• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Indonesia - population trends analysis. We see that rural population of Indonesia declined by about 9 million and the urban population increased by 31 million.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world with 18,108 islands (based on 2003 satellite imaging data), stretching along the equator for more than 5,000 km. Superimposed on the United States or Europe, Indonesia would stretch roughly from San Francisco to New York or from Madrid to Moscow. Nearly 60% of Indonesia's land is forested and a significant portion is mountainous and volcanic. Some mountains on Sumatra and Irian Jaya exceed 3,000 metres in height. Mt. Merapi, on Java, is regarded as the most volatile of Indonesia's 500 volcanoes - 12% of which are still active! Indonesia is the fourth most heavily populated country in the world after China, India and the United States with 228 million people (2002), comprising some 300 ethnic groups who speak an estimated 583 languages and dialects. The majority is concentrated on Java, Bali and Madura (60%). ...read more.

Middle

The major reason for this is because in urban living, less of labour is required as compared to rural life. Again in 2005, the sudden decrease in the growth rate is followed by the sudden drop in population in 2006. This can be explained by the mini-crisis that struck Indonesia in late 2005 when the prices of international oil and imports increased.2 The age dependency ratio of Indonesia kept decreasing. This is due to the rural to urban population migration. In urban cities, there are 2 children per family thus decreasing the dependent people per person. Also in urban cities, there are many investors from other countries who set up businesses, thus creating more job opportunities and reducing the Dependency ratio. The infant mortality rate has been steadily declining over the past 10 years. This indicates a major development in the medical sector of the country. ...read more.

Conclusion

In rural areas, mostly primary activities such as farming, fishing, etc. are done. Whereas in urban population secondary and tertiary activities have a greater share which generate more money. An increased life expectancy at birth keeps alive higher experienced people which can help a great deal in times of crisis, become teachers and share their knowledge. All these lead to an increasing GDP of the country. The unemployment rate is declining and is a healthy indicator of economy. More jobs are available as a result of the growing economy and helping growth. With better family planning measures, education and foreign investment in the industries the unemployment rate is the lowest in the past decade. The UPL (Under poverty line) population is the lowest in the last decade. This indicates better affluence resulting from the higher urban population. As measures of production, education and employment opportunities are improving, the per capita income growth is directly impacting the UPL population and hence augurs well for an sustained GDP growth in the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Pro-Natalist China's population policy

    4 star(s)

    Benefits: The advantages of following the policy is that ,incentives will be given by the government include additional health care subsidies, priority health care, priority housing allocation, priority in educational provision, extra land for private farming and extra food rations.

  2. Brazil Population

    and Sao Paulo (149.2 inh./km2) are the densest areas compared to the bottom sparse places such as the Amazons which only has about 1.5 people per kilometer squared. Population Growth Brazil's current population is thought to be around 186,100,000 and the population growth rate has been rounded to about 1%.

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    Today, locals make up 84% of the talent in Television Corporation of Singapore's (TCS) drama talent. However, TCS continues to actively exchange ideas and expertise with producers in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Malaysia, and China. The entertainment value of TCS productions has certainly gone up because of foreign talent.

  2. Geo Internal Assesment 2005

    (Fig. 3.4). Measuring the 10 metres. Holding the measuring tape for making measurement accurate we took rocks as a guiding for the ten meters. A person was placed with a chronometer at the ten metres spot. We had to time since the exact moment that the stick was placed in the water, and stop when it reached the 10 metres spot (fig.

  1. Farming Systems Analysis

    The already prevalent diet towards grains, rapid population growth and increases in irrigation and mechanization led to the widespread demand for grains-met through the building of railways.

  2. Geography Course Work

    1 23.5 -20.5 420.25 290 2 10 12.5 -10.5 110.25 295 1 5 17.5 -16.5 272.25 ?d2 = 3932.5 (6) Wind Speed Distance from HTM Calculations for Spearman's rank Calculations for Spearman's rank rs= 1 - (6?d2) rs= 1 - (6?d2)

  1. Fieldwork Urban Heat Islands

    "Parque da Luz" is the oldest public park in the city; it was inaugurated in 1825 when it was called "Jardim Bot�nico da Luz". For this Fieldwork the following Research Question was elaborated: To what extent does "Parque da Luz" influences the heat islands within S�o Paulo's CBD?

  2. Is the introduction of foreign talent in Singapore beneficial to Singaporeans?

    could not find a suitable job, they often tend to settle for lower pay unlike locals. This can help to slow down the demand for higher wages and through this, it helps to keep the economic competitive. Besides economic increase, foreign talents also bring with them their culture when they migrate to Singapore.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work