• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Fukushima Earthquake And Tsunami 2011

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Fukushima Earthquake And Tsunami 2011 Essay Science’s solutions to detecting Tectonic Movements And Earthquakes Macintosh HD:Users:160161:.Trash:images-1.jpeg Macintosh HD:Users:160161:Desktop:Unknown-2.jpeg Macintosh HD:Users:160161:Desktop:Screen Shot 2013-10-27 at 5.33.43 PM.png Fukushima Essay In March 2011, Japan was struck by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and a following tsunami. Authorities concluded that the earthquake was the cause of the Pacific plate releasing the friction built up after years converged under the North American plate (as shown in figure 3) along the fault line that lies kilometres away from Japan’s coastline. (Urbano, 2011)This caused the friction to spread through the ground-and what was originally said to be a magnitude 6.6 earthquake through the evaluation of incomprehensive readings from seismometers- shook Japan for over five minutes. The resulting tsunami was triggered by the explosive energy released by the earthquake. However, its damage was minimized by 10m high sea walls and the modeling of buildings along the coast, which had applied various scientific techniques to reduce impact from waves on actual buildings. Macintosh HD:Users:160161:Desktop:Unknown-1.jpeg Earthquakes are a very significant problem around the globe and can cause havoc through towns. The Japan earthquake and following tsunami resulted in 20000 deaths and caused the destruction of entire towns and many coastal areas of the country- the most notably being the TÅhoku region in Honshu. (Pletcher, 2013) A large percentage of the damage and lives lost could have been avoided if sciences techniques in detecting earthquakes- such as seismometers- would have alerted authorities in advance rather than minutes before the earthquake struck, as well as conveyed more accurate readings. ...read more.

Middle

Unlike NASA?s InSAR satellite technology that can detect earthquakes day before they occur (due to its ability to detect even 1cm of movement within the earth) (NASA, 2011), seismometers are only able to detect earthquakes minutes before they happen and the only way scientists can actually issue a warning in advance is if they look closely at the patterns in previous earthquakes or try and interpret seismic readings days before and see if there are any abnormalities. The limitations of possible inaccuracy with data and late warnings made the use of the seismometers quite ineffective during the earthquake. Although seismometers are able to pinpoint the exact location of the epicentre so that aftershocks can be predicted and are able to give a few minutes of warning about the magnitude, it is a scientific device that?s success can easily be affected by influence human error plays in analyzing its data on computers. Sea walls were implemented in Japan to protect its coastal cities from tsunamis. The science behind them is that its strong concrete material, from which it is made of, should be able to block the force of a tsunami. Their height- 10 metres above sea level- were supposed to be sufficient to stop most tsunamis as evidence shows that it is very rare in any part of the world for a tsunami over 10m to a region that is not directly over the fault line. ...read more.

Conclusion

This had a chain reaction on the economy with a major dip in Japan?s GDP (as shown in graph 1) during the period. Conclusion For many years now, scientists have attempted to come up with ways to detect and consequently, prevent earthquakes with measured success- especially in the Fukushima earthquake of 2011. Although the application of science through the use of seismometers potentially saved thousands of lives in the few minutes of warning, it?s accuracy and timing was not enough to stop a nuclear disaster. The 10m sea walls that were located around Japans shoreline also proved ineffective as the tsunami soared over them, leaving all types of buildings to be struck down by the shear force of the waves. However, scientists continue to apply their knowledge of earthquakes, tectonic movement and seismic waves so that they can enhance this solution for future earthquakes around the globe. Seismometers and sea walls fit into the world environment nicely as they do not affect it, but rather help to prevent damage occurring to it, whilst the modeling of buildings simply has the same impact as normal buildings do. Economic wise though, billions of dollars are put into the science and evidence shown from Japan might suggest, too much money for fairly inconclusive success. There are some variables in science that we can?t control, but what can be controlled is minimizing their damage to civilization through the processes of detecting and preventing damage. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Aral Sea

    5 star(s)

    However such power stations significantly contribute to the loss of biodiversity in rainforests due to the immense flooding caused by hydroelectric power dams. For example, the Tucurui Dam in Brazil takes up a massive area of 2875 square kilometers. Building the dam not only imposed a threat upon numerous trees

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Population Essay

    4 star(s)

    It's clear that due to this people have to work harder and longer in order to maintain mostly the young dependents (aged under 15). But of course in Africa kids are seen as labor - more hands! So this will be less hard and longer than normally.

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    To us, citizenship is more than economics. Citizenship confers intangible benefits, and it also requires commitment beyond mere economic contribution. Above all, citizenship is about belonging to a place, having a sense of ownership and calling it home. This is a right for those born here, but a privilege we

  2. Case study on Aral Sea

    Fisheries have moved to delta lakes and Lake Sarykamysh formed from drainage waters. Below is a graph that shows how much fish was caught in tonnes from 1929 to1983. This is during the time the Aral Sea was shrinking and by looking at the graph we can see how the

  1. Study of Agricultural Systems

    The land is relatively cheap, so large areas can be purchased. An increase in the use of contract labour, especially at harvest times, reflects the small labour force employed full-time on farms. In conclusion, extensive commercial farming is a sustainable and stable form of agriculture because the level of input

  2. Free essay

    An investigation into the underlying factors affecting infiltration rates and their impacts in a ...

    and near vegetation. It was an area most exposed to sun and with nearby vegetation containing an abundance of roots that could have affected infiltration rates. Site two was near one of the ponds. Because this is essentially the bottom of the run-off slope, and is near a pond, much

  1. Antarctica Report - The Location And Purpose Of Mawson Station

    the ice-free period usually experienced in February, a ship may anchor within 100 metres of the station. Barges carrying the cargo would take only a few minutes to travel from the ship to station as it is located right on the shore.

  2. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    Climate: Mawson?s climate is typical of much of the coast of East Antarctica where the ice caps are present at sea level. The climate of Mawson Station can be described and categorized into four main areas: rainfall, temperatures, wind speeds and direction and mean daily averages.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work