• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Izmit Disaster Justification

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

According to the IB definitions below, was the Turkish earthquake a hazard event or a disaster? Use the reading to help answer the question. The Turkish Earthquake, happened on 17th August, 1999 at 3 am, had a magnitude of 7.4 and the epicenter close to the industrial center of Izmit. Whether the earthquake was a hazard event or a disaster depends on how much help Turkey needed. The earthquake was surely a hazard event because it caused economic, environmental and social disorders in Turkey. The oil refinery, stocking 70000 tons of oil was on fire and all the resources were burned out. ...read more.

Middle

Only 60 percent of adults and 95 percent of children survived in the earthquake, causing population demographic change. Above shows that the earthquake is a hazardous event, but the outside help Turkey seek made it into a "disaster". Countries all over the world provided help to Turkey. US Red Cross donated $138508 and the Lincy Foundation made 1 million donations to support the Red Cross. US also donated biscuits and kits for aid. Denmark sent 16 rescue workers and 9 trained dogs and Greece sent 25 disaster experts. German Red Cross set up a field hospital and arranged beds for the injured. UK provided 60 tons of aid which worth 500000 pounds. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore the Izmit earthquake is rather a disaster than only a hazardous event. Short Term Long term Social-Food Supplies Destroyed, mental stress disorders, 65000 buildings destroyed, farm lands destroyed Economic Environmental-Oil Refinery Fire, controlled Outside help-7 countries Aid, high dependence, NGO Disaster or Hazardous event? The Earthquake happened in the middle of the night, which increased the vulnerability. People weren't prepared for it and many are just crushed in their beds under several tons of concrete. 17000 people have lost their lives. 55 billion dollars are used up in the clone areas. The rescue wasn't' very successful. Rescuers from Europe need a long time to arrive Turkey and by the time they arrive most people have passed away. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    Transitional help can be provided for foreign talent and their families so that they can adapt to our local conditions. Programmes could be organised to help them adapt to and assimilate with our lifestyle, eg. Singapore history and culture. Packages should also be created to 'sell' Singapore as best home, and attract them to sink roots here.

  2. Food aid: case study

    where current emergency needs and the risk of deterioration are judged to be more manageable, but where chronic nutritional vulnerabilities pose similar threats to the poorest through the hungry season. The funding will be provided through the UN and NGOs who are working on continuing relief operations in the country.

  1. Latin America - history, politics, immigration and literature.

    After the baby Antonio is born, his mother's brothers arrive and declare that he will be a Luna and perhaps become a priest. His father's brothers declare that he will continue their tradition of a cowboy wandering on the llano.

  2. Life in modern Denmark

    The taxes are quite high, making the prices of the goods high as well. There is a 25% tax, or skat, on everything in Denmark. The name of their national tax is the VAT or "moms". If one lives in Denmark as a visitor, and they plan on leaving, all

  1. geography IB prep

    Detail the ways in which technological advance has threatened fish stocks in terms of locating schools of fish and fishing operations. � use of LORAN and GPS enabling vessels to return to within 10m of a chosen location namely sites where fish gather and breed � receive satellite weather

  2. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    Until relatively recently, waste disposal management in Antarctica was similar to elsewhere in the world with open tips, land fills and the burning or discharging of most sewage into the sea, as well as the practice of 'sea-icing' - dumping rubbish onto the sea ice during winter to float away

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work