• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Urbanization and Land Use in New York City

Extracts from this document...


Urbanization and Land Use in New York City ________________ Urban populations and their movement Urbanization is known as the process by which an increasing percentage of a country?s population migrates from rural areas and moves into the town and city. This is called rural to urban migration. Though rural to urban migration is the most common there is also natural increase urbanization. MEDCs like New York City don?t have big growth and growth rate changes such as in LEDC countries. In 1980, 61% of New York immigrants that immigrated to New York were admitted based on family preferences compared to the other 36%. The immigrant?s home countries which are almost always LEDC?s are so poor, usually due to political disorder. This usually results in a high crime rate. Due to all this, the immigrants will flee their country in desperation, which is why they will usually enter a country without the appropriate documents such as their visa. The immigrants that migrated based on family preferences were looking mainly for employment. ...read more.


The highest residential densities are found in inner-city areas. As you go further away from the city centre the residential density increases. Housing in NYC is mostly based on their life cycle, income and ethnicity. In many cities there are clearly defined ethnic or racial areas. Examples include Harlem in New York and Watts in Los Angeles. Often times a family and or population group chooses to live apart from the dominant population in order to maintain their cultural integrity, this is known as positive segregation. Other times the minority is excluded from society and is unable to afford the housing in more affluent areas, this is known as negative segregation. The total number of slum dwellers in the world stood at about 924 million people in 2001. This represented about 32% of the world?s total urban population, but 78.2% of the urban population in LEDC?s. Slums are typically located in areas that planners do not want such as steep sloped areas or flood paths. Gentrification is the reinvestment of capital into inner-city areas. It refers mostly to an improvement of residential areas, although there is an economic dimension too. ...read more.


Some block fronts that are found in the residential districts can or may have a commercial overlay district as well. This is done in order to provide a neighborhood with the luxury of retail services such as retail stores. The Limited Height Districts or LHD for short are but another type of overlay district. This overlay district however imposes height limitations on any new buildings that are to be constructed in certain areas. These areas include, historic districts designated by the NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission or LPC for short. The informal sector or informal economy is that part of an economy that is not taxed, monitored by any form of government, or included in any gross national product (GNP), unlike the formal economy. Other terms used to refer to the informal sector can include the black market, the shadow economy, the underground economy and System D. Associated idioms include under the table, "off the books" and "working for cash". The informal sector is part of every city and is involved in every community. It provides people with jobs and though they may not be legitimate jobs they are not illegal either and therefore still provide income to the poorer population. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    We already have some good examples: Dr Noeleen Heyzer who is Executive Director of UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), Mr Ng Ser Miang who sits on the International Olympic Council, Mr Liew Mun Leong who has served as president of the International Standards Organisation (ISO), and Mr Abdul Halim

  2. Case Study of Urbanization in an LEDC final

    Mexico "Indicators" (Demographics/statistics): The people: Population: 107 million people (2007 est.) Graph of population growth (Figure 1) Birth/ death rate: 20.7 births per 1000 population 4.74 deaths per 1000 population Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.84 years male: 73.05 years female: 78.78 years (2008 est.)

  1. Latin America - history, politics, immigration and literature.

    For the last 50 years Latin America as lived through a sustained period of economic and social deficiency. If it was not for drug exports, immigration, and the informal economy it would have been much worse for the nations of the hemisphere.

  2. The Effect of Changing Distance From Toronto's Central Business District on Parking Prices.

    The reason is that in the Southern direction, the Harbourfront may cause anomalous results for the change in prices. The geographic models to be used will be the Bid-Rent Theory, which relates distance from the CBD to rent prices (adapted for this study as distance versus parking prices).

  1. Is the introduction of foreign talent in Singapore beneficial to Singaporeans?

    However, statistics have shown that last year, the number of citizen births rose by a mere 0.9%, or an average of 28,000 births per year. So, the other option will be to introduce foreign talents into Singapore. The foreign talent policy has since caused much discussion among Singapore citizens.

  2. Antarctica Report - The Location And Purpose Of Mawson Station

    Lying at the south-most point on Earth, Antarctica is truly a unique continent, renowned for a very harsh climate and an environment that has caused both, humans and animals, to adapt to the extreme conditions. Despite minimum infrastructure, Antarctica houses various forms of extensive scientific research conducted at its numerous bases.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work