• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Impacts of off seasonal farming

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

George Agbakoba The world food supply as of this year is currently trying to support just over 7 billion people. However, the number of humans is estimated at current projections for 2050 to reach up to 10.5 billion people. Although the food production has reached a vast 3 billion tons of food a year, enough to feed each and every person across the world, it is estimated that approximately 30% of this food produce is completely wasted, which equates to nearly 1.3 billion tons a year of food gone. Primarily, consumers in rich nations are the ones found to waste a combined 222 million tons a year, measuring to as much as all the food produced in sub-Saharan Africa alone. These damning facts do however bring much needed attention to a larger, unfailing habit of our modernized world, and that is the idea of excess. As seen in many developed modernized nations across the world, it is a belief that just having seasonal produce, whether potatoes to green beans, sold in its usual growth season is not satisfactory, but rather have seasonal crops and vegetables to be produced every season of the year even if the consumer demand is not high. ...read more.

Middle

Despite such little precipitation and decreasing water levels in the Nile River, Egypt have been able to take advantage of one of their most important natural resources to adapt to such restrictions. They have sunk boreholes 350 meters down into subterranean aquifers, known as the Nubian Sandstone Aquifers, and they are pumping this water through an overhead irrigation system. The desert sands which span across Egypt carry no nutrients in its dry sands to grow potatoes, so fertilizers must be mixed with the water and rained on the potatoes about 18 hours a day in order that they may infiltrate through the ground and be absorbed by the growing tubers. Egypt in fact has been fortunate to take advantage of one of the largest aquifers in the world located in Western Africa. The Nubian Sandstone Aquifer as seen above, where Egyptian farmers extract the water particularly for growing the potatoes, is the largest fossil water aquifer system in the world. The aquifer contains more than 5 million cubic feet of groundwater, a vital water source for the region, especially for the agriculture sector and for large development projects in Libya and Egypt. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is no mention of how much the Egyptian farmers have to pay to this day for the water that is extracted from the aquifers in the Egyptian desert in the farming of potatoes. And since the potatoes are non-perishable and can be stored for an extended period of time, it makes no sense to grow potatoes in such a harsh environment that increasingly puts pressure on the water table. To further put the aquifer in further jeopardy, the NSAS underlies four of the most water challenged countries in the world. Among these four countries are some of the lowest precipitation levels and highest average temperatures across Africa. The International Water Management Institute estimated in 2010 that by 2025, Egypt and Libya will suffer from physical water scarcity where the water used will exceed 60% of its usable supplies, and Chad and Sudan will have severe economic water scarcity. These are some of the dangers that Egypt must come to terms with; whether it is worth the economic gain to use its current 80% of water for its agricultural sector or use the water to ensure that all its citizens are provided with adequate water. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    These funds are geared toward supporting both hard and soft skills training and cut across all sectors of our economy. Together, they ensure that many of our workers are provided with adequate training opportunities to re-skill. However, these training programmes and funds are geared towards specific skills, which are mainly relevant to the manufacturing and service industry.

  2. Desertification of Sahara and Gobi desert

    This effect forms desert in the interior of the continent. Rain Shadow Effect- as the air moves from the ocean to the land it becomes very moist, if this moist air is blown over a mountain the air raises. As the air raises it cools and drops the rain, than

  1. HIV AIDS -Impacts and Mitigation

    & lung cancer (8%) allocating a greater portion of the health budget to research & treatment of such diseases rather than HIV/AIDS. 3] Impact on Households: financial crisis & changes in family structure South Africa A study shows that nearly 80% of AIDS victims were the family breadwinners, & 60% lost their jobs during their illness.

  2. Coasts and their management

    Temperature also affects plants (such as mangroves and salt plants) and animals of the intertidal zone in the mid-latitudes. Atmospheric forces also play a role in the polar latitudes; when the sea temperature falls below -4�C the water freezes, forming ice that stops most activity of the coast.

  1. Shanty Case Study

    allowed the demolition of two large settlements, displacing forty thousand people, most of them Kikuyu, who, coincidently politically opposed the president. In 2004, the government "relocated", or bulldozed and destroyed forty two thousand structures in two area claiming that the land the squatters were on were needed for building roads on, and other projects.

  2. Global Warming, the problem, the potential impacts and alternatives to fossil fuels.

    The machines are made to pick up the wind about 30 metres high and to make the turbines turn therefore creating green electricity. Geothermal energy is the use of the earths inner core to produce heat, alternatively there are places on the earth with natural hotspots.

  1. Geography Course Work

    still a correlation between wind speed and percentage of vegetation cover, just not on this site. There were also various problems and limitations to the method used to calculate the wind speed, by using such a simple method, the results are harder to understand.

  2. Study of Agricultural Systems

    As a result, the yields per hectare and the output per farmer are both low. It is an agricultural production system that uses little inputs on vast areas of land. The farmers using this method only produce crops and animals for their own family or local community, since there is no surplus of production.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work