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Population Essay

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Introduction

"The new threat to the planet is not too many people but too few." Was once written by Michael Mayer. He claimed that the global population will rise to a peak and then sharply decrease. As we know at the moment it seems like there are already too many people on the world, leading to starvation, scarce natural resources, poverty, war and global competition for jobs. And it seems like the amount of people are continually increasing, but will it really last and will it be a problem? In Japan in fact the population is already starting to decrease, where the total fertility rate is only 1.2. That means that a woman in Japan will have an average of 1.2 kids in her life. One of the problems in Japan is that it is difficult to live there as an immigrant. This is due to the hard language and very few Japanese people speak English well. So it's not really attractive to migrate to Japan. And the women see kids the result for Japan is what's called an 'ageing population', where there will be older people, than younger people in the future. The picture beneath shows the current populations pyramid of Japan. ...read more.

Middle

The problem most countries with fertility rates under 2.1 will face in the future is that there will be so much old dependents and less people in the active group, so the people in the active group will have to pay more tax. Because as the old dependents increase, they aren't paying anymore taxes. So the active group will have to work longer and harder to pay their taxes, as there are more dependents and less 'workers'. Health care costs will go up as well due to common older health problems. The government will need more income to sustain the older people, while the decreasing group of workers will have to work harder and longer to get those harder-required taxes. In Africa the population seems to continue growing, despite the AIDS epidemic, the starvation and the poverty. The problem in LEDC's (lower economically developed countries) is that due to their poverty and lack of knowledge they use less contraceptives. It is also harder to find in those countries than in MEDC's. And as the infant mortality rates are high in Africa, the people tend to make more babies in order to have more certainty of keeping the amount of children high. Approximately 1 to 2 out of 10 children dies in Africa. Children are also viewed differently in those countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

And of course for this big majority of kids there need to be resources. There has to be basic needs, education and health care for everyone. These problems are expanding as their population grows. And as the lower pyramid for Gambia suggests, in the future the population will still grow. And it's expected that Gambia's population will double in 17,5 years, unless they manage to lower their birth rates. So will it really be a problem if the populations stay growing or shrinking like they are now? Who can tell what will really happen in the future? No one. But we can predict some things on the basis of information by trends. For the LEDC's the population will still grow more until they start to reach their peak and this counts even for most of the MEDC's at the moment, except for Japan of course. The predicted situations are threatening to the planet because the first sufferers will be the MEDC's that currently 'control' the economics in the world and therefore most facilities in the world. But of course if population will decrease, fewer facilities will be needed. As they'll experience this population change first, they'll have to adapt to it first. But only the future will tell if these predicted situations are really true. So who knows what will happen... ?? ?? ?? ?? Geography SL Maxime Boekel 11 ALD Essay ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good attempt to consider the differences between MEDC and LEDC population growth rates and how this may affect things in the future. Makes several generalisations which should be avoided.
4 stars

Marked by teacher Eleanor Wilson 08/01/2013

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