• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Somalian Famine. There is no such thing as an apolitical food problem, Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize winning Economist. Discuss this statement.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

SOMALIAN FAMINE 2011 ?There is no such thing as an apolitical food problem?, Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize winning Economist. Discuss this statement. The question of the Somalian Famine has been a subject of regular debate and discussion since July 2011, when the UN first declared an official famine in two specific regions of Somalia. The worst environmental conditions East Africa has experienced in many years, combined with other social and political problems, produced the ?worst humanitarian disaster? the world has suffered in several decades, according to the UN. In relation to this topic, Amartya Sen, a renowned economist, commented ? ?There is no such thing as an apolitical problem?. Sen perfectly defines one of the most important aspects of this issue, saying that such a food problem does not exist in which political factors do not play a vital part. Similarly, environmental and social factors too, are crucial to the causes and mediums of a food problem, in this case the Famine and its rapid spread throughout a country. From statistics and expert evaluations, it is evident that environmental factors play an important role in this particular case of Famine. ...read more.

Middle

However, Kenya, too has been experiencing serious drought conditions for about two years, and this has led to exhausted, barren fields and the death of livestock, which in turn has decreased supply of food for refugees. This does not, in any way, alleviate food security concerns, which are an even larger problem back in Somalia. The journey to these refugee camps is exhausting, and many die or are assaulted along the way; resources in camps, e.g. food distribution, water, shelter, healthcare, etc. are severely overstretched. However, these camps provide their inhabitants with a sense of security that they did not have in Somalia, where an unstable government and political system led to consistent unrest ? ?Now at least we have someone to look after us?, said Alisha, a refugee at Dadaab camp. In Somalia, insecurity, human rights violations, and restrictions imosed on aid agencies (by insurgents) serve to worsen the dire situation of the population. In order to combat the negative impact of the famine in 2012, the UNCHR have made decisions to: scale up its famine emergency program; improve distribution of core relief items and emergency shelter; strengthen measures to prevent under-reporting of gender-based violence; and construct more border police posts to tackle human trafficking. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, despite their potential, women are often the most disadvantaged and undervalued in society, being denied productive economic livelihoods. Governments are therefore now expected to nationally mandate primary and secondary education, especially female education, provide incentives to parents to keep girls in school (through scholarships, reduction/ elimination of fees), etc. In conclusion, we can say that this extreme humanitarian disaster, occurring in the poorest regions of the world has been developed over time by several factors, the most important ones being environmental, social and political. Each of these factors clearly portrays different problematic aspects of this national disaster, and what impact these aspects are having on the deprived populations of poor countries, e.g. Somalia. Although the definitions of the factors differ slightly from country to country, in taking the example of Somalia, we see that most of the issues are quite general and probably common to most poor countries, e.g. drought, and the question of women?s rights. Therefore, in pointing out the causal and contributing factors of the famine in Somalia, one can define the problems and issues in the ?big picture?, i.e. all poor countries that are currently in the first few stages of development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Food aid: case study

    to provide opportunities to the youth of Maradi to develop skills that make them employable. The Maradi Youth Project uses a people-oriented strategy that facilitates a process whereby the rights and dignity of youth are recognized. The project works with a local NGO, Association Nig�rienne pour le Bien Etre Familial,

  2. Geography HCMC Fieldwork Report

    I can just assume that. However, you can see in Fig 1.11, in DK Street, there are 25% of tourists who tour with package tour. However, in PNL Street, only 10% of tourists who tour with package tour. Therefore, you can see package tourism agency prefer their customer to stay DK Street and their customers may prefer to stay DK Street.

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    The presence of foreign musicians has not only livened the music scene in Singapore, but also helped to build up the local talent base through the transfer of skills to Singaporeans. Many have also become Singapore citizens. Today, out of the 89 musicians in the SSO, 70 of them are Singapore citizens of which, 36 are foreign born.

  2. Development vs. Conservation - A Debate

    By the time the reservoir is filled in the year 2013, 171,000 people will have been relocated, most of them poor peasants. These peasants are claimed to have a "self sacrificing spirit" and are "willing to move in accordance with the needs of the country", says Xi Meihua, director of resettlement for the dam project.

  1. Fukushima Earthquake And Tsunami 2011

    This is because seismometers can detect and measure motions with frequencies from 500 Hz to 0.00118 Hz- a large enough range to detect ocean waves- particularly in the Pacific Ocean. This could have a negative effect on the effectiveness of science?s solution.

  2. Malaria Conditions in Venezuela

    However, malaria has been rapidly growing in Venezuela. Bolivar state has been the epicenter for malaria, and the more rural areas in the country are hit more hardly than those more urban. In southern Venezuela, many miners had been carrying the disease. The government had displaced them into cities, and those miners carried the disease with them as well.

  1. Hong Kong is a heaven for the rich and hell for the poor . ...

    The economic transformation also raised the demand for service workers while on the other hand, pushed down the demand of labor workers. The manufacturing workers that shift to the service sector generally receive less income of their lack of experiences and required skills in the service sector.

  2. The Problem of Corruption in Egypt

    However, the Morsi Administration has taken up the challenge of corruption and passed several laws to fight the phenomena. 2012 Constitution tried to guarantee more transparency in the government than the previous one. Amongst others, the Constitution gives the public's right to information, data, documents and statistics, and imposes annual financial disclosure on members of Parliament.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work