• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Pampas: The Temperate Grasslands of Argentina

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Pampas: The Temperate Grasslands of Argentina The temperate grasslands of South America are the vast, grassy plain that stretch across Argentina and wander through Brazil and Peru. Being an illustrious part of the South American landscape, the plains are often referred to as ?The Pampas?, meaning ?flat, unbounded land? in Quechua (Britannica.) The temperate, regulated climate of Argentina makes this region ideal for agriculture. Some regions tend to be more humid, while others are dryer and more arid (Smith), which makes the Pampas as a whole the perfect environment to host a large variety of different plants and animals native to the grasslands, including foxes, giant ant-eaters and Pampas deer. For centuries, native Argentinian horsemen, called Gauchos have been using the natural abundance of the Pampas to their advantage, introducing cattle farming to the land. Once Europeans discovered the potential the Pampas had to offer in the 16th century, they exported large amount of cattle to Argentina in hopes of making a monopoly of the situation (Smith) ...read more.

Middle

This is what eventually led to the manifestation of the Foot-and-Mouth virus that flew through the Argentinian countryside and slaughterhouses. This evidently had a negative impact on the economical productivity of one of Argentina?s largest agricultural sector, as a ban against any frozen or chilled meat from the Argentines was put in place in 1926, only to be lifted in 1993.This epidemic also caused a major change in the natural environment of the biome, as Foot and Mouth disease renders cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, deer and all camelids susceptible (Sheinin). Another issue in the biome is that of habitat loss due to excessive rainfall. With global climate levels rising, rainfall levels have also increased worldwide. In Argentina, however, the ecosystem is especially impacted. In flat lands with sufficient water supply, flooding and it?s by product, loss of habitual territory, negatively impact the top predators of the biome directly (Canepuccia 407). Canepuccia, who conducted an experiment on the pampas fox in the matter, says that the Pampas have ?been subjected to the greatest in annual precipitation increase ever recorded? and has also suffered the most modifications of the native grasslands through agricultural work (407). ...read more.

Conclusion

This would also restore a small amount of the natural order of the biome which, no matter how little, benefits the ecosystem. The issue of the excessive rainfall, however, is a much more difficult issue to solve. The global climate is changing due to the increasing Greenhouse effect, which is essentially the emission of gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide into the atmosphere that leads to global warming. According to Richard Monasterky, ?Satellite measurements reveal that over the last 15 years, the extent of polar sea ice has shrunk by 6 percent.? (230). This increase in sea levels is what causes the increasing levels of rainfall that threaten the species and terrestrial habitat of the Pampas. To combat this, the world must make an effort to reduce greenhouse gas emission in their everyday lives by cutting down on energy, water and automobile use. Only then will we be able to heal the world, and all the ecosystems that have been disrupted by the sudden changes in the environment. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Population in Brazil

    5 star(s)

    Older children turn out sometimes to become street dealers of drugs. Equally shocking, roughly 500,000 girls are forced into prostitution as a way of getting paid in several Brazilian cities. Sexual activity for street children is more often than not unprotected. The risk of catching sexually transmitted infections is growing.

  2. Case study on Aral Sea

    liters, and a person living in the urban area receives 40 liters while in the country the average rate is 550 liters. In the crisis zone people fail to receive water sometimes for several days at a time. Summary: 1.

  1. Climate changes in Canada. What consequences derive from the climate change in Canada ...

    However, even though forests will grow in the north, they are more likely to be vulnerable to pests, diseases, and fire, as the soil moisture of the north is low. Great Lakes-St. Lawrence basin Over 42.5 million people live in the area of the Great Lakes.

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    Affordable housing, flexibility of education system, cost and quality of living are some areas that can help make it attractive to foreigners intending to settle in Singapore. 68. We need to actively target and seek out talent. Our vision is to make Singapore a global city of opportunity for talent.

  1. Raspberry farming

    The soil is called chernozem, which is a type of soil listed amongst the most fertile sorts in the world. It is really good for growing fruits and berries as it contains a lot of humus, and very high percentages of phosphorus and ammonia3.

  2. Shanty Case Study

    Looking back to Map One, Nairobi is situated right by the Athi River. Naturally, river water is quite clean, however, with thousands of people using the river for disposal (dumping garbage), it becomes contaminated. See Figure 8. If the garbage is not dumped into the river, it piles up in one area, as seen in Figure 3.

  1. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    a less risk of breaking down or failing in the middle of an expedition. Another adaption humans have made to help battle the Antarctic climate is their improved clothing that has better insulation, conserving more heat. This clothing has made humans feel as if they are feeling the same temperature

  2. Impacts of off seasonal farming

    to dispute whether Egypt is making an economically valid decision to invest in agricultural farming. Are the strenuous constant inputs to just keep this farming scheme afloat actually worth it in the long term? This has is a topic likely to be heavily debated in the near future as Egypt?s water levels are reaching a dangerously low levels.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work