK, the US and Pakistan because of long-term war in Afghanistan. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, the three types of voluntary migration, macro-level, meso-level and micro-level are existing both in the internal and the international migration. Also in the case of forced migration, both opportunities of migration are possible. But there are always situations, where just one of those two types of migration is fitting. For example in a war situation, often the international (forced) migration is the better way to move away from war and to get into a peaceful region. Conclusion As a conclusion it has to be mentioned that the choice of the type of migration, internal or international migration, is dependent from various circumstances, such as the financial, familiar, cultural and ethical situation of the people who want / have to migrate. The internal and the international migration are very similar types of migration caused by the same migration causes. ...read more.

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