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Globalization Case Study

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Globalization is the trend of merging unique markets and cultures to a generally uniform structure. (Pic of 2 cities and their uniformity) 1 It is the force that is opening up world markets and creating a more communicative global society, and is creating many common links for societies and cultures that had few before. Globalization has created a global market where one country can trade with any country in the world, but also competes with any country in the world. This is a giant problem for undeveloped countries, as they are competing against fully developed countries that can produce more products at a higher rate. New York Tokyo This gives a humongous advantage to technologically advanced nations, but being involved in the world market can ensure a nation's ambition for wealth and power. These underdeveloped countries recognize this and are desperate to develop. This development is becoming more and more controlled by giant corporations that have become extremely rich through the new markets brought on by globalization. These Corporations have become more powerful than many undeveloped nations, such as Exxon mobile and Wal-Mart, which made 404.5 and 387.6 billion respectfully, in revenue in 2007. Nations desperate to gain the global market advantage and to develop will do anything to allow corporate investment in their countries that will encourage economic development. This situation brought on by globalization at the global level has led to corporations having unlimited power in developing nations, in which environmental laws can be ignored by the corporations in favour of bigger profits, and that politicians can be bribed to allow policies and labour laws that are friendly towards that corporation. 2 McDonalds in Beijing, China. An example would be child labour laws in china for major clothing manufactures. These corporations also generally bring the culture and ways of business from their home country to their new host country, such as in picture 2. ...read more.

Middle

Not only is this mini colonization, but globalization through tourism is evident in more obvious ways by a merging of cultures. Tourists still buy food or souvenirs at local markets. But for the locals to get the tourist to buy at their store, they have to make their attitude and society more agreeable to the tourist. So instead of tourist arriving to a new exotic land, they are enticed by the familiar disguised as the exotic, with Haitian themes and ideas deformed to meet the tourists' culture. In essence it is the tourist bringing their culture to Haiti, and not Haiti bringing their culture to the tourist. This merging of cultures' and some say domination by western culture on other cultures through their financial clout, is a major issue of globalization, and has been cited as westernization. The changing of cultures is expected to happen naturally in all societies, it is inevitable and is sometimes predictable, but usually it is for the betterment of the masses, and not of a select few that profit from such a change. The changing of culture in port-au-prince and the rural areas are different but are still tied together. Direct culture change in the city has led to a more watered down idea of what is Haitian heritage is, and has led the city to become more uniform with other cities all around the world, and in which core ideas are being spread through forms of media such as the internet, as seen in image 13. The culture change in the rural areas has 13 been more dramatic than in the city. Some farms are being bought up and mechanized to increase profit by wealthy land owners, making families homeless or dependent on the jobs the owner gives to them. Another social problem is how the relatively higher paying jobs found in select tourism jobs such as a waiter with its tips, or a worker in an industrial complex, has caused many young workers, mostly men, to go to the city in a process called rural-urban migration. ...read more.

Conclusion

It appears it must be dependent on international aid and the UN to stabilize its situation and to be strong enough to deal with globalization. Racial inequalities and environmental problems must be addressed, but having the strength to handle globalization is vital, or it can get out of control and leave Haiti a mess of broken pieces, in which multinational corporations pick up and use for their maximum profit output, and than be thrown away and considered useless and unfriendly to business. Globalization can help many problems facing Haiti. It can offer the jobs and the incentives for workers to get certain skills that will allow the country to develop. But the country should be able to handle globalization, and not having globalization control the country. Haiti, and more specifically port-au-prince, highlights the problems felt by many countries experiencing globalization, albeit in not such a disastrous outcome, but very similar up to certain points. Many nations can learn from Haiti on how globalization can get out of hand so quickly and so disastrously. But it should be mentioned that at the beginning of this case study that it was globalization at its worst. It wasn`t how Haiti handled globalization that was so bad, but how the greed and indifference of the people involved allowed such a thing to happen. Geography 12 HL Globalization Case Study Port-au-Prince, Haiti By Casey Larson Footnotes 1) , http://babibubebo.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/11/img-3948-tokyo-tower-nagame-tokyo-city-view-azabu.jpg 2) http://www.21crmsystems.com/img/new_york.jpg 3) http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=102x2808818 4) , http://img.groundspeak.com/waymarking/display/a68aa5fe-a343-44e2-8be4-d5752f92c224.jpg 5) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 6) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 7) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 8) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 9) http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3522155.stm 10) , http://maps.google.ca/maps?hl=en&client=firefox-a&channel=s&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&q=Haiti&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=X&oi=geocode_result&resnum=1&ct=image 11) http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/23/world/americas/23haiti.html?_r=1&oref=slogin 12) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 13) ) http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTHAITI/Resources/Haiti.AAG.pdf 14) http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Study/Haiti2004/images/hispaniola_combined.jpg 15) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 16) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 17) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 18) , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Portauprincenasa.jpg 19) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Palaisnationalhg9.jpg 20) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 21) http://www.usip.org/pubs/usipeace_briefings/2006/0717_haiti_economy.html 22) , http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3223/2719868372_6e342f3853.jpg?v=0 23) http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Haiti-AGRICULTURE.html 24) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 25) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 26) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 27) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 28) http://justcoffee.coop/files/images/Sugar%20refinery.preview.jpg 29) http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTHAITI/Resources/Haiti.AAG.pdf 30) http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Haiti-AGRICULTURE.html 31) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 32) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 33) http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.realholidayreports.com/hotel_pics/Haiti_Apartments_Ca_%27_n_Picafort.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.realholidayreports.com/hotel_list/Hotel_Haiti_Can_Picafort.html&h=273&w=410&sz=22&hl=en&start=19&um=1&usg=__A0M1mE6dTIGIAfpAcK2wqJiI2l8=&tbnid=b4zdEBwsbdTCZM:&tbnh=83&tbnw=125&prev=/images%3Fq%3DHaiti%2Bresorts%26start%3D18%26ndsp%3D18%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26channel%3Ds%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN 34) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 35) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 36) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html 37) http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3522155.stm 38) http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTHAITI/Resources/Haiti.AAG.pdf 39) http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Haiti-ENVIRONMENT.html 40) http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Haiti-ENVIRONMENT.html 41) http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/44212000/jpg/_44212338_woman0111_afp416.jpg 42) http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Haiti-ENVIRONMENT.html 43) http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Haiti-AGRICULTURE.html 44) http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Haiti-ENVIRONMENT.html 45) http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://earthtrends.wri.org/povlinks/jpegs/poverty/haiti.jpg&imgrefurl=http://earthtrends.wri.org/povlinks/map/m_51.php&h=782&w=1022&sz=59&hl=en&start=7&um=1&usg=__NoY2BEYtpwYrskUScQshuwhc2j8=&tbnid=rZ3L2odn_CEcAM:&tbnh=115&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3DHaiti%2Bpoverty%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26channel%3Ds%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG 46) http://www.povertymap.net/publications/inventory/graphics/haiti.jpg 47) http://www.joyandhopeofhaiti.ca/images/poverty.jpg 48) http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTHAITI/Resources/Haiti.AAG.pdf 49) http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/41401000/jpg/_41401533_haiti_slum_afp.jpg 50) http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3522155.stm 51) http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3522155.stm 52) ) http://lh4.ggpht.com/_H5s5QcB1TYc/R8hfCbhKvpI/AAAAAAAAAjI/RjBk8Btlu-8/IMG_3264.JPG 53) http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/23/world/americas/23haiti.html?_r=3&oref=slogin&oref=slogin&oref=slogin 54) http://i.pbase.com/o4/82/643382/1/56934323.soldat646x484. ...read more.

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