• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Impacts of off seasonal farming

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

George Agbakoba The world food supply as of this year is currently trying to support just over 7 billion people. However, the number of humans is estimated at current projections for 2050 to reach up to 10.5 billion people. Although the food production has reached a vast 3 billion tons of food a year, enough to feed each and every person across the world, it is estimated that approximately 30% of this food produce is completely wasted, which equates to nearly 1.3 billion tons a year of food gone. Primarily, consumers in rich nations are the ones found to waste a combined 222 million tons a year, measuring to as much as all the food produced in sub-Saharan Africa alone. These damning facts do however bring much needed attention to a larger, unfailing habit of our modernized world, and that is the idea of excess. As seen in many developed modernized nations across the world, it is a belief that just having seasonal produce, whether potatoes to green beans, sold in its usual growth season is not satisfactory, but rather have seasonal crops and vegetables to be produced every season of the year even if the consumer demand is not high. ...read more.

Middle

Despite such little precipitation and decreasing water levels in the Nile River, Egypt have been able to take advantage of one of their most important natural resources to adapt to such restrictions. They have sunk boreholes 350 meters down into subterranean aquifers, known as the Nubian Sandstone Aquifers, and they are pumping this water through an overhead irrigation system. The desert sands which span across Egypt carry no nutrients in its dry sands to grow potatoes, so fertilizers must be mixed with the water and rained on the potatoes about 18 hours a day in order that they may infiltrate through the ground and be absorbed by the growing tubers. Egypt in fact has been fortunate to take advantage of one of the largest aquifers in the world located in Western Africa. The Nubian Sandstone Aquifer as seen above, where Egyptian farmers extract the water particularly for growing the potatoes, is the largest fossil water aquifer system in the world. The aquifer contains more than 5 million cubic feet of groundwater, a vital water source for the region, especially for the agriculture sector and for large development projects in Libya and Egypt. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is no mention of how much the Egyptian farmers have to pay to this day for the water that is extracted from the aquifers in the Egyptian desert in the farming of potatoes. And since the potatoes are non-perishable and can be stored for an extended period of time, it makes no sense to grow potatoes in such a harsh environment that increasingly puts pressure on the water table. To further put the aquifer in further jeopardy, the NSAS underlies four of the most water challenged countries in the world. Among these four countries are some of the lowest precipitation levels and highest average temperatures across Africa. The International Water Management Institute estimated in 2010 that by 2025, Egypt and Libya will suffer from physical water scarcity where the water used will exceed 60% of its usable supplies, and Chad and Sudan will have severe economic water scarcity. These are some of the dangers that Egypt must come to terms with; whether it is worth the economic gain to use its current 80% of water for its agricultural sector or use the water to ensure that all its citizens are provided with adequate water. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Free essay

    An investigation into the underlying factors affecting infiltration rates and their impacts in a ...

    Six days were chosen to allow more time for the weather to have some sort of significant affect on the park itself, so with the help of secondary weather forecast data it could be possible to account for some factors affecting infiltration rates (e.g. if it rained throughout the week).

  2. Resource Scarcity

    In fact, according to the cornucopians, scarcity of proven resources is a good thing: resource scarcity causes price increases which leads to human ingenuity which in turn can solve scarcity problems. Firstly, the price increase will lead to innovations in technology, such as more efficient extraction and supply methods and recycling.

  1. Kings College operates a good example of an environmentally sustainable school? Discuss?

    staff awareness of energy consumption and recycling > Students have monthly environment group meetings > Increased awareness of environmental problems in the local school community > Willingness of the school community > Partnerships have been developed > Costs have been reduced The school received a grant of $8,500 through the

  2. HIV AIDS -Impacts and Mitigation

    2] Impact on Healthcare South Africa The HIV/AIDS pandemic poses tremendous challenges to the healthcare system of South Africa, where 21.5% of the population is infected with HIV/AIDS. The disease often claims the lives of doctors & nurses, creating a shortage of health workers: the World Bank estimates that 3-7%

  1. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    science building (where the biologists and geophysicists work), the Aeronomy (home to atmospheric space physics), the carpenter?s workshop, Magnetic Variometer hut- a special building that houses sensors that measure and record the changes in the earths magnetic field, magnetic absolutes hut, the wharf (where cargo is loaded and unloaded), the Sun recorder building and two fuel farms.

  2. Fukushima Earthquake And Tsunami 2011

    into ways on improving the technology, as well as, fund the expensive costs involved with implementing and running them. There is very little limitations that Japan?s economy poses to seismometers as the economy is very stable and has been for the last decade without fluctuating too much (see graph 1), thus allowing for billions to be invested.

  1. Antarctica Report - The Location And Purpose Of Mawson Station

    The general science building (where the biologists and geophysicists work) is located behind the green store. The Aeronomy (home to atmospheric space physics and climate change studies) is where majority of the atmospheric physicists work and the white building is located at the far corner, away from the shore.

  2. Geography - Building a Sustainable House in Australia

    * Summer sun does not directly strike green roof (located on northern roof so winter sun does)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work