• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Kyoto Protocol

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Anna Palgan Olivier Gubis Geography HL, 11 grade 27/02/2012 The Kyoto Protocol The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement between industrialised countries in which they agree to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2 % for the period 2008-2012, according to the data collected in 1997. The reference point of the challenge is very important. The idea is to decrease this process by 5.2 % according to the data form 10 years before. Compared to the emissions levels that would be expected by 2010 without the Protocol, this target represents a 29% cut. The protocol was signed at the 11 December 1997, however it became valid at the 16 February 2005. ...read more.

Middle

However president of the USA, Goerge Bush presented an alternative plan which to voluntarily reduce greenhouse gas emissions 4.5 percent by 2010, which he would equal taking 70 million cars off the road. The problem is that the emission of greenhouse gases would increase by 30% comparing to the data from 1990- Bush measured the plan for the reduction against current emissions. It is possible for contributing in Kyoto Protocol countries to reach the desired target without cutting domestic emissions, by planting forests which turn carbon dioxide into oxygen or keeping fewer cattle, by installing clean technology in the other countries and claiming carbon credits for themselves or buying carbon credits from countries such as Russia where traditional industries have declined and the national carbon limits are underused. ...read more.

Conclusion

China committed to setting a ?carbon intensity? target. China has pledged to use 15 % renewable energy by 2020 and plant 40m hectares of new forest. The European Union pledged 20 % cut in emissions by 2020 on 1990 levels, rising to 30% on the back of a new climate deal. Even the USA decided to participate more in the international actions against the greenhouse effect: the president of the USA, Barack Obama, promised to return emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. Sources: 1. Nagle, Garrett and Briony Coke, Geography course companion, IB DIPLOMA PROGRAMME, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011 2. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data , United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Web. 27 Feb. 2012, http://unfccc.int/ghg_data/items/3800.php 3. West, Larry, What is the Kyoto Protocol, Kyoro Protocol, About.com, http://environment.about.com/od/kyotoprotocol/i/kyotoprotocol.htm ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. IB Geography HL Report - Long Hai

    29% of people are backpacker in PNL. Most of backpacker doesn't have enough money or they don't want to spend lots of money. So they stay at PNL because of saving their money. And another point that we have to consider is business.

  2. geography IB prep

    many nations looked to oceans to supplement agricultural production and satisfy demand for protein � growth in production was due to an enormous increase in industrial fish production for meat and oil � torrage has been sustained by "fishing down the cathes chain", which involves catching smaller, younger, and less palatable fish => BAD!!

  1. Geography Course Work

    We only did 32 survey sites in total; this was mainly due to lack of time. To calculate the wind speed a simple method was used; by placing a measuring pole upright in the sand on the appropriate site and then placing a small ball of cotton wool on the top of the pole.

  2. Geo Internal Assesment 2005

    for the water to heat up when it is calmer, because of less movement of molecules therefore heat is energy is absorbed faster by the molecules as seen in chemistry. * Aim 9: To see where the temperature will be higher, in the lake or in the river * Hypothesis

  1. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    Due to an increasing number of people in Antarctica every year, tonnes of extra waste are being produced and dumped everywhere, releasing toxic chemicals which can become concentrated in the bodies of local wildlife, such as seals, penguins and whales, harming them in the long term.

  2. Fukushima Earthquake And Tsunami 2011

    However, if a tsunami were to reach such heights, the sea walls success would be limited greatly. A positive of their use though, is that their success is largely predictable as they do not require any electronic systems to function and nor do they have any human influence.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work