• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Urbanisation - how cities differ in LEDCs from those in MEDCs.

Extracts from this document...


Urbanisation is the process of intense city growth due to prolific economic activities around the city core. The word urban or urban living can be traced to the original latin word - urbs: meaning a city. Urbanisation means the radical transformation of society and a deep-seated change in human psychology where the environment has made him more aware of the isolation of the individuals and his growing mobility through the modern transportation system and choice of employments.One of the most significant events affecting the geography of the developing world in the last 50 years has been the large-scale migration of people from the countryside to the towns and cities. This process is called Urbanisation. Urbanisation is basically the process by which more and more people live in towns and cities. Urbanisation is also the process of change from a rural society in which people lived in scattered to villages to an urban society in which people live in densely populated centres. The definitions of what is or is not urban differ from one country to another. Prior to 1950 the majority of urbanisation occurred in MEDCs (more economically developed countries). Rapid urbanisation took place during the period of industrialisation that took place in Europe and North America in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ...read more.


The another process of urbanisation occuring in MEDCs is Re-urbanization in which people move into areas in the urban zone's which have previously been abandoned, which usually occurs after a regeneration scheme is used for that area. An example of it is London Docklands In the 1980's the Docklands development corporation took the task of regenerating of London Docklands. At the end, they were able to Physically, Socially, Economically and environmentally regenerate the docklands.But the procees of urbanisation in LEDCs is different than in MEDCs behind the urbanization and expansion of cities is Rural-urban migration which has resulted in the rapid growth of large cities. There are many pull and push factors for the Rural-urban migration. In developing coutries lots of people move from coutryside to the city as in the coutryside they are pushed out due to poverty, lack of education facilities or natural disastors. The cities pull them in with the chance of a better job, range of services and facilities. People living in rural areas are pushed out of the countryside because of infertile land or small area to farm, limited job opportunities, poor transport links etc. The reasons of the urbanisation in LEDCs are quite different and the city structure results back from different happenings in the past. ...read more.


Only shops with high revenue or successful service supplier are able to pay these high rental costs. The same counts for regions like Chelsea,West London or Manhattan; only very wealthy people are able to afford these high class accommodations, one can say that higher amount of trees or green the higher the prices for property. After people started moving from the city the issues of traffic congestion worsened, the problem is the big highways or auto-routes lead towards the city but the smaller and narrowed older city streets cannot cope with the huge amount of traffic in a short period of time, most cities introduce car free zones or car free days in order to take pressure of the environment and air pollution. The problem in LEDCs is that the cities grew far too rapid in a short time period. The cities were not able to supply enough housing for the increasing population, this triggered the building of shanty towns, slums and ghettos. The high quality housing area which dates back to colonial times started to find itself surrounded by crime,dirt and a hunger. The problems in shanty towns are immense, the lack of a sewage system, electricity, clean watersupply, food supply and water disposeals generate a population at its limits. Because sewage and waste is disposed to rivers and others sources of natural clean water supply ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    LEDCs are more vulnerable to hazard events than MEDCs. Discuss.

    4 star(s)

    Both of these earthquakes also occurred during the day, leaving people more reaction time to run or perform evacuation measures. However, a huge difference can be seen in their impacts. For the Haiti earthquake, the death toll was up to 230, 000 and 250, 000 were injured.

  2. Free essay

    An investigation into the underlying factors affecting infiltration rates and their impacts in a ...

    the maximum value being 0.25 centimetres as it fluctuates between zero and 0.25 cm. Site 6 was relatively similar to Site 4. Figure 14: Day 1, Site 6 Above, in figure 14, is collected data of a trend that is relatively similar to Figure 11.

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    It was the "ordinary" white and blue-collar jobs that Singaporeans felt they could do just as well that the threat was felt most. The more highly-paid Singaporeans also tended to feel more secure about their jobs. Less than half of those who earned under $1,000 a month felt secure about

  2. Geography FiledWork: Study of CBD

    METHODOLOGY: The environmental quality of Hannover will be represented on maps with isolines in order to identify the trends of increasing or decreasing environmental quality.

  1. Geography Field Study - Delineating the CBD Antwerp

    Traffic and pedestrian counts will be taken to test hypothesis III. Distributions and prices of hotels and parking spots relate to hypotheses V and VI, however the data for these does not necessarily have to be collected on the field study day.

  2. Life in modern Denmark

    In the workplace, the managers seem to be quite young compared to other countries such as Paris and Japan, where all of the managers are typically over the age of sixty.

  1. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    There is also a ?magnetic quiet area? for research and tests requiring very little magnetic interference. The Station: The base at Mawson has a very simplistic layout. It consists of many buildings in a spread out area (as shown in the image on the right)

  2. Fieldwork Question: Which are more effective in promoting vehicular traffic flow in Nairobi: roundabouts ...

    Transit times at the unregulated intersection gradually become faster, although still relatively slow and with several fluctuations, which in this case actually meant that more cars were able to drive from one line of cornstarch across another line of cornstarch exiting the intersection faster.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work