• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Izmit Disaster Justification

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

According to the IB definitions below, was the Turkish earthquake a hazard event or a disaster? Use the reading to help answer the question. The Turkish Earthquake, happened on 17th August, 1999 at 3 am, had a magnitude of 7.4 and the epicenter close to the industrial center of Izmit. Whether the earthquake was a hazard event or a disaster depends on how much help Turkey needed. The earthquake was surely a hazard event because it caused economic, environmental and social disorders in Turkey. The oil refinery, stocking 70000 tons of oil was on fire and all the resources were burned out. ...read more.

Middle

Only 60 percent of adults and 95 percent of children survived in the earthquake, causing population demographic change. Above shows that the earthquake is a hazardous event, but the outside help Turkey seek made it into a "disaster". Countries all over the world provided help to Turkey. US Red Cross donated $138508 and the Lincy Foundation made 1 million donations to support the Red Cross. US also donated biscuits and kits for aid. Denmark sent 16 rescue workers and 9 trained dogs and Greece sent 25 disaster experts. German Red Cross set up a field hospital and arranged beds for the injured. UK provided 60 tons of aid which worth 500000 pounds. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore the Izmit earthquake is rather a disaster than only a hazardous event. Short Term Long term Social-Food Supplies Destroyed, mental stress disorders, 65000 buildings destroyed, farm lands destroyed Economic Environmental-Oil Refinery Fire, controlled Outside help-7 countries Aid, high dependence, NGO Disaster or Hazardous event? The Earthquake happened in the middle of the night, which increased the vulnerability. People weren't prepared for it and many are just crushed in their beds under several tons of concrete. 17000 people have lost their lives. 55 billion dollars are used up in the clone areas. The rescue wasn't' very successful. Rescuers from Europe need a long time to arrive Turkey and by the time they arrive most people have passed away. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    We recommend that a Life-Long Learning (L3) Fund be created, that is not restricted to specific industry skills, but available to all adult Singapore Citizens for their life-long learning. This fund can be used to acquire a useful employment skills or knowledge.

  2. Life in modern Denmark

    taxes paid in the last 3 months of their stay can be reimbursed. To do so, one has to follow certain rules. First of all, the goods must be transported outside Europe within 3 months of purchase. Secondly, They have to cost at lease 300 DKK, $53.30.

  1. geography IB prep

    Detail the ways in which technological advance has threatened fish stocks in terms of locating schools of fish and fishing operations. � use of LORAN and GPS enabling vessels to return to within 10m of a chosen location namely sites where fish gather and breed � receive satellite weather

  2. Food aid: case study

    The rate of global acute malnutrition has decreased from 15 to 10 percent since November 2005 but still Niger's child malnutrition levels remains among the worst in the world in spite of four good annual harvests in a row. Niger's low child nutrition levels are related to a persistent high

  1. Latin America - history, politics, immigration and literature.

    The other half is visa over stayer. They typically fly into US international airports with proper documents and simply overstay their permits. This is an extremely assorted population. Most U.S. citizens would find it surprising that today Canadians constitute an important group of illegal immigrants in the USA.

  2. Richmond Shopping Field Study

    They are dispersed throughout Richmond so as to provide accurate and wholly applicable results. For a location map of these shopping centres, please see Map 2 which is on the following page. Shopping Centres that are 6th and 1st order were omitted in this field study.

  1. Fukushima Earthquake And Tsunami 2011

    The reason why Japanese authorities and other nations around the world choose this science to help detect earthquakes is because it allows them to determine before hand when an earthquake is going to happen. Seismographs gather information over a long period of time and the patterns in the seismic wave frequency are easily analyzable.

  2. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    The cosmic ray observatory (located near the airstrip and shore) contains telescopes that detect and measure cosmic rays coming from outside our solar system. It has a shaft going down in the rock to a vault to a second set of telescopes and also some seismic detection equipment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work