• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Population Essay

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The new threat to the planet is not too many people but too few." Was once written by Michael Mayer. He claimed that the global population will rise to a peak and then sharply decrease. As we know at the moment it seems like there are already too many people on the world, leading to starvation, scarce natural resources, poverty, war and global competition for jobs. And it seems like the amount of people are continually increasing, but will it really last and will it be a problem? In Japan in fact the population is already starting to decrease, where the total fertility rate is only 1.2. That means that a woman in Japan will have an average of 1.2 kids in her life. One of the problems in Japan is that it is difficult to live there as an immigrant. This is due to the hard language and very few Japanese people speak English well. So it's not really attractive to migrate to Japan. And the women see kids the result for Japan is what's called an 'ageing population', where there will be older people, than younger people in the future. The picture beneath shows the current populations pyramid of Japan. ...read more.

Middle

The problem most countries with fertility rates under 2.1 will face in the future is that there will be so much old dependents and less people in the active group, so the people in the active group will have to pay more tax. Because as the old dependents increase, they aren't paying anymore taxes. So the active group will have to work longer and harder to pay their taxes, as there are more dependents and less 'workers'. Health care costs will go up as well due to common older health problems. The government will need more income to sustain the older people, while the decreasing group of workers will have to work harder and longer to get those harder-required taxes. In Africa the population seems to continue growing, despite the AIDS epidemic, the starvation and the poverty. The problem in LEDC's (lower economically developed countries) is that due to their poverty and lack of knowledge they use less contraceptives. It is also harder to find in those countries than in MEDC's. And as the infant mortality rates are high in Africa, the people tend to make more babies in order to have more certainty of keeping the amount of children high. Approximately 1 to 2 out of 10 children dies in Africa. Children are also viewed differently in those countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

And of course for this big majority of kids there need to be resources. There has to be basic needs, education and health care for everyone. These problems are expanding as their population grows. And as the lower pyramid for Gambia suggests, in the future the population will still grow. And it's expected that Gambia's population will double in 17,5 years, unless they manage to lower their birth rates. So will it really be a problem if the populations stay growing or shrinking like they are now? Who can tell what will really happen in the future? No one. But we can predict some things on the basis of information by trends. For the LEDC's the population will still grow more until they start to reach their peak and this counts even for most of the MEDC's at the moment, except for Japan of course. The predicted situations are threatening to the planet because the first sufferers will be the MEDC's that currently 'control' the economics in the world and therefore most facilities in the world. But of course if population will decrease, fewer facilities will be needed. As they'll experience this population change first, they'll have to adapt to it first. But only the future will tell if these predicted situations are really true. So who knows what will happen... ?? ?? ?? ?? Geography SL Maxime Boekel 11 ALD Essay ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good attempt to consider the differences between MEDC and LEDC population growth rates and how this may affect things in the future. Makes several generalisations which should be avoided.
4 stars

Marked by teacher Eleanor Wilson 08/01/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Population Case Study - Japan

    5 star(s)

    Japan is about 3 times more densely populated than Europe as a whole, and 12 times more populated than the US. The population has tripled since 1872, when it was around 34.8 million, however in the 1950s the birth rate cut short and by the 90's the rate of natural increase was under 1%.

  2. Free essay

    China One Child Policy

    4 star(s)

    Furthermore, every worker which applies the One Child Policy recieves a financial bonus. If parents have a second child wether accidentally or in purpose, all the privileges that have been given are taken out. In the other hand, there are some exceptions which are concidered by the government.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    China's One Child Policy

    3 star(s)

    How it succeeded? Since the introduction of the one-child policy in 1979, there has been no large drop in fertility and in fact China experienced a slight increase fluctuating around 21 births per 1,000 people in the 1980s. By the mid-1980s, less than one-fifth of all eligible married couples had

  2. Crude oil essay. In this paper I shall talk about crude oil being ...

    Once theses organisms are compressed, and if it is at lower temperature it becomes oil, and the higher the temperature gets (going towards the earths core) there more gas gets produced, which is why natural gases are usually associated with crude oil.

  1. Free essay

    An investigation into the underlying factors affecting infiltration rates and their impacts in a ...

    Located in the south west of Brussels, it is a regularly visited park by the inhabitants of not just the Woluwe communes, but neighbouring communes in Brussels as well. It is popular for the simplicity of its ecological characteristics, as it holds two ponds, numerous dirt and cobble paths, and is abundant in vegetation and wildlife.

  2. The Living Conditions of Afghan women under the Taliban Force

    Women were beaten, even killed for minor violations of these rules. (Hanford). The poor living conditions of Afghan women which is controlled cruelly by the Taliban force reveals the Taliban's beliefs that women are no use and worthless. In addition to the Taliban's seizure of fundamental rights of Afghan women, the Taliban shows their ruthless restrictions by banning women's education.

  1. Describe and explain weathering in desert environments (15 Marks)

    The rocks are therefore put under internal pressure and are vulnerable to future break down. For example, rocks containing anhydrite are changed to gypsum. Finally, Chemical weathering is also seen working in deserts in the formation of duri-crusts and desert varnish.

  2. Essay on Global Warming from 2 Perspectives

    The IPCC (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) organization has noted that atmospheric carbon dioxide emissions have increased by over 40% from 1990 to 2008. The graph below demonstrates a direct correlation between the carbon dioxide levels and the temperature, providing support for the theory of the Global Warming being

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work