• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Kobe and pakistan earthquake essay

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The 1995 Kobe Earthquake and The 2005 Pakistan Earthquake A huge earthquake took place in Japan at 5:46am, on January 17th 1995. The earthquake had a local magnitude of 7.2, and lasted for about 20 seconds. The epic-center of this earthquake was less than 20km below Awaji-shima, an island near the city of Kobe, a port city. The earthquake occurred between convergent plate boundaries, the Eurasian Plate and Philippines Plate, and as a result of the collision of these two plates the pressure built up and then suddenly got released, and the Earthquake shockwaves traveled to Kobe. The Hanshin earthquake caused about 5,100 deaths, mostly in Kobe. Highways, roads, homes, railroads, ports and other infrastructures were destroyed, also trains on minor lines were derailed. ...read more.

Middle

Reacting to the fires was hindered by the failure of the water supply system and the disruption of the traffic system. Another cause for a particularly devastating effect was that no clear actions were prepared and the careful Japanese government gave a slow response, causing aids and supports to be late. Ten years later another great earthquake happend in Pakistan, at 8:50am, on October 8th 2005. The magnitude of 7.6 killed about 30,000 people and left 42,000 injured. The earthquake occurred as a result of the convergent plate boundaries colliding, the Indian sub-continent and the Eurasia plate. The focus of the quake was located in northern Pakistan, near Islamabad. Damages occurred mainly throughout Kashmir, leaving two million people homeless. Even though the magnitude of the Kashmir earthquake was comparatively similar, the damage was far greater than the Kobe earthquake in Japan. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Kobe earthquake could have been more devastating if it had been a few hours later because then the citizens would have been outside of their homes, where anything could have collapse on top of their heads. The Kashmir earthquake was unlucky in this point; however, the period of year in this disaster was more fortunate than the one in Kobe. Kobe was in the middle of winter when the earthquake happend. People who lost their homes had to survive a freezing winter, as in Kashmir the temperature was rather warm. The measurment of the magnitude on the Richter Scale does not show the complete damage of an Earthquake. From these factors, it is obvious that weather, time, preparation, engineering and the state and postion of government are several affects that have influence on how devestating the damage of an earthquake is. Lisa Ossmann Geography HL 19.12.06 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A very good summary of the impacts of the Kobe and Pakistan earthquakes, with some attempt to compare them.
4 stars

Marked by teacher Eleanor Wilson 01/12/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Population Case Study - Japan

    5 star(s)

    Low fertility rates played just as big of a role in creating the problem. In 1993, the rate was at 10.3 per 1000, and the average amount of kids born to a female over her lifetime was less that two since the 70's.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Malthus got it right-we are doomed?

    5 star(s)

    A different view to that of Malthus is that of Esther B�serup (1910-1999), who was widely regarded as what's called an anti-Malthusian. She claimed "Necessity is the mother of invention." She said that people have the resources of knowledge and technology to increase food production and that when there is

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the causes and the effects of biodiversity loss in the Tropical Rainforests

    4 star(s)

    Hence, the tropics become a very desirable area for residing in due to the vast amounts of space triggering deforestation as extensive areas of the forest are cut in order to make room for the growing populations. In addition to this residing in forests is also a very beneficial idea

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Population Essay

    4 star(s)

    will move up to the elder people (65+). [Source: http://www.vuw.ac.nz/~caplabtb/m302w07/Japan_pop_pyramid.gif] It will look more like this in the future, and the bottom groups will be even thinner and the top will be thicker. There are several reasons for Japan having such a high life expectancy, and one of these reasons could be assigned to the world in the future.

  1. Crude oil essay. In this paper I shall talk about crude oil being ...

    The oil we use is a result of the energy given to the animals that have died, from the sun. The sun also helped in the disintegration of the animal after is dead; but what people mean when they say that fossil fuels are stores of the sun's energy is

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    In the past 10 years, the number of full-time foreign academic staff in our tertiary institutions have increased by about 840 in absolute numbers. The proportion of foreign academic staff with respect to the total academic staff strength, however, has remained at about 26%.

  1. Essay Plans - "The Future of Asia" and "Japan"

    2: Culture and tradition * Traditional Japanese arts and crafts - ikebana, origami, pottery, ukiyo-e, dolls * Dances - bunraku, dance, kabuki, noh, rakugo * Traditional literature: poetry, folk legends * Traditional tea ceremony * Typical Japanese cuisine- staple diet -rice.

  2. Discuss how aid has reduced disparities.

    Ineffective aid usually focuses on the present, rather than the future of the country. An example of ineffective aid is The Pergua Dam which is located along the river Pergau in the northern part of Sumatra in Malaysia. Tied aid is funded for this project; Malaysian government agreed a huge

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work