• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Crude oil essay. In this paper I shall talk about crude oil being a valuable resource that will soon run out.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Crude Oil Introduction Crude oil is a resource that is essential in our society. Our lives virtually run on this fossil fuel and it is hard to imagine a world without it. Though due to the fact that fossil fuels are non-renewable sources of energy soon this shall be the case. In this paper I shall talk about crude oil being a valuable resource that will soon run out. Formation: Fossil fuels are hydrocarbon containing natural resources found underground. These natural resources were formed by the remains of animals and plants, also known as biomass, from over 150 million years; this is when the dead sea life and animals were buried under the sea bead. Over millions of years the biomass became covered in silt, sand, mud and other various products that slowly formed into sedimentary rock. The mass of sedimentary rock enables huge pressure to be exerted onto the biomass, this factor combined with the temperature and the fact that there is little to no oxygen and there is bacteria that aids to decay the remains of the animals and plants, causes the material to become oil or other fossil fuels. There are 3 main examples of fossil fuels, Coal, natural gas and crude oil. ...read more.

Middle

300-400 Lubricant for machines and engines Bitumen C50 upwards Above 500 Road surface and roofing Fractional distillation is started by putting crude in a fractional column and a furnace is placed at the bottom and it heats up the crude oil. Compounds with lower boiling points evaporate and rise to the top of the column and are collected there. In this image we see different parts of a refinery that are used to further convert fractions to gasoline, ethane and hydrogen. The fractional column is present with a reformer, alkylation unit, cracking units and a Coker. Once the crude oil has been fractionally distilled, the fractions (stated above in the table) can be converted into more useful chemicals by the processes known as cracking, using the reformer, the alkylation unit and a Coker. Cracking is used to break down large hydrocarbon molecules into smaller ones so that they change their state and become more useful. Cracking is generally used to break down oils into motor oil, jet fuel or diesel fuel as illustrated by the diagram. There are two main forms of cracking, thermal decomposition: where the long chains of hydrocarbons are heated till vaporized. ...read more.

Conclusion

Alternatives to polluting fossil fuels are being looked into, and are an upcoming field as researchers are only beginning to see how pollution is truly effecting our environment. Conclusion Crude oil, amongst other things is something we, as teens, take for granted. We do not think about how it is affecting the planet we only care that it helps to take us where we need to go. In writing this paper, I have realized how much money is put into producing this finite resource, and I am more aware of the processes used to refine crude oil and why hydrocarbons are so important in today's world. I have also drawn from this product how dependant the world is on crude oil and fossil fuels in general. The science behind this topic has made this an interesting theme to cover. WEBSITES http://www.naturalgas.org/overview/background.asp http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum http://www.sciencedaily.com/news/matter_energy/alternative_fuels/ http://www.chemguide.co.uk/organicprops/alkanes/cracking.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_fuel www.bbc.co.uk-( fractional distillation image) www.wikipedia.com-search: oil refinery, petroleum www.google.com-images-crude oil, fractional distillation http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/onlcourse/chm110/outlines/distill.html http://www.dit.ie/DIT/science/chemistry/rsccomp/competition00/distillation/topframe.html-( BP data table) www.howstuffworks.com-crude oil FOTOS http://www.edinformatics.com/math_science/alternative_energy/fossil_fuel/natural_gas_basics.htm http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=oil_home-basics Books: How things work - national geographic: john Langone Explaining chemical processes 4th edition: Kenneth A. Solen I had help from Naveen das (my brother, University Cambridge, UK, reading 2nd year Chemical engineering) and Carmen Marin from the year above as well, as they both help with organization and explaining difficult concepts such as cracking. Priya Das 5.08.10 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Population Essay

    4 star(s)

    In contrary to LEDC's, in MEDC's children are merely seen as a financial burden, and therefore they're competing with wealth. The high birth rates in Africa are causing a problem opposite to Japan's problem. They're causing what's called a youthful population.

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    We need talent to deal with forces of globalisation and the challenges wrought by advances in technology, especially Information Technology (IT). We need talent to stay ahead. 6. Major cities around the world have thrived because of talent and their ability to absorb the best and brightest.

  1. There are a variety of causes and constraints affecting peoples decisions to migrate ...

    Many "Asians" (largely people of Indian origin) immigrated to Britain from Uganda to flee from political persecution under the presidency of Idi Amin. This coincided with a period of economic growth for Britain and a labour shortage. Organisations such as London Underground and Wycombe furniture factories actively recruited in Commonwealth

  2. Is the introduction of foreign talent in Singapore beneficial to Singaporeans?

    Officials say the influx will help job creation by developing service industries and start-up companies that can hire local workers. But some economists suggest that Singapore should cut the number of low-skilled foreigners to promote local hirings and higher wages.

  1. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    If you were travelling to a penguin colony 90 kilometres away from Mawson Station, you would most likely travel by a small plane or helicopter capable of landing without requiring a constructed airstrip or helipad. These to options would be far better than by land as conditions along the

  2. Illegal Immigration and Lebanon Postion Paper

    Relations between the two countries have been strained, especially with the 29-year Syrian Occupation of Lebanon, accusations of Syrian intervention within Lebanese politics before and after withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon, and suspicions of Syria assassinating Lebanese political figures like former prime minister Rafic Hariri.

  1. The Problem of Corruption in Egypt

    * According to the Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies Egypt SME Survey Report 2009, 42% of the surveyed SMEs report having paid bribes to obtain necessary licenses in the establishment process, while 29% paid bribes to government officials during the operation of the company, while those who did

  2. Caribbean Studies. Essay on Caribbean Region

    Likewise, while Washington D.C. is not a state and effectively a territory, it is not an external territory and thus not counted as such. Another definition of territory usually is found in conjunction with the word "disputed" or "occupied." Disputed territories and occupied territories refer to places where the jurisdiction of the place (which country owns the land)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work