• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Economy of Congo

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Economy of Congo Dem. Republic. * Trade DR Congo's economy has been stifled by years of conflict and corruption. But mineral reserves mean it has potential to be a wealthy country. The $870m diamond industry provides work for around one million people, but many diggers earn less than $1 a day in dangerous conditions. Between 1999 and 2001, DR Congo enjoyed a brief coltan boom, becoming the second largest producer of tantalum - used in mobile phones. War has disrupted farming as well as trade and the country lacks infrastructure to provide adequate food, clean water, healthcare and education. It is hoped the elections will create an environment for greater foreign investment and a more organised exploitation of resources. * Level of income per capita Congo (Dem. Rep.)-18%. Clandestine miners live on about $1 a day. The 40 square km mine belongs to the state diamond company Miniere du Bakwanga (MIBA) ...read more.

Middle

This would generate a turnover of $1bn per year, at least 30% of which would be pure profit. * Aids Those who live along the banks of the Congo river in this sprawling and dilapidated city are used to hardship, despite the potential wealth of this vast country. It was plundered by Mobutu, ripped apart by foreign armies in the war, and now faces economic upheaval as the new President, Joseph Kabila, scraps low fuel prices and lets the currency float. That move may please the IMF, but it has forced up prices, which makes life even harder for those with HIV/AIDS and unable to earn a living. For those who can afford treatment, Kinshasa has a general hospital, the largest in the country. Patients pay for everything their beds, treatment, medicines where available, even HIV tests, and rely on families or friends to bring them food. Even a public ward like this costs two dollars a day, well out of the reach of many who are sick. ...read more.

Conclusion

And the orphans of parents killed by AIDS now present a massive social problem for the Congo and for Africa. An English lesson at St Valentine school, out near Kinshasa airport. Almost all the children are orphans, their fees paid by a Congolese charity. Judith Tudiongonga is just 15. Her mother died of AIDS three years ago, her father one year ago. Now when she leaves school, she has to walk home in her broken shoes, a journey of nearly an hour, and act like a mother herself. Her two brothers and sister, aged from nine to six, have been waiting for her return. They are a sad, quiet, young family, worried about their future. Judith wants to find a job when she leaves school so she can continue to look after them. But she's terrified that they could all lose their home. An aunt, a member of her father's family, is trying to seize the house, a common practice in Kinshasa, where a surviving wife and children often find themselves evicted after a husband has died. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    Soccer fans recognise the need for scouting and bringing foreign talent into Singapore's soccer scene to enhance the standard of the game and the local soccer players here. A typical call by fans is for Football Association of Singapore (FAS)

  2. The coastline of the resort of Sitges is being effectively managed

    In various parts of this beach there was no sea defences and that is taking its toll as closely behind this beach is a nightclub, but, more importantly a railway line connecting Sitges to Barcelona so it is crucial to keep that protected.

  1. HIV AIDS -Impacts and Mitigation

    In December 1998, Gugu Dlamini, an AIDS activist, was beaten to death after declaring that she was HIV-positive on World AIDS Day. Since Africa, as a whole, is a male-dominant society, women are often unable to negotiate safer sex & frequently involved with men who have several sexual partners.

  2. Geography Course Work

    We only did 32 survey sites in total; this was mainly due to lack of time. To calculate the wind speed a simple method was used; by placing a measuring pole upright in the sand on the appropriate site and then placing a small ball of cotton wool on the top of the pole.

  1. Is the introduction of foreign talent in Singapore beneficial to Singaporeans?

    "Foreign labour policies might be tightened if political stress emerges in the future," says Chua Hak Bin, regional economist at Citigroup in Singapore. "Such a risk cannot be dismissed as foreigners could reach half of the total population." Is the introduction of foreign talent in Singapore beneficial to Singaporeans?

  2. Impacts of AIDS

    Only condoms provide 'all-in-one' protection from pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections including HIV. * Direct innoculation of the virus - for example infection through contaminated needles * Contaminated blood products / transplanted organs. * An infected mother may sometimes pass the virus to her developing fetus during the birth or breast milk.

  1. The Problem of Corruption in Egypt

    influences of government, citizens, or company a score of 4.1 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'heavily influenced' and 7 'entirely independent'). Police * Police are known to demand bribes and to violently abuse prisoners and detainees. The government has prosecuted some police officers involved in corruption and abuse of power.

  2. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    As for the problem of destruction to wildlife habitats, the ADD has developed laws that prohibit the use of wildlife-important areas for human use. As a result of this, scientists and visitors are banned from using areas with high importance to animal activity (i.e.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work