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Republic of Yemen

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Introduction

Republic of Yemen GEOGRAPHY: -Location: The republic of Yemen is a small country situated in the southern part of the Middle East. It has borders with Saudi Arabia and Oman and has exits to some important seas and gulfs like: Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Red Sea and the straight Bab el Mandeb. Its geographical coordinates are: 15 00 N and 48 00 E. The total land boundaries are 1746 km and its coastline is 1906Km. Total land area is 527.970 square kilometres, all of it being land, none water. It is slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming and it is slightly bigger than the area of Thailand or Spain. Its current area includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab republic (YAR / North Yemen) and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen/ PDRY). -Physical environment: Yemen does not have any permanent river, which means that some rivers appear during the rainy season but do not last after the season ends. Some well known mountains are: The Haraz Mountains, The Sarawat Mountains (located in the western part of the country). The highest peak in the mountains is Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb (3,760m), which is (Yemen desert) the highest peak on the Arabian Peninsula. Because the mountains have a more welcoming climate, better conditions and a higher rainfall, there is a higher density of population and agricultural activity than in the rest of the country. (Yemen Haraz Mountains) Climate: Usually the temperatures are very high in Yemen, in the desert regions being the hottest, in the coastal regions cooler, and in mountains the coolest. ...read more.

Middle

Do the differences help or hurt the national identity? There are almost no differences in population, as almost all the population speaks different dialects of Arab. Population: The birth rate is 42.42/ 1000 people. The death rate is 7.83/ 1000 people. The density is 40 people per km^2. The population growth rate is 3.46%. The dependency load is 49% of the population. 27% leave in urban areas and 73% of the population life in rural areas. Do you foresee any future problems as a result of growth or lack of population? I think the population is too big for a country not really developed like Yemen, and if the population is going to grow, as i think it will the poverty rate is going to crow and a higher percentage of the population is going to be malnourished. Economics: Yemen is one of the poorest and less developed countries in the Middle East, with a growth rate of only 3-4% between 2000 and 2007 and with a percentage less than 3 in 2008 due to the lowering of the prices of oil and less demand on the market. However Yemen has tried to improve its economy by trying to diversify its earnings. In 2006 they designed a plan to boost the non-oil branches of economy and to attract new international funding. Soon, it is scheduled to open a natural gas facility. Some of Yemen's natural resources are: petroleum, gas, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of gold, lead, nickel and copper; also fertile land in the west of the country. Agriculture: Only 2.91% of the lands country is arable and only 0.25% of it has permanent crops. ...read more.

Conclusion

So, in 2006 only 75% of the eligible population was enrolled in primary school and in the same year only 37% of the school-age population was enrolled in secondary school. What do the statistics tell you about the state of health and education in nation? People in this country do not have access to doctors as they are only 3 doctors per 10000 people. The education is poor too as the literacy rate in only 54%, and a lot of people under 15 do not attend neither the primary or the secondary level of education. ASSESMENT: I will give Yemen 1.5 stars. I did not give Yemen 1 star, because there are some attempts of developing the economy and redirecting the earnings to different industries: for example the plan for a new natural gas refining plant. However the health and education in Yemen are really poor, 54% of the population only are literate and there are few doctors and hospitals available to the people. Furthermore the government is corrupt, so a lot of wrong and biased decisions are made. Also there is a lot of population for such a little land and job opportunities, and the population is denser in the mountains and coasts than in the whole country. However geography benefits Yemen in a way, making Yemen one of the best places to live in the Arabic Peninsula, because of the mild climate in the mountains. Also Yemen has access to the Red Sea and to the northern part of the Indian Ocean, which enables fishing, and gives really good trade routes, which should be used more. ...read more.

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