• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Select one tectonic hazard and referring to one or more examples

Extracts from this document...


Select one tectonic hazard and referring to one or more examples, describe and explain its social and economic effects. Hazard is a threat that has the potential to cause loss of life, injury, property damage, socio-economic disruption or environmental degradation. For example, the Kobi Earthquake in 1995, the L'Aquila Earthquake in 2009 and the Haiti Earthquake in 2010. The first earthquake has recorded 7.2 on the Richter scale, the second has recorded 5.8 magnitude on the Richter scale and the second has recorded a 7.0 magnitude on the Richter scale. Both of the earthquakes have caused social and economic effects to the country. ...read more.


Earthquake drills is only practiced once a year. What is more, the population is mainly dominated by the 20-29 age group and elderly, who are over 70 years old, which will increase the vulnerability of the city, since they have less experience and direct contact with the problem. Moreover, there is an excess of females in the region, especially in age groups 30-39 and 70-79. Statistics predicted that if the gender is balanced, then the deaths could have reduced to 169 instead of 308. The government also fails to accumulate wealth to invest in protection for earthquake, which causes more deaths in this disaster. ...read more.


This means that the buildings were poorly constructed and with rural to urban migration, there was overcrowding exists over that region. When an earthquake occurred, the vital infrastructure was damaged which could have helped with the response (e.g. electricity supplies disrupted, the main road between Port-au-Prince & Jacmel was still blocked 10 days after the disaster, medical facilities were badly damaged etc), which further results more deaths and injuries later on. In conclusion, comparing the L'Aquila and Haiti earthquake, more developed countries tend to do more preparation before the disaster. On the other hand, the less developed countries tend to do less preparation, mainly due to its economic situation, which lead to higher vulnerability and deaths when a disaster occurred. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    LEDCs are more vulnerable to hazard events than MEDCs. Discuss.

    4 star(s)

    Pre-existing buildings were also already resistant to earthquake shaking. The differing degree of damage is tremendous, and this was due to the fact that Haiti was a LEDC while Japan was an MEDC. Haiti was not prepared for such a disaster at all - there was no evacuation route, no

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    What does it mean to be a citizen? 60. As we listened to and discussed the concerns expressed during our feedback sessions, one of the themes we repeatedly returned to was the question of what it meant to be a citizen.

  1. The contrast of 2 cities of one million inhabitants: Oakland and Vienna

    The War's end brought Oakland's boom to a halt. Oakland lost nearly 10'000 jobs and 23'000 residents between 1950 and 1970. There were race riots based on unemployment and racial tension that the feds tried to stop by rolling in $23 million into job programs. It wasn't really successful and over all 140 non-military federal programs were spending $100

  2. With reference to specific examples, examine the advantages of migrations

    In addition to this, OFW's also work as doctors, physical therapists, nurses, accountants, IT professionals, engineers, architects, entertainers, technicians, teachers, military servicemen, seafarers, students and caregivers. The migration of OFW's to other nations has proven to be a vital aspect of upholding the economy in the Philippines.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work