• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Urban-Birmingham

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sasha Zouev Geography HL, 22/09/06 MEDC Urbanization Case Study: Birmingham Introduction: Birmingham is a city in the English West Midlands. It's considered to be the UK's second largest city (after London) and the largest of England's core cities. Birmingham has a reputation of being a somewhat powerhouse of the industrial revolution in Britain. Currently the population is just over one million people, 30% of whom are non-white, making it a very culturally diverse city. City History: Birmingham's history is well over 1000 years old, when it was still a small Anglo-Saxon farming village. In the 12th century Birmingham was granted a charter to hold a market, and soon after this, it developed into a small but growing market town. In the 16th century, the city's access to resources like iron ore and coal meant that many industries became established. ...read more.

Middle

This growth attracted large amounts of people to come live near the factories. Towns such as London, Birmingham and Manchester grew the fastest in the 19th century. Along with urbanization, comes a process called suburbanization. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was the rapid development of suburbs. City centers became noisy and dirty, also often very dangerous and as a result, those who could afford it, moved away to the edge of the town. This process became a way for towns to spread outwards in leaps and bounds. Birmingham is a good example of a phenomenon called re-urbanization. This is MEDC occurrence happens when cities have showed their ability to survive and start growing again. Cities give themselves a face-lift by redeveloping their centers or decayed inner city zones. As a result, people are attracted back to this area. ...read more.

Conclusion

All these things combined to make Birmingham a very dangerous place to live. Many areas of tower blocks became centers for illegal drug traders and other criminal gangs The standard of living was incredibly poor, and illness and overcrowding became a regular occurrence. Most people would choose not to live in this type of housing, so it was inhabited by the poorly paid, unemployed or newly arrived immigrants. As a result of this, social tensions rose and in the early 1980's, cities like Birmingham, Liverpool and Bristol, experienced serious racial-related rioting. Statistics to try and remember for IB urban exam question: * Over 30% of Birmingham is made up of non-whites (Asians, blacks, other minorities) * In the 1960's, a process of rejuvenation started in the city of Birmingham * The population has dropped below the one million mark, however after the re-urbanization; it is now back to being above one million. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Food aid: case study

    The project targets 600 women's groups or about 12,000 women. Expected results of the project include: 1) strengthened technical and organizational capacities of women's groups; 2) increased revenues earned from livestock production; 3)

  2. geography IB prep

    maps of water-temperature fronts, indicating where fish will be travelling PRIOR TO THE 1950: --> found fish using knowledge and instinct --> caught them in nets no more than a hectare or two in size --> limited fuel and refrigeration kept boats close to home � fish are thrown back

  1. Field Study Geo

    of the services offered near the high rise In this area, there can be seen that there are a variety of restaurants, and service shops (Figure 1.5, Table 1.3) are placed in this area. There is a high rise (Figure 1.4)

  2. Fieldwork Urban Heat Islands

    With this map, we can understand the distances between the Fieldwork Places: - "Parque da Luz" to "Esta��o da Luz" is 193,39 meters. - "Parque da Luz" to "Esta��o J�lio Prestes" is 772,93 meters. - "Esta��o da Luz" to "Esta��o J�lio Prestes" is 602,82 meters.

  1. Is the introduction of foreign talent in Singapore beneficial to Singaporeans?

    Therefore, the introduction of foreign talent in Singapore is beneficial to Singaporeans. Do Foreign Talents Have A Positive Impact On Your Society? It is a known fact that Singapore does not have any natural resources. The only resource that it has is her people. Unfortunately, even that source is dwindling.

  2. Forestry Revival - The Revolution in Canadas Forest Industry

    Lumber is finally paying off for its investors due to high demands and low supplies of wood products. This uneven balance enables the industry to charge higher prices for its products. Right now we see high demands from mainly the U.S., China, and Japan who wish to employ lumber in their construction/reconstruction efforts.

  1. Impacts of off seasonal farming

    Although Egypt has been able to sustain such high productions of potatoes, the level of maintenance to support its thirsty crops such as potatoes in average temperatures of 45C seems quite ludicrous. Just to produce one kilo of potatoes, it takes 500 liters for them to grow.

  2. Evaluation of the industrial revolution

    Slaves frm Africa transported to US, and also Caribbea, where the French and British grew sugar & manufactured rum. Slave trad ebegain in 1500s whern the Portuguese and Spanish begain shipping human cargo to Brazil and South America. In the 1700s, it expanded when slave trade is realized to be

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work