• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Somalian Famine. There is no such thing as an apolitical food problem, Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize winning Economist. Discuss this statement.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

SOMALIAN FAMINE 2011 ?There is no such thing as an apolitical food problem?, Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize winning Economist. Discuss this statement. The question of the Somalian Famine has been a subject of regular debate and discussion since July 2011, when the UN first declared an official famine in two specific regions of Somalia. The worst environmental conditions East Africa has experienced in many years, combined with other social and political problems, produced the ?worst humanitarian disaster? the world has suffered in several decades, according to the UN. In relation to this topic, Amartya Sen, a renowned economist, commented ? ?There is no such thing as an apolitical problem?. Sen perfectly defines one of the most important aspects of this issue, saying that such a food problem does not exist in which political factors do not play a vital part. Similarly, environmental and social factors too, are crucial to the causes and mediums of a food problem, in this case the Famine and its rapid spread throughout a country. From statistics and expert evaluations, it is evident that environmental factors play an important role in this particular case of Famine. ...read more.

Middle

However, Kenya, too has been experiencing serious drought conditions for about two years, and this has led to exhausted, barren fields and the death of livestock, which in turn has decreased supply of food for refugees. This does not, in any way, alleviate food security concerns, which are an even larger problem back in Somalia. The journey to these refugee camps is exhausting, and many die or are assaulted along the way; resources in camps, e.g. food distribution, water, shelter, healthcare, etc. are severely overstretched. However, these camps provide their inhabitants with a sense of security that they did not have in Somalia, where an unstable government and political system led to consistent unrest ? ?Now at least we have someone to look after us?, said Alisha, a refugee at Dadaab camp. In Somalia, insecurity, human rights violations, and restrictions imosed on aid agencies (by insurgents) serve to worsen the dire situation of the population. In order to combat the negative impact of the famine in 2012, the UNCHR have made decisions to: scale up its famine emergency program; improve distribution of core relief items and emergency shelter; strengthen measures to prevent under-reporting of gender-based violence; and construct more border police posts to tackle human trafficking. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, despite their potential, women are often the most disadvantaged and undervalued in society, being denied productive economic livelihoods. Governments are therefore now expected to nationally mandate primary and secondary education, especially female education, provide incentives to parents to keep girls in school (through scholarships, reduction/ elimination of fees), etc. In conclusion, we can say that this extreme humanitarian disaster, occurring in the poorest regions of the world has been developed over time by several factors, the most important ones being environmental, social and political. Each of these factors clearly portrays different problematic aspects of this national disaster, and what impact these aspects are having on the deprived populations of poor countries, e.g. Somalia. Although the definitions of the factors differ slightly from country to country, in taking the example of Somalia, we see that most of the issues are quite general and probably common to most poor countries, e.g. drought, and the question of women?s rights. Therefore, in pointing out the causal and contributing factors of the famine in Somalia, one can define the problems and issues in the ?big picture?, i.e. all poor countries that are currently in the first few stages of development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Geography HCMC Fieldwork Report

    I can just assume that. However, you can see in Fig 1.11, in DK Street, there are 25% of tourists who tour with package tour. However, in PNL Street, only 10% of tourists who tour with package tour. Therefore, you can see package tourism agency prefer their customer to stay DK Street and their customers may prefer to stay DK Street.

  2. The Problem of Corruption in Egypt

    He explained that the routine was to offer people outside state buildings, where car licenses and other documents are disbursed, to speed up the paperwork processes in return for a bribe which was approximately around USD 10. The police officer explained that the income generated from these scams often total more than his entire monthly salary.

  1. Fukushima Earthquake And Tsunami 2011

    The many hills and low mountains located in Japans coastal region (sea figure 6)-especially where the Fukushima earthquake struck-help to prevent damage due to there significant height above sea levels. This environmental benefit was evident during the 2011 earthquake as authorities guided civilians to high ground so that when the

  2. Antarctica Report - The Location And Purpose Of Mawson Station

    breeding grounds and huddling areas) and instead forcing them to work in already human-developed areas like stations. Another impact that humans are having on Antarctica?s environment is the increasing amount of environmental pollution being released in forms of excess waste being dispersed into the oceans and environment in the form of litter.

  1. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    as in other cold places around the world with very little extra weight on themselves. They have also been able to carry tools around on expeditions that can dig, cut and build with greater ease than those of Mawson?s expedition.

  2. Hong Kong is a heaven for the rich and hell for the poor . ...

    Furthermore, most of the manufacturing jobs have a flexible employment, meaning that the workers receive unstable income and little job security, therefore when the workers become unemployed, they will easily fall into poverty. Vicious cycle In Hong Kong, poor people are trapped in a vicious cycle due to ineffective policy measures taken by the government.

  1. Malaria Conditions in Venezuela

    The World Health Organization also has split the world up into regions, in order to conquer and divide, and target malaria in blocs. PART 4: YOUR COUNTRY?S POLICY & ACTIONS Venezuela has not had an extremely active role in dealing with malaria. However, malaria has been rapidly growing in Venezuela.

  2. Discuss the causes of overfishing and evaluate the attempts to remedy this problem

    Some of the fishing lines are even able to be deployed to areas which are more than 120 km deep. The large trawler vessels are even able to store enormous volumes of fish reaching 4000 tons, a far cry from the 100 tons the small trawlers which still continue to fish today.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work