• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Crude oil essay. In this paper I shall talk about crude oil being a valuable resource that will soon run out.

Extracts from this document...


Crude Oil Introduction Crude oil is a resource that is essential in our society. Our lives virtually run on this fossil fuel and it is hard to imagine a world without it. Though due to the fact that fossil fuels are non-renewable sources of energy soon this shall be the case. In this paper I shall talk about crude oil being a valuable resource that will soon run out. Formation: Fossil fuels are hydrocarbon containing natural resources found underground. These natural resources were formed by the remains of animals and plants, also known as biomass, from over 150 million years; this is when the dead sea life and animals were buried under the sea bead. Over millions of years the biomass became covered in silt, sand, mud and other various products that slowly formed into sedimentary rock. The mass of sedimentary rock enables huge pressure to be exerted onto the biomass, this factor combined with the temperature and the fact that there is little to no oxygen and there is bacteria that aids to decay the remains of the animals and plants, causes the material to become oil or other fossil fuels. There are 3 main examples of fossil fuels, Coal, natural gas and crude oil. ...read more.


300-400 Lubricant for machines and engines Bitumen C50 upwards Above 500 Road surface and roofing Fractional distillation is started by putting crude in a fractional column and a furnace is placed at the bottom and it heats up the crude oil. Compounds with lower boiling points evaporate and rise to the top of the column and are collected there. In this image we see different parts of a refinery that are used to further convert fractions to gasoline, ethane and hydrogen. The fractional column is present with a reformer, alkylation unit, cracking units and a Coker. Once the crude oil has been fractionally distilled, the fractions (stated above in the table) can be converted into more useful chemicals by the processes known as cracking, using the reformer, the alkylation unit and a Coker. Cracking is used to break down large hydrocarbon molecules into smaller ones so that they change their state and become more useful. Cracking is generally used to break down oils into motor oil, jet fuel or diesel fuel as illustrated by the diagram. There are two main forms of cracking, thermal decomposition: where the long chains of hydrocarbons are heated till vaporized. ...read more.


Alternatives to polluting fossil fuels are being looked into, and are an upcoming field as researchers are only beginning to see how pollution is truly effecting our environment. Conclusion Crude oil, amongst other things is something we, as teens, take for granted. We do not think about how it is affecting the planet we only care that it helps to take us where we need to go. In writing this paper, I have realized how much money is put into producing this finite resource, and I am more aware of the processes used to refine crude oil and why hydrocarbons are so important in today's world. I have also drawn from this product how dependant the world is on crude oil and fossil fuels in general. The science behind this topic has made this an interesting theme to cover. WEBSITES http://www.naturalgas.org/overview/background.asp http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum http://www.sciencedaily.com/news/matter_energy/alternative_fuels/ http://www.chemguide.co.uk/organicprops/alkanes/cracking.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_fuel www.bbc.co.uk-( fractional distillation image) www.wikipedia.com-search: oil refinery, petroleum www.google.com-images-crude oil, fractional distillation http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/onlcourse/chm110/outlines/distill.html http://www.dit.ie/DIT/science/chemistry/rsccomp/competition00/distillation/topframe.html-( BP data table) www.howstuffworks.com-crude oil FOTOS http://www.edinformatics.com/math_science/alternative_energy/fossil_fuel/natural_gas_basics.htm http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=oil_home-basics Books: How things work - national geographic: john Langone Explaining chemical processes 4th edition: Kenneth A. Solen I had help from Naveen das (my brother, University Cambridge, UK, reading 2nd year Chemical engineering) and Carmen Marin from the year above as well, as they both help with organization and explaining difficult concepts such as cracking. Priya Das 5.08.10 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Population Essay

    4 star(s)

    It's clear that due to this people have to work harder and longer in order to maintain mostly the young dependents (aged under 15). But of course in Africa kids are seen as labor - more hands! So this will be less hard and longer than normally.

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    This will add a cosmopolitan flavour to Singapore and enable us to compete in the big league. 10. Singapore is a small country with no natural resources and a small population. In welcoming foreign talent, we benefit from global education and training resources and use it to supplement and complement our own.

  1. HIV AIDS -Impacts and Mitigation

    HIV voluntary counselling & testing (VCT) should be an important part of any country's response to AIDS. The number of VCT sites in South Africa has increased significantly in recent years, with 4,172 operational by November 2006. Several campaigns operate through telephone lines, clinics, pamphlets & youth centres where they provide as much information & medical care as they can.

  2. Global Warming, the problem, the potential impacts and alternatives to fossil fuels.

    Food Production will be effected because of the increase of salt in water and soil due to sea water submerging land. With high winds on a beach, the salt in the sea water will blow onto crops limiting their growth size and time.

  1. The Problem of Corruption in Egypt

    32% of the surveyed companies believe that the anti-corruption laws of Egypt are not effective in fighting corruption. * The report states that the survey showed that 73% of the companies are willing to get involved in the fight against corruption in Egypt.

  2. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    Hazardous materials such as polystyrene beads and radioactive materials are prohibited from entry into Antarctica; most other wastes are to be incinerated in a two-stage high incinerator with the resultant ash returned to Australia, metals, plastics, paper, cardboard and glass are separated and returned to Australia for recycling and the

  1. Illegal Immigration and Lebanon Postion Paper

    Israel and Syria and right now with the conflict going on its makes it a very vulnerable nation to seek asylum or illegally migrate in too. Lebanon is aware of this issue they face. The phenomena was limited over the past years for some illegal immigrants from the countries who

  2. Caribbean Studies. Essay on Caribbean Region

    Likewise, while Washington D.C. is not a state and effectively a territory, it is not an external territory and thus not counted as such. Another definition of territory usually is found in conjunction with the word "disputed" or "occupied." Disputed territories and occupied territories refer to places where the jurisdiction of the place (which country owns the land)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work