• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Kyoto Protocol

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Anna Palgan Olivier Gubis Geography HL, 11 grade 27/02/2012 The Kyoto Protocol The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement between industrialised countries in which they agree to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2 % for the period 2008-2012, according to the data collected in 1997. The reference point of the challenge is very important. The idea is to decrease this process by 5.2 % according to the data form 10 years before. Compared to the emissions levels that would be expected by 2010 without the Protocol, this target represents a 29% cut. The protocol was signed at the 11 December 1997, however it became valid at the 16 February 2005. ...read more.

Middle

However president of the USA, Goerge Bush presented an alternative plan which to voluntarily reduce greenhouse gas emissions 4.5 percent by 2010, which he would equal taking 70 million cars off the road. The problem is that the emission of greenhouse gases would increase by 30% comparing to the data from 1990- Bush measured the plan for the reduction against current emissions. It is possible for contributing in Kyoto Protocol countries to reach the desired target without cutting domestic emissions, by planting forests which turn carbon dioxide into oxygen or keeping fewer cattle, by installing clean technology in the other countries and claiming carbon credits for themselves or buying carbon credits from countries such as Russia where traditional industries have declined and the national carbon limits are underused. ...read more.

Conclusion

China committed to setting a ?carbon intensity? target. China has pledged to use 15 % renewable energy by 2020 and plant 40m hectares of new forest. The European Union pledged 20 % cut in emissions by 2020 on 1990 levels, rising to 30% on the back of a new climate deal. Even the USA decided to participate more in the international actions against the greenhouse effect: the president of the USA, Barack Obama, promised to return emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. Sources: 1. Nagle, Garrett and Briony Coke, Geography course companion, IB DIPLOMA PROGRAMME, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011 2. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data , United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Web. 27 Feb. 2012, http://unfccc.int/ghg_data/items/3800.php 3. West, Larry, What is the Kyoto Protocol, Kyoro Protocol, About.com, http://environment.about.com/od/kyotoprotocol/i/kyotoprotocol.htm ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. IB Geography HL Report - Long Hai

    29% of people are backpacker in PNL. Most of backpacker doesn't have enough money or they don't want to spend lots of money. So they stay at PNL because of saving their money. And another point that we have to consider is business.

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    We need to develop a strong ethos, built on a deep understanding of our history and a broad knowledge of how we fit into global markets. This will not only strengthen our sense of national identify, but enable us to participate more effectively in global issues and compete more ably in global markets.

  1. Geo Internal Assesment 2005

    so we could get an average for each. A ph meter, similar to the one we used Reading point Measuring point Other ways of measuring the pH of samples would have been with a Universal indicator, or titrate the samples by doing an acid base titration, or a pH indicator,

  2. geography IB prep

    Detail the ways in which technological advance has threatened fish stocks in terms of locating schools of fish and fishing operations. � use of LORAN and GPS enabling vessels to return to within 10m of a chosen location namely sites where fish gather and breed � receive satellite weather

  1. Geography Course Work

    Reason for choosing Guincho Location and features The reason for choosing Guincho is because it has an extensive and dynamic dune system, accessible (close to school), safe. North-west facing beach, on Atlantic coast, thus wind speeds are higher and wave action is higher, so dune system id more dynamic, about 10 km west of Cascais.

  2. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    Facilities At Mawson Station Transport Scientific Other Amenities * The emergency vehicle shelter with fire-fighting equipment and other vehicles. * The three helipads and one aircraft hanger and airstrip (currently out of use). * The post office and the high frequency radio transmitter hut for communication.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work