• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Somalian Famine. There is no such thing as an apolitical food problem, Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize winning Economist. Discuss this statement.

Extracts from this document...


SOMALIAN FAMINE 2011 ?There is no such thing as an apolitical food problem?, Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize winning Economist. Discuss this statement. The question of the Somalian Famine has been a subject of regular debate and discussion since July 2011, when the UN first declared an official famine in two specific regions of Somalia. The worst environmental conditions East Africa has experienced in many years, combined with other social and political problems, produced the ?worst humanitarian disaster? the world has suffered in several decades, according to the UN. In relation to this topic, Amartya Sen, a renowned economist, commented ? ?There is no such thing as an apolitical problem?. Sen perfectly defines one of the most important aspects of this issue, saying that such a food problem does not exist in which political factors do not play a vital part. Similarly, environmental and social factors too, are crucial to the causes and mediums of a food problem, in this case the Famine and its rapid spread throughout a country. From statistics and expert evaluations, it is evident that environmental factors play an important role in this particular case of Famine. ...read more.


However, Kenya, too has been experiencing serious drought conditions for about two years, and this has led to exhausted, barren fields and the death of livestock, which in turn has decreased supply of food for refugees. This does not, in any way, alleviate food security concerns, which are an even larger problem back in Somalia. The journey to these refugee camps is exhausting, and many die or are assaulted along the way; resources in camps, e.g. food distribution, water, shelter, healthcare, etc. are severely overstretched. However, these camps provide their inhabitants with a sense of security that they did not have in Somalia, where an unstable government and political system led to consistent unrest ? ?Now at least we have someone to look after us?, said Alisha, a refugee at Dadaab camp. In Somalia, insecurity, human rights violations, and restrictions imosed on aid agencies (by insurgents) serve to worsen the dire situation of the population. In order to combat the negative impact of the famine in 2012, the UNCHR have made decisions to: scale up its famine emergency program; improve distribution of core relief items and emergency shelter; strengthen measures to prevent under-reporting of gender-based violence; and construct more border police posts to tackle human trafficking. ...read more.


However, despite their potential, women are often the most disadvantaged and undervalued in society, being denied productive economic livelihoods. Governments are therefore now expected to nationally mandate primary and secondary education, especially female education, provide incentives to parents to keep girls in school (through scholarships, reduction/ elimination of fees), etc. In conclusion, we can say that this extreme humanitarian disaster, occurring in the poorest regions of the world has been developed over time by several factors, the most important ones being environmental, social and political. Each of these factors clearly portrays different problematic aspects of this national disaster, and what impact these aspects are having on the deprived populations of poor countries, e.g. Somalia. Although the definitions of the factors differ slightly from country to country, in taking the example of Somalia, we see that most of the issues are quite general and probably common to most poor countries, e.g. drought, and the question of women?s rights. Therefore, in pointing out the causal and contributing factors of the famine in Somalia, one can define the problems and issues in the ?big picture?, i.e. all poor countries that are currently in the first few stages of development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Geography HCMC Fieldwork Report

    Travel agency wants to develop their image by providing cheap and good trips for the consumers (package tourists). Therefore travel agency wants to provide good accommodation with low prices to make the package tourist satisfied. The reasons that travel agencies provide expensive rooms to low cost rooms are so that

  2. Shanty Case Study

    than the dealings of squatter settlements, as civil strife and racial conflict rage through Kenya, but Kenya has had ample time in the past to deal with these people, and they have. Another problem is that the problem falls under the Nairobi city council, listed the fifth most corrupted public sector organisation by Transparency International.

  1. Kings College operates a good example of an environmentally sustainable school? Discuss?

    Another thing that the new rooms have is radiator thermostats, so they are not being wasted when not needed. Renewable energy is something that comes from natural resources and can be used over and over again; examples of these are things such as sunlight, wind, rain, which then help to

  2. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    Mawson?s expedition, but at the same time is also comfortable to wear, allowing activities to be completed with ease. Todays transport in Antarctica- off-vehicles, portable rubber boats and small aircrafts- are all much more efficient than those used in Mawson?s expedition- human or dog pulled sleds and wooden carts.

  1. Fukushima Earthquake And Tsunami 2011

    Sciences Interaction With The Environment The environment has minimal impact on the application and effectiveness of seismometers and sea walls. As seismometers are not affected by an areas air pollution, vegetation or climate, the environment does not play a significant role in positively or negatively affecting the detection ability of seismometers.

  2. Hong Kong is a heaven for the rich and hell for the poor . ...

    Furthermore, most of the manufacturing jobs have a flexible employment, meaning that the workers receive unstable income and little job security, therefore when the workers become unemployed, they will easily fall into poverty. Vicious cycle In Hong Kong, poor people are trapped in a vicious cycle due to ineffective policy measures taken by the government.

  1. Antarctica Report - The Location And Purpose Of Mawson Station

    camps, research facilities), leaving the wildlife to find new homes and adapt to conditions sometimes not suitable for their needs (i.e. not close enough to the water, not large enough or not the right climate). The mode of transport taken by most visitors, boats, is harming the marine life and destroying parts of their environment.

  2. Malaria Conditions in Venezuela

    President says land redistribution will bring justice to rural poor; ranchers say move is an attack on private property.. 2005 June - Venezuela and 13 Caribbean states launch a regional oil company at a summit in Caracas. Venezuela, a major producer, agrees to supply the nations with cheap fuel.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work