• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

LEDCs are more vulnerable to hazard events than MEDCs. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"LEDCs are more vulnerable to hazard events than MEDCs. Discuss." Natural hazard events occur all throughout the world and subject many people to negative impacts, however in different degrees due to certain factors which depend on the countries affected themselves. Impacts of such hazard events can be classified into three categories, namely social, economic and environmental impacts. These impacts can vary spatially or temporally - depending on the area subjected as well as the span of time the disaster lasts for, affecting assessment of vulnerability. Vulnerability is defined as the conditions that increase the susceptibility of a community to a hazard or to the impacts of a hazard event. Deciding whether some impacts are greater than others in terms of vulnerability is difficult due to this variation, however the extent of impact is often influenced by the wealth of the area which the hazard event is subjected upon - LEDCS are less economically developed, and usually have little capital to start off with, leaving even less on the technology ...read more.

Middle

One of these factors is the readiness of emergency personnel, as the more ready the emergency personnel is to deal with such a crisis, the better prepared the country is to face the disaster, the less vulnerable the people and area are to damage. Also, governments who impose strict building codes and regulations to earthquake proof buildings are reducing level of vulnerability as well, as the stricter and better enforcement of building regulations, the less vulnerable the community. However, although the above factors do determine the vulnerability of an area, the two natural factors, namely magnitude or frequency of the event are essentially unavoidable, affecting both LEDCs and MEDCs. These factors are further exemplified in the case studies of the Haiti Earthquake which occurred in January of 2010, as well as the Fukushima earthquake, which occurred in April 2011. To remove the two natural factors from this discussion, the magnitudes of both earthquakes measure 7.0 on the Richter scale, and the focus of both earthquakes was 13km from the epicentre. ...read more.

Conclusion

Haiti was also at a disadvantage in terms of vulnerability due to other factors - Haiti had no ready emergency and rescue team to aid in the rescue of trapped victims, compared to Fukushima, which had frequent evacuation drills and had a extremely ready emergency and rescue team. The communication system Fukushima used was extremely fast as well in notifying the relevant authorities as well as to warn the citizens, however Haiti did not have such a privilege and did not have technology readily available for them to use. This case study helps us realize that by having a higher economic status; being willing and able to afford as well as provide higher technology to prepare the area well for such a hazard event helps in many ways to reduce vulnerability of each area to such hazard events. Evidently, MEDCs, due to their higher economic status, have more of such privileges and therefore are less vulnerable to such hazard events, however it does not mean that the MEDCs do not suffer damage as well. Charlene Su, Geography HL, P1 Charlene Su, Geography HL, P1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This essay does review the vulnerability of LEDCs in comparison to MEDCs. It gives a good generic overview which is then explored in more depth through two relevant case studies. This answer would benefit from greater use of paragraphs.
4 stars

Marked by teacher Eleanor Wilson 01/12/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Aral Sea Case Study

    5 star(s)

    The most major use of the water from the Aral sea was and still remains to be for agricultural purposes.

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    Who Are Foreign Talent? 11. Talent refers to both foreigners and locals. Local talent is valuable but with a population of three million, the Singapore pool is not large enough when the competition we face is the world. Our local pool must be augmented with the best skills and talents that can be tapped globally.

  1. To what extent are deserts a product of present day processes?

    Wadis are flat floored river channels which for much of the year contain no water. Many of the shallow wadis are created by present day fluvial erosion processes, such as abrasion and corrosion, however many of the steep sided gorges are created by past processes, during a time in which

  2. Richmond Shopping Field Study

    A sphere of influence of a shopping centre is the area that the centre serves and that is determined by the range which is the maximum distance that the customers will be willing to travel to purchase the goods sold in the stores.

  1. THE BENEFITS OF ARRANGED MARRIAGE OUTWEIGH THE DRAWBACKS DISCUSS

    However, most people in Western countries believe that arranged married can restrict personal freedom. It can lead to forced marriage in some poor countries. The couples have no choice or any idea about their spouses and they must accept the marriage to solve their family's financial problems.

  2. Of all the environmental challenges we face, soil degradation is the most serious. Discuss ...

    Climate change can also indirectly affect rates of degradation as it?s causing the temperature to rise, leading to droughts, leaving the soil unfertile. It is also increasing the intensity of wind in several areas, such as deserts, which directly affects the erosivity of the soil.

  1. Caribbean Studies. Essay on Caribbean Region

    that is not claimed by another country. If there is another claim, then the territory can be considered a disputed territory. A territory will typically rely on its "mother country" for defense, police protection, courts, social services, economic controls and support, migration and import/export controls, and other features of an independent country.

  2. Somalian Famine. There is no such thing as an apolitical food problem, Amartya ...

    The main political factors in relation to this issue can be broadly grouped together as conflict, refugee camps and food security. Most Somalian families who have been hit by the famine have had no choice but to leave their country as refugees, seeking asylum and, more importantly, food, in the many refugee camps of Kenya.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work